Henry Markham

Henry Harrison Markham (November 16, 1840 – October 9, 1923) was a Republican United States Representative from California from March 4, 1885 to March 3, 1887. Declining to run for re-election to Congress in 1886, he ran four years later to become the 18th governor of California, serving from January 8, 1891 until January 11, 1895.

Henry Harrison Markham
Henry Markham
Henry Markham
18th Governor of California
In office
January 8, 1891 – January 11, 1895
LieutenantJohn B. Reddick
Preceded byRobert Waterman
Succeeded byJames Budd
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from California's 6th district
In office
March 4, 1885 – March 3, 1887
Preceded byDistrict created
Succeeded byWilliam Vandever
Personal details
Born(1840-11-16)November 16, 1840
Wilmington, New York
DiedOctober 9, 1923(1923-10-09) (aged 82)
Pasadena, California
Political partyRepublican
Spouse(s)Mary A. (nee Dana) Markham
ResidencePasadena, California
OccupationLawyer, soldier and politician
Military service
Allegiance United States
Branch/service United States Army
RankSecond Lieutenant
Unit32nd Wisconsin Volunteer Infantry Regiment
Battles/warsCivil War

Early lifeEdit

On November 16, 1840, Markham was born in Wilmington, New York. [1][2]


During the Civil War, Markham enlisted as a private in Company G, 32nd Wisconsin Volunteer Infantry Regiment; he was promoted to second lieutenant. Markham was part of General William Tecumseh Sherman's March to the Sea in 1864. He was wounded at the battle of Whippy Swamp in 1865, and discharged.

After the war Markham returned to Wisconsin and settled in Milwaukee, where he studied law and passed the bar in 1867. He practiced law in Milwaukee in the state and federal courts. In 1879, Markham continued to practice law in Pasadena.

In 1890, Markham was elected as governor of California and inaugurated in January 1891.[1]

In Pasadena Markham was on the school board and was one of the founders of the Pasadena public library. He was also part of the Calico Union Mining Company. During his run for governor he was referred to as "the dashing colonel from Pasadena." He was a long time member of the Pasadena Republican Club.

Personal lifeEdit

On May 17, 1876, Markham married Mary A. Dana (1853-1934) in Waukesha, Wisconsin. Markham purchased a 23 acre ranch in Pasadena, California. In 1879, Markham and his family moved to Pasadena, California. They have five daughters, Marie, Alice, Gertrude, Genevieve, and Hildreth. The Markham house was located at 703 S. Pasadena Ave. After elected as governor in 1891, Markham and his family moved to Sacramento, California. On October 9, 1923, Markham died in his home in Pasadena, California. Markham was 83 years old. Markham is interred in Mountain View Cemetery in Altadena. [1][2][3][4]


  1. ^ a b c "Death Takes Former Governor H. H. Markham". The Sacramento Bee. Pasadena, California. AP. October 9, 1923. p. 1. Retrieved June 3, 2021 – via newspapers.com.
  2. ^ a b "The Governor's Gallery - Henry Harrison Markham (1891–1895)". governors.library.ca.gov. Retrieved June 3, 2021.
  3. ^ "The First Ladies/Partners of California- Mary Markham (1891–1895)". governors.library.ca.gov. Retrieved June 3, 2021.
  4. ^ "Home of Governor H.H. Markham on South Pasadena Ave, Pasadena". calisphere.org. Retrieved June 3, 2021.(Note: The house was demolished in 1939.)

External linksEdit

Party political offices
Preceded by
John Franklin Swift
Republican nominee for Governor of California
Succeeded by
Morris M. Estee
Political offices
Preceded by
Robert Waterman
Governor of California
Succeeded by
James Budd
U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from California's 6th congressional district

Succeeded by
William Vandever