Henry Harrison Markham (November 16, 1840 – October 9, 1923) was a Republican United States Representative from California from March 4, 1885 to March 3, 1887. Declining to run for re-election to Congress in 1886, he ran four years later to become the 18th governor of California, serving from January 8, 1891 until January 11, 1895.
Henry Harrison Markham
|18th Governor of California|
January 8, 1891 – January 11, 1895
|Lieutenant||John B. Reddick|
|Preceded by||Robert Waterman|
|Succeeded by||James Budd|
|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives|
from California's 6th district
March 4, 1885 – March 3, 1887
|Preceded by||District created|
|Succeeded by||William Vandever|
|Born||November 16, 1840|
Wilmington, New York
|Died||October 9, 1923 (aged 82)|
|Spouse(s)||Mary A. (nee Dana) Markham|
|Occupation||Lawyer, soldier and politician|
|Branch/service||United States Army|
|Unit||32nd Wisconsin Volunteer Infantry Regiment|
During the Civil War, Markham enlisted as a private in Company G, 32nd Wisconsin Volunteer Infantry Regiment; he was promoted to second lieutenant. Markham was part of General William Tecumseh Sherman's March to the Sea in 1864. He was wounded at the battle of Whippy Swamp in 1865, and discharged.
After the war Markham returned to Wisconsin and settled in Milwaukee, where he studied law and passed the bar in 1867. He practiced law in Milwaukee in the state and federal courts. In 1879, Markham continued to practice law in Pasadena.
In 1890, Markham was elected as governor of California and inaugurated in January 1891.
In Pasadena Markham was on the school board and was one of the founders of the Pasadena public library. He was also part of the Calico Union Mining Company. During his run for governor he was referred to as "the dashing colonel from Pasadena." He was a long time member of the Pasadena Republican Club.
On May 17, 1876, Markham married Mary A. Dana (1853-1934) in Waukesha, Wisconsin. Markham purchased a 23 acre ranch in Pasadena, California. In 1879, Markham and his family moved to Pasadena, California. They have five daughters, Marie, Alice, Gertrude, Genevieve, and Hildreth. The Markham house was located at 703 S. Pasadena Ave. After elected as governor in 1891, Markham and his family moved to Sacramento, California. On October 9, 1923, Markham died in his home in Pasadena, California. Markham was 83 years old. Markham is interred in Mountain View Cemetery in Altadena. 
- "Death Takes Former Governor H. H. Markham". The Sacramento Bee. Pasadena, California. AP. October 9, 1923. p. 1. Retrieved June 3, 2021 – via newspapers.com.
- "The Governor's Gallery - Henry Harrison Markham (1891–1895)". governors.library.ca.gov. Retrieved June 3, 2021.
- "The First Ladies/Partners of California- Mary Markham (1891–1895)". governors.library.ca.gov. Retrieved June 3, 2021.
- "Home of Governor H.H. Markham on South Pasadena Ave, Pasadena". calisphere.org. Retrieved June 3, 2021.(Note: The house was demolished in 1939.)
- United States Congress. "Henry Markham (id: M000134)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.
- Treasure from the Painted Hills: A History of Calico, California, 1882-1907, page 18, By Douglas W. Steeples, David O. Whitten