Henry Herbert, 2nd Earl of Carnarvon

Colonel Henry George Herbert, 2nd Earl of Carnarvon DL, FSA (3 June 1772 – 16 April 1833),[1] styled The Honourable Henry Herbert from 1780 to 1793 and Lord Porchester from 1793 to 1811, was a British peer, nobleman, and Whig politician.


The Earl of Carnarvon

2ndEarlOfCarnarvon.jpg
The Earl of Carnarvon.
Personal details
Born3 June 1772
Hill Street, London, England
Died16 April 1833 (1833-04-17) (aged 60)
Grosvenor Square, London, England
NationalityBritish
Political partyWhig
Spouse(s)Elizabeth "Kitty" Acland
(died 1813)
Children5
ParentsHenry Herbert, 1st Earl of Carnarvon
Lady Elizabeth Alicia Maria Wyndham

Background and educationEdit

Born in Hill Street in London, Herbert was the oldest son of Henry Herbert, 1st Earl of Carnarvon,[2] and Lady Elizabeth Alicia Maria Wyndham, the oldest daughter of Charles Wyndham, 2nd Earl of Egremont.[3] He was baptised in St George's, Hanover Square on 22 June 1772.[2] His younger brothers were the sailor Charles Herbert and the botanist William Herbert.[3] Another brother, Algernon Herbert was an antiquary.[3] Herbert was educated at Eton until 1789.[2]

CareerEdit

Herbert joined the Royal Wiltshire Militia as captain in 1790 and when the West Somerset Yeomanry was raised in 1794 became its major.[1] He was promoted to lieutenant-colonel four years later and obtained colonelcy of the regiment in 1803.[1] Having been elected for Cricklade, Herbert entered the British House of Commons in 1794.[4] After the Act of Union 1801 he represented the constituency then in the Parliament of the United Kingdom until 1811, when he succeeded his father as earl.[4] During his time as Member of Parliament he stirred an investigation into the failure of the Walcheren Campaign in 1809.[5] Herbert was nominated a Deputy Lieutenant for the county of Somerset in 1803 and served as High Steward of Newbury.[1] He was chosen a fellow of the Society of Antiquaries of London in 1814 and was vice-president of the Royal Horticultural Society.[6]

Marriage & progenyEdit

 
Arms of 2nd Earl of Carnarvon, four quarters (Herbert, Talbot, de Vere, Sawyer of Highclere: Azure, a fess chequy sable and or between three sea-pies (proper?)) with inescutcheon of Acland of Pixton quartering Dyke of Pixton. Brushford Church, Somerset, above the effigy of his great grandson Hon. Aubrey Herbert (1880-1923), of Pixton Park, Somerset, second son of the 4th Earl

On 26 April 1796, he married the heiress Elizabeth "Kitty" Acland (d.1813), at St George's Hanover Square.[2] She was the only daughter and eventual heiress of Col. John Dyke Acland (1747-1778), son and heir apparent of Sir Thomas Dyke Acland, 7th Baronet (1722-1785) of Killerton, Devon and Petherton Park in Somerset, who acquired Pixton, Tetton and Holnicote by his marriage to the heiress Elizabeth Dyke (d.1753). Her brother was Sir John Dyke Acland, 8th Baronet, who died aged 7.[2] He inherited from his wife the substantial Somerset estates of Pixton Park in Somerset and Tetton, Kingston St Mary. Kitty died at Shooter's Hill in 1813; Herbert survived her for twenty years until 1833.[6] By his wife he had five children, three daughters and two sons.[7]

Death & burialEdit

He died, aged 60, at his London residence in Grosvenor Square and was buried at Burghclere in Hampshire.[6] He was succeeded in his titles by his eldest son Henry Herbert, 3rd Earl of Carnarvon.[6]

Porchester's PostEdit

 
"Porchester's Post", Exmoor, Somerset, viewed in 2005, erected by the 2nd Earl of Carnarvon in 1796, the year of his marriage

The westernmost boundary of the historic estate of Pixton Park in Somerset is marked by "Porchester's Post", a 10 foot high oak obelisk first erected in 1796 for that purpose, by the 2nd Earl of Carnarvon, of Highclere Castle in Hampshire, husband of Elizabeth "Kitty" Acland, heiress of Pixton, whom he had married that year. He was then aged 24 and until his father's death in 1811 was known by his courtesy title of Lord Porchester. It is located high up on Exmoor between Withypool Hill and Halscombe Allotment (grid reference SS 828 334), 7 miles north-west of Pixton Park. It was renewed and re-erected in 2002 by the Exmoor National Park Authority. A brass plaque attached to it is inscribed as follows:[8]

"First erected in 1796 to mark the boundary of the Carnarvon Estate. Re-erected in memory of Lord Porchester, Earl of Carnarvon, the Chairman of the 1977 inquiry into the protection of moorland on Exmoor and to commemorate the Golden Jubilee of Queen Elizabeth II in 2002".

NotesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d Doyle" (1886), p. 341
  2. ^ a b c d e Cokayne (1913), p. 47
  3. ^ a b c Burke (1832), p. 212
  4. ^ a b Thorne (1986), p. 184
  5. ^ Thorne (1986), p. 185
  6. ^ a b c d Urban (1833), p. 463
  7. ^ Debrett (1828), p. 201
  8. ^ For image see

ReferencesEdit

  • Cokayne, George Edward (1913). Vicary Gibbs (ed.). The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom. vol. III. Exeter: William Pollard Co. Ltd.
  • Doyle, James William Edmund (1886). The Official Baronage of England. vol. I. London: Longmans, Green & Co.
  • Thorne, R. G. (1986). The House of Commons, 1790-1820. vol. I. London: Secker & Warburg. ISBN 0-436-52101-6.
  • Burke, John (1832). A Genealogical and Heraldic History of the Peerage and Baronetage of the British Empire. vol. I (4th ed.). London: Henry Colburn and Richard Bentley.
  • Debrett, John (1828). Debrett's Peerage of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. vol. I (17th ed.). London: G. Woodfall.
  • Sylvanus, Urban (1833). The Gentleman's Magazine. part I. London: John Bowyer Nichols and Son.

External linksEdit

Parliament of Great Britain
Preceded by
Thomas Estcourt
John Walker-Heneage
Member of Parliament for Cricklade
1794–1801
With: Thomas Estcourt
Succeeded by
Parliament of the United Kingdom
Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Parliament of Great Britain
Member of Parliament for Cricklade
18011811
With: Thomas Estcourt 1801–1806
Thomas Goddard 1806–1811
Succeeded by
William Herbert
Thomas Goddard
Peerage of Great Britain
Preceded by
Henry Herbert
Earl of Carnarvon
1811–1833
Succeeded by
Henry Herbert