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Henry Clay Caldwell (September 4, 1832 – February 15, 1915) was a United States District Judge of the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Arkansas and the United States District Court for the Western District of Arkansas and later was a United States Circuit Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Eighth Circuit and of the United States Circuit Courts for the Eighth Circuit.

Henry Clay Caldwell
Caldwell2.jpg
Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Eighth Circuit
In office
June 16, 1891 – June 4, 1903
Appointed byoperation of law
Preceded bySeat established by 26 Stat. 826
Succeeded byWilliam Cather Hook
Judge of the United States Circuit Courts for the Eighth Circuit
In office
March 4, 1890 – June 4, 1903
Appointed byBenjamin Harrison
Preceded byDavid Josiah Brewer
Succeeded byWilliam Cather Hook
Judge of the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Arkansas
In office
June 20, 1864 – March 13, 1890
Appointed byAbraham Lincoln
Preceded byDaniel Ringo
Succeeded byJohn A. Williams
Judge of the United States District Court for the Western District of Arkansas
In office
June 20, 1864 – March 3, 1871
Appointed byAbraham Lincoln
Preceded byDaniel Ringo
Succeeded bySeat abolished
Member of the Iowa House of Representatives
In office
1859-1861
Personal details
Born
Henry Clay Caldwell

(1832-09-04)September 4, 1832
Marshall County, Virginia
DiedFebruary 15, 1915(1915-02-15) (aged 82)
Los Angeles, California
Educationread law

Contents

Education and careerEdit

 
Col. Henry Clay Caldwell of the 3rd Iowa Volunteer Cavalry

Born on September 4, 1832, in Marshall County, Virginia (now West Virginia), Caldwell read law in 1851. He entered private practice in Keosauqua, Iowa from 1852 to 1856. He was prosecutor for Van Buren County, Iowa from 1856 to 1858. He was a member of the Iowa House of Representatives from 1859 to 1861. He served in the United States Army from 1861 to 1864, during the American Civil War.[1]

Federal judicial serviceEdit

Caldwell was nominated by President Abraham Lincoln on May 2, 1864, to a joint seat on the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Arkansas and the United States District Court for the Western District of Arkansas vacated by Judge Daniel Ringo. He was confirmed by the United States Senate on May 28, 1864, and received his commission on June 20, 1864. On March 3, 1871, Caldwell was reassigned by operation of law to serve only in the Eastern District. His service terminated on March 13, 1890, due to his elevation to the Eighth Circuit.[1]

Caldwell was nominated by President Benjamin Harrison on February 27, 1890, to a seat on the United States Circuit Courts for the Eighth Circuit vacated by Judge David Josiah Brewer. He was confirmed by the Senate on March 4, 1890, and received his commission the same day. Caldwell was assigned by operation of law to additional and concurrent service on the United States Court of Appeals for the Eighth Circuit on June 16, 1891, to a new seat authorized by 26 Stat. 826 (Evarts Act). His service terminated on June 4, 1903, due to his retirement.[1]

DeathEdit

Caldwell died on February 15, 1915, in Los Angeles, California.[1]

ReferencesEdit

SourcesEdit

  • Henry Clay Caldwell at the Biographical Directory of Federal Judges, a public domain publication of the Federal Judicial Center.
  • Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, 1888
  • Harper’s Weekly, January 1864
  • Joseph A. Mudd, With Porter in Northeast Missouri (1909)
  • Richard S. Arnold, George C. Freeman, III JUDGE HENRY CLAY CALDWELL 23 U. Ark. Little Rock L. Rev. 317 Winter, 2001
  • "The Political Graveyard: Index to Politicians: Caldwell". politicalgraveyard.com.
  • Scott, Henry Wilson (April 15, 1891). "Distinguished American Lawyers: With Their Struggles and Triumphs in the Forum ..." C.L. Webster. pp. 115–116 – via Google Books.

WorksEdit

  • "Railroad Receiverships in the Federal Courts of the United States: Remarks of the Hon. Henry C. Caldwell before the Greenleaf Club." St. Louis, 1896.
  • "Trial by Judge and Jury." American Federationist, vol. 17 (May 1910), pp. 385–389.

Further readingEdit

Legal offices
Preceded by
Daniel Ringo
Judge of the United States District Court for the Western District of Arkansas
1864–1871
Succeeded by
Seat abolished
Judge of the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Arkansas
1864–1890
Succeeded by
John A. Williams
Preceded by
David Josiah Brewer
Judge of the United States Circuit Courts for the Eighth Circuit
1890–1903
Succeeded by
William Cather Hook
Preceded by
Seat established by 26 Stat. 826
Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Eighth Circuit
1891–1903