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Brigadier General Henry Alfred Byroade, (July 24, 1913 – December 31, 1993) of Indiana was an American career diplomat. Over the course of his career, he served as the American ambassador to Egypt (1955–1956), South Africa (1956–1959), Afghanistan (1959–1962), Burma (1963–1968), Philippines (1969–1973), and Pakistan (1973–1977).

Henry A. Byroade
Henry Byroade with Nasser.jpg
Ambassador Byroade (right) being received by Egyptian President Gamal Abdel Nasser, 1955
12th United States Ambassador to Pakistan
In office
October 15, 1973 – April 23, 1977
PresidentRichard Nixon
Gerald Ford
Jimmy Carter
Preceded byJoseph S. Farland
Succeeded byArthur W. Hummel, Jr.
United States Ambassador to the Philippines
In office
August 29, 1969 – May 25, 1973
PresidentRichard Nixon
Preceded byG. Mennen Williams
Succeeded byWilliam H. Sullivan
United States Ambassador to Burma
In office
September 10, 1963 – June 11, 1968
PresidentJohn F. Kennedy
Lyndon B. Johnson
Preceded byJohn Scott Everton
Succeeded byArthur W. Hummel, Jr.
9th United States Ambassador to Afghanistan
In office
March 21, 1959 – January 19, 1962
PresidentDwight D. Eisenhower
John F. Kennedy
Preceded bySheldon T. Mills
Succeeded byJohn M. Steeves
United States Ambassador to South Africa
In office
October 9, 1956 – January 24, 1959
PresidentDwight D. Eisenhower
Preceded byEdward T. Wailes
Succeeded byPhilip K. Crowe
United States Ambassador to Egypt
In office
March 7, 1955 – September 10, 1956
PresidentDwight D. Eisenhower
Preceded byJefferson Caffery
Succeeded byRaymond A. Hare
2nd Assistant Secretary of State for Near Eastern, South Asian, and African Affairs
In office
April 14, 1952 – January 25, 1955
PresidentHarry S. Truman
Dwight D. Eisenhower
Preceded byGeorge C. McGhee
Succeeded byGeorge V. Allen
Personal details
BornJuly 24, 1913
Maumee Township, Allen County, Indiana
DiedDecember 31, 1993(1993-12-31) (aged 80)
Potomac, Maryland

Byroade graduated from West Point in 1937 and began as a career Army officer. His first post in army was on the Hawaiian Islands as a member of the Corps of Engineers from 1937 to 1939. The Corps sent him back in 1939 to engineering college. He got his master's degree in civil engineering from Cornell University in 1940 before being stationed at Langley Field, Virginia, helping to form the first aviation engineer regiment. In 1946, at the age of 32, he rose to the rank of Brigadier General. In 1949 he was seconded to the U.S. Department of State, where he headed the Office of German Affairs. In 1952, he made the decision to resign from the Army, and was appointed Assistant Secretary of State for Middle East, South Asia and Africa—a post he held until 1955.

In 1954 he attracted criticism from both Israel and the Arab world for the administration's policy declaration in which he told the Israelis, "You should drop the attitude of a conqueror and the conviction that force is the only policy that your neighbors will understand," and told the Arabs, "You should accept this state of Israel as an accomplished fact."[1] That same year, he referred to Israel's Zionist ideology and its free admission of Jews through the Law of Return as "a legitimate matter of concern both to the Arabs and to the Western countries."[2]

Byroade had been Ambassador to Egypt for more than a year when it was announced that he was being transferred. He was considered a friend of Arab causes but unable, during his Egyptian assignment, to prevent an arms deal between Czechoslovakia and Egypt, or to dissuade the Egyptian government of Gamal Abdel Nasser from expanding its campaigns against the West. Criticism of his effectiveness in Cairo in the Eisenhower Administration led to his reassignment to South Africa. Emanuel Neumann, chairman of the executive of the Zionist Organization of America urged that he be removed from Cairo, claiming he had been an apologist for the Egyptian government.

He retired from the Foreign Service in 1977. He died in December 1993 in Bethesda, Maryland.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Pace, Eric (3 January 1994). "Henry Byroade, 80, Ambassador to Egypt and 5 Other Countries". The New York Times. Retrieved 4 May 2013.
  2. ^ Adelman, Jonathan: The Rise of Israel: A History of a Revolutionary State

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