Henicophaps is a small genus of doves that are endemic to New Guinea and the Bismarck Archipelago. These are stocky pigeons with unusually long heavy bills that live in wet forests and forage primary on the ground.

NovitatesZoologicae18 Pl01.png
New Britain bronzewing, Henicophaps foersteri
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Columbiformes
Family: Columbidae
Subfamily: Columbinae
Genus: Henicophaps
G.R. Gray, 1862
Type species
Henicophaps albifrons
Gray GR, 1862

See text

English zoologist George Robert Gray introduced the genus Henicophaps in 1862 to accommodate the New Guinea bronzewing (Henicophaps albifrons) that had been collected by the naturalist Alfred Russel Wallace on the island of Waigeo, northwest New Guinea.[1] The genus name combines the Ancient Greek henikos meaning "unique" and "phaps" meaning "pigeon".[2]

The genus includes two species.[3]


  1. ^ Gray, George Robert (1861). "Remarks on, and descriptions of, new species of birds lately sent by Mr. A. R. Wallace from Waigiou, Mysol, and Gagie Islands". Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London (Part 3): 427–438 [432]. The title page is dated 1861 but Part 3 was not published until the following year.
  2. ^ Jobling, James A. (2010). The Helm Dictionary of Scientific Bird Names. London: Christopher Helm. p. 190. ISBN 978-1-4081-2501-4.
  3. ^ Gill, Frank; Donsker, David; Rasmussen, Pamela, eds. (2020). "Pigeons". IOC World Bird List Version 10.1. International Ornithologists' Union. Retrieved 16 March 2020.