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Hengshui (pinyin: Héngshuǐ) is a prefecture-level city in southern Hebei province, People's Republic of China, bordering Shandong to the southeast. At the 2010 census its population was 4,340,373 inhabitants whom 522,147 lived in the built-up (or metro) area made of Taocheng urban district.[2] It is on the Jingjiu Railway.

Hengshui
衡水市
Prefecture-level city
Hengshui City Hall, 2007
Location of Hengshui City jurisdiction in Hebei
Location of Hengshui City jurisdiction in Hebei
Hengshui is located in Hebei
Hengshui
Hengshui
Location of the city centre in Hebei
Coordinates: 37°44′N 115°42′E / 37.733°N 115.700°E / 37.733; 115.700
CountryPeople's Republic of China
ProvinceHebei
Area
 • Prefecture-level city8,836.95 km2 (3,411.97 sq mi)
 • Urban (2018)[1]168 km2 (65 sq mi)
 • Metro602.5 km2 (232.6 sq mi)
Population (2010 census)
 • Prefecture-level city4,340,773
 • Density490/km2 (1,300/sq mi)
 • Urban (2018)[1]550,000
 • Urban density3,300/km2 (8,500/sq mi)
 • Metro522,147
 • Metro density870/km2 (2,200/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)
ISO 3166 codeCN-HE-11
License Plate Prefix冀T

Contents

Administrative divisionsEdit

Map
# Name Hanzi Hanyu Pinyin Population (2010 census) Area (km²) Density (/km²)
1 Taocheng District 桃城区 Táochéng Qū 522,147 602.5 867
2 Jizhou District 冀州区 Jìzhōu Qū 362,013 918 394
3 Shenzhou City 深州市 Shēnzhōu Shì 566,087 1,244 455
4 Zaoqiang County 枣强县 Zǎoqiáng Xiàn 391,469 903 4371
5 Wuyi County 武邑县 Wǔyì Xiàn 315,693 830 380
6 Wuqiang County 武强县 Wǔqiáng Xiàn 214,549 442 485
7 Raoyang County 饶阳县 Ráoyáng Xiàn 280,498 573 490
8 Anping County 安平县 Ānpíng Xiàn 328,512 493 666
9 Gucheng County 故城县 Gùchéng Xiàn 487,025 941 518
10 Jing County 景县 Jǐng Xiàn 528,693 1,183 447
11 Fucheng County 阜城县 Fùchéng Xiàn 341,087 698 489

EducationEdit

Hengshui High School and Hengshui University[3] are located in Hengshui.

SightsEdit

 
Hengshui skyline from Hengshui High School, 2011

The Harrison International Peace Hospital is located in Hengshui. This comprehensive teaching and research hospital was named after Dr. Tillson Harrison, a martyr to the Chinese revolution. Dr. Harrison, a Canadian, died in 1947 while transporting medical equipment and supplies. Some of this equipment is on display in an exhibition room in the hospital. The hospital uses both traditional Chinese medicine and modern western diagnostic and therapeutic technology.[citation needed]

The city is renowned as the centre for inside painting, mainly of small snuff bottles. Zhang Rucai was born in Hebei Province and since 1972, he started to learn the art of inside painting. In April 1996, he was conferred the title Master of Chinese Folk Arts & Crafts by UNESCO. The city has a fascinating museum and exhibition of the art of the inside painter - many complex paintings done on the inside of small snuff bottles as well as special larger pieces of glassware.[4]

There is a Buddhist Temple on the outskirts of the city which is well worth a visit, as is the bridge in the old part of the city - one of the few remnants of the old town.

Geography and environmentEdit

Climate data for Hengshui (1981–2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 3.2
(37.8)
7.2
(45)
13.7
(56.7)
21.8
(71.2)
27.4
(81.3)
31.9
(89.4)
32.0
(89.6)
30.5
(86.9)
26.9
(80.4)
21.0
(69.8)
11.8
(53.2)
4.9
(40.8)
19.4
(66.8)
Daily mean °C (°F) −2.7
(27.1)
0.9
(33.6)
7.2
(45)
15.1
(59.2)
20.9
(69.6)
25.7
(78.3)
27.1
(80.8)
25.6
(78.1)
20.9
(69.6)
14.3
(57.7)
5.6
(42.1)
−0.7
(30.7)
13.3
(56)
Average low °C (°F) −7.1
(19.2)
−3.9
(25)
1.9
(35.4)
9.2
(48.6)
14.9
(58.8)
20.0
(68)
22.8
(73)
21.5
(70.7)
16.1
(61)
9.2
(48.6)
0.9
(33.6)
−4.8
(23.4)
8.4
(47.1)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 2.0
(0.079)
5.4
(0.213)
11.4
(0.449)
18.5
(0.728)
37.4
(1.472)
71.3
(2.807)
147.1
(5.791)
116.4
(4.583)
46.1
(1.815)
27.1
(1.067)
11.1
(0.437)
3.1
(0.122)
496.9
(19.563)
Average relative humidity (%) 60 55 53 54 59 60 75 79 72 66 66 64 64
Source: China Meteorological Administration[5]

Air pollutionEdit

According to a survey made by "Global voices China" in February 2013, 7 cities in Hebei including Xingtai, Shijiazhuang, Baoding, Handan, Langfang, Hengshui and Tangshan, are among China's 10 most polluted cities.[6]

ReligionEdit

Hengshui is the seat of the Catholic Diocese of Hengshui.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Cox, Wendell (2018). Demographia World Urban Areas. 14th Annual Edition (PDF). St. Louis: Demographia. p. 22.
  2. ^ "China: Hébĕi (Prefectures, Cities, Districts and Counties) - Population Statistics, Charts and Map". Citypopulation.de. Retrieved 2 October 2017.
  3. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2007-08-03. Retrieved 2007-09-29.
  4. ^ [1] Archived 2011-02-07 at the Wayback Machine.
  5. ^ 中国气象数据网 - WeatherBk Data. China Meteorological Administration. Retrieved 2018-11-09.
  6. ^ Bildner, Eli (February 27, 2013). "Interactive Maps of China's Most–and Least–Polluted Places". Global Voices China. Archived from the original on 3 September 2014. Retrieved 1 September 2014.

Coordinates: 37°44′N 115°42′E / 37.733°N 115.700°E / 37.733; 115.700