The Beijing–Kowloon railway, also known as the Jingjiu railway (simplified Chinese: 京九铁路 or 京九线; traditional Chinese: 京九鐵路 or 京九線) is a railway connecting Beijing West railway station in Beijing to Shenzhen railway station in Shenzhen, Guangdong Province. It is connected with Hong Kong's East Rail across the border which terminates at Hung Hom station (Kowloon station) in Kowloon.
|Locale||Beijing, Hebei, Shandong, Henan, Anhui, Hubei, Jiangxi, Guangdong, Hong Kong|
|Termini||Beijingxi (Beijing West)|
|Opened||1 September 1996|
|Line length||2,311 km (1,436 mi)|
|Track gauge||1,435 mm (4 ft 8+1⁄2 in)|
|Electrification||25 kV, 50 Hz Overhead catenary|
|Operating speed||150–200 km/h (93–124 mph)|
|Alternative Chinese name|
It is a dual-track railway. Construction began in February 1993. It was opened on 1 September 1996, connecting Beijing and Shenzhen (and thereupon with Kowloon through the KCR East Rail) through Tianjin, Hebei, Shandong, Henan, Anhui, Hubei, Jiangxi and Guangdong, with a length of 2,397 kilometres. It has 790 bridges and 160 tunnels. The Jiujiang Yangtze River Bridge, at a length of 7,679 metres, is the longest across the Yangtze River. Located between Jinghu railway (Beijing–Shanghai) and Jingguang railway (Beijing–Guangzhou), it was built to alleviate the congested Jingguang railway, and to foster development in the areas to the east of Jingguang railway.
The idea had been proposed for a long time, and some of the sections, such as the Jiujiang Yangtze River Bridge, were built before construction of the whole line officially began. Some were converted from existing sections, such as between Jiujiang and Nanchang, and Fuyang and Shangqiu.
It multiplexes with the Guangmeishan railway (Guangzhou–Meizhou–Shantou railway) between Longchuan and Dongguan. It joins the Guangshen railway (Guangzhou–Shenzhen railway, formerly the Chinese section of the Kowloon–Canton railway) at Dongguan, and follows the same route. Within Hong Kong, it shares the same pair of tracks with the East Rail line (formerly British section of the Kowloon–Canton railway).
Beijing–Kowloon through train services are currently provided on the Jingguang railway and Guangshen railway, instead of the Jingjiu railway, because Beijing-Kowloon line emphasizes freight traffic and pass through less major cities. Passengers are required to go through customs and immigration checks for the cross-border service.
Electrification of the line between Beijing West and Lehua was completed in May 2010 allowing operating speeds to increase from 160 to 200 km/h with provisions for operation of double-stack container trains.
- "The Jingjiu Railway and Shangjiu Railway". New Orient Express. Archived from the original on 8 August 2007. Retrieved 14 August 2007.
- "北京西至乐化段电气化改造完工-新闻动态". www.shengyueonline.com. Retrieved 11 January 2021.
- "京九铁路（南昌局段）电气化改造工程完成挂网架线". www.gov.cn. Retrieved 16 March 2021.
- "京九铁路将可开行双层集装箱列车_滚动新闻_新浪财经_新浪网". finance.sina.com.cn. Retrieved 16 March 2021.
- "图文：京九北线电气化铁路进行重载货车试运行-搜狐新闻". news.sohu.com. Retrieved 16 March 2021.
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