Beijing–Kowloon railway

The Beijing–Kowloon railway, also known as the Jingjiu railway (simplified Chinese: 京九铁路 or 京九线; traditional Chinese: 京九鐵路 or 京九線) is a railway connecting Beijing West railway station in Beijing to Shenzhen railway station in Shenzhen, Guangdong Province. It is connected with Hong Kong's East Rail across the border which terminates at Hung Hom station (Kowloon station) in Kowloon.

Beijing–Kowloon railway
京九铁路
京九鐵路
China Railways.svg
Shoupakou Level Crossing (20150611155627).JPG
The Shoupakou level crossing of Beijing–Kowloon railway near Guang'anmen, Beijing
Overview
StatusIn operation
LocaleBeijing, Hebei, Shandong, Henan, Anhui, Hubei, Jiangxi, Guangdong, Hong Kong
TerminiBeijingxi (Beijing West)
Hung Hom
Service
TypeHeavy rail
SystemChina Railway
Operator(s)China Railway
History
Opened1 September 1996; 24 years ago (1996-09-01)
Technical
Line length2,311 km (1,436 mi)
Track gauge1,435 mm (4 ft 8+12 in)
Electrification25 kV, 50 Hz Overhead catenary
Operating speed150–200 km/h (93–124 mph)
Route map

km
0
Beijing West
4
Guang'anmen
Beijing
Beijing South
Fengtai
link to Fengtai West marshalling yard
link to Dahongmen freight yard
16
Liying
link from Beijing–Shanghai railway
23
Huangcun
92
Bazhou
147
Renqiu
239
Shenzhou
274
Hengshui
380
Linqing
421
Liaocheng North
426
Liaocheng
484
Taiqian
526
Yuncheng
582
Heze
Shangqiu North
687
Shangqiu South
751
Bozhou
Fuyang North
855
Fuyang
971
Huangchuan
1091
Macheng
1158
Huangzhou
1314
Jiujiang
1327
Jiujiang West
1333
Lushan
1369
De'an
1403
Yongxiu
1449
Nanchang
1477
Xiangtang
Right arrow Xiangtang–Liangjiadu railway to Liangjiadu
1479
Xiangtang West
Left arrow Xiangtang–Tangang railway to Tangang
1487
Sanjiangzhen
1675
Ji'an
1709
Taihe
1854
Ganzhou East
1861
Ganzhou
2009
Dingnan
2102
Longchuan
2177
Heyuan
2257
Huizhou
2311
Dongguan East
Changping
2328
Zhangmutou
2352
Pinghu
2356
Pinghu South
Left arrow Pinghu–Nanshan railway to Shenzhen West
Right arrow Pinghu–Yantian railway to Yantian
Pinghu marshalling yard
2364
Shenzhen East
2368
Sungang
2372
Shenzhen
Guangdong
Hong Kong
2397
Hung Hom
km
Beijing–Kowloon railway
Simplified Chinese京九铁路
Traditional Chinese京九鐵路
Alternative Chinese name
Simplified Chinese京九线
Traditional Chinese京九線

HistoryEdit

 
The façade of Hung Hom station (Hong Kong Coliseum in the background)

It is a dual-track railway. Construction began in February 1993. It was opened on 1 September 1996, connecting Beijing and Shenzhen (and thereupon with Kowloon through the KCR East Rail) through Tianjin, Hebei, Shandong, Henan, Anhui, Hubei, Jiangxi and Guangdong, with a length of 2,397 kilometres. It has 790 bridges and 160 tunnels. The Jiujiang Yangtze River Bridge, at a length of 7,679 metres, is the longest across the Yangtze River.[1] Located between Jinghu railway (Beijing–Shanghai) and Jingguang railway (Beijing–Guangzhou), it was built to alleviate the congested Jingguang railway, and to foster development in the areas to the east of Jingguang railway.

The idea had been proposed for a long time, and some of the sections, such as the Jiujiang Yangtze River Bridge, were built before construction of the whole line officially began. Some were converted from existing sections, such as between Jiujiang and Nanchang, and Fuyang and Shangqiu.

It multiplexes with the Guangmeishan railway (Guangzhou–Meizhou–Shantou railway) between Longchuan and Dongguan. It joins the Guangshen railway (Guangzhou–Shenzhen railway, formerly the Chinese section of the Kowloon–Canton railway) at Dongguan, and follows the same route. Within Hong Kong, it shares the same pair of tracks with the East Rail line (formerly British section of the Kowloon–Canton railway).

Beijing–Kowloon through train services are currently provided on the Jingguang railway and Guangshen railway, instead of the Jingjiu railway, because Beijing-Kowloon line emphasizes freight traffic and pass through less major cities. Passengers are required to go through customs and immigration checks for the cross-border service.

Electrification of the line between Beijing West and Lehua was completed in May 2010 allowing operating speeds to increase from 160 to 200 km/h with provisions for operation of double-stack container trains.[2][3][4][5]

Places servedEdit

 
Beijing–Kowloon railway at the Shangling station in Heping County, Guangdong province

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "The Jingjiu Railway and Shangjiu Railway". New Orient Express. Archived from the original on 8 August 2007. Retrieved 14 August 2007.
  2. ^ "北京西至乐化段电气化改造完工-新闻动态". www.shengyueonline.com. Retrieved 11 January 2021.
  3. ^ "京九铁路(南昌局段)电气化改造工程完成挂网架线". www.gov.cn. Retrieved 16 March 2021.
  4. ^ "京九铁路将可开行双层集装箱列车_滚动新闻_新浪财经_新浪网". finance.sina.com.cn. Retrieved 16 March 2021.
  5. ^ "图文:京九北线电气化铁路进行重载货车试运行-搜狐新闻". news.sohu.com. Retrieved 16 March 2021.

External linksEdit