Helvig of Schauenburg

Helvig of Schauenburg (German: Heilwig von Holstein) (1398–1436)[1] was a duchess of Schleswig and a countess of Holstein from the family of Schauenburg. She was the mother of King Christian I of Denmark and ancestor of the Danish Royal houses of Oldenburg and Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg. [2][3]

Helvig of Schauenburg
Countess of Oldenburg
Hedewig af Holsten (Rosenborg).JPG
Born1398
Died1436 (aged 37–38)
BuriedSt. Lambert's Church in Oldenburg
Noble familyHouse of Schauenburg
Spouse(s)Balthasar of Mecklenburg
Dietrich of Oldenburg
Issue
King Christian I of Denmark
Maurice V of Delmenhorst
Gerhard VI, Count of Oldenburg
Adelheid, Countess of Hohenstein and Mansfeld
FatherGerhard VI of Holstein-Rendsburg
MotherCatherine Elisabeth of Brunswick-Lüneburg

BiographyEdit

She was a daughter of Gerhard VI of Holstein-Rendsburg and his wife, Catherine Elisabeth of Brunswick-Lüneburg. Her brother was Adolf VIII/I, Count of Holstein/Duke of Schleswig. Through their father, they were cognatic descendants of King Eric V of Denmark (1249–1286) while through their mother, they were cognatic descendants of King Abel of Denmark (1218–1252).[4]

On 18 April 1417 Helvig was married to Prince Balthasar of Mecklenburg, who died of the plague in 1421. In 1423 she was married to Dietrich, Count of Oldenburg. From her second marriage she had the following children:

  • Christian I of Denmark (1426–1481), who succeeded his father as Count of Oldenburg and Delmenhorst. In 1448, he was elected King of Denmark. He also inherited the counties of Schleswig and Holstein upon the death of his childless uncle, Adolf VIII.[5]
  • Maurice V of Delmenhorst (1428–1464); when his elder brother became king, he was given the County of Delmenhorst.
  • Gerhard VI of Oldenburg (1430–1500); when his eldest brother had become king, he was given the county of Oldenburg, and from his other brother's heirs he also inherited Delmenhorst in about 1483.
  • Adelheid of Oldenburg (1425–1475); first married Ernest III, Count of Hohenstein (died 1454) and then in 1474 Gerhard VI, Count of Mansfeld (died 1492).

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Britannica Library, Christian I, 2019
  2. ^ "Christian (Christiern) I, 1426-81, Konge". Dansk biografisk Lexikon. Retrieved August 1, 2020.
  3. ^ "King Abel". danmarkskonger.dk. Retrieved August 1, 2020.
  4. ^ "Erik 5. Klipping, 1249-1286". Danmarks Historie. Retrieved August 1, 2020.
  5. ^ "Christian I. (König von Dänemark, Norwegen und Schweden)". Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie. Retrieved August 1, 2020.

Other SourcesEdit

  • "Christian I 2019". Britannica Library. Encyclopaedia Britannica. Retrieved 26 October 2019.
  • Hartmut Platte (2006) Das Haus Oldenburg (Börde-Verlag, Werl) ISBN 3-9810315-4-7

AncestryEdit

Danish royal descentEdit

Valdemar II
Christopher IAbel
Eric VSophie
RichenzaBernhard II
SophieBernhard III
Henry IICatherine
Gerhard VICatherine Elisabeth
Helvig of Schauenburg
House of Oldenburg

See alsoEdit