Heinz Lammerding (27 August 1905 – 13 January 1971) was a German SS officer convicted of war crimes during the Nazi era. During World War II, he commanded the SS Panzer Division Das Reich that perpetrated the Tulle and the Oradour-sur-Glane massacres in occupied France. After the war, Lammerding was convicted in absentia for having ordered the murder of approximately 750 French civilians, but remained protected by Germany after serving a prison sentence there.
|Died||13 January 1971 (aged 65)|
|Known for||Tulle murders |
|Criminal penalty||Death (in absentia)|
|Years of service||1933–1945|
|Commands held||SS Division Das Reich|
|Battles/wars||World War II|
|Awards||Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross|
In 1953, Lammerding was tried in France for war crimes, for ordering two massacres in 1944: at Tulle and at Oradour-sur-Glane. He was sentenced to death in absentia by the court of Bordeaux, but he was never extradited from West Germany nor was he ever sentenced by a German court. According to Danny S. Parker, Lammerding had already been tried in West Germany, convicted of war crimes and had served a prison sentence. He, therefore, was not subject to extradition under the Bonn constitution, much to the consternation of the French. They threatened to send in a commando unit to seize him, as the Israelis did in the case of Adolf Eichmann. However, before this could occur, Lammerding died in 1971 from cancer.
His funeral in 1971 turned into a reunion of over 200 former SS personnel.
- German Cross in Gold on 24 April 1943 as SS-Standartenführer and commander of SS-Regiment "Thule"
- Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross on 11 April 1944 as SS-Oberführer and commander of Kampfgruppe "Das Reich"
- ^ Le maire d'Oradour-sur-Glane : « Il était dénué de toute humanité »[permanent dead link], Le Parisien, 14 August 2007 (in French)
- ^ Parker 2014, p. 386.
- ^ "Oradour: Ort des Schmerzes, 09.06.2014 (Friedensratschlag)". www.ag-friedensforschung.de. Retrieved 2020-11-03.
- ^ Patzwall & Scherzer 2001, p. 266.
- ^ Scherzer 2007, p. 490.
- Parker, Danny S. (2014). Hitler's Warrior: The Life and Wars of SS Colonel Jochen Peiper. Da Capo Press. ISBN 978-0306821547.
- Patzwall, Klaus D.; Scherzer, Veit (2001). Das Deutsche Kreuz 1941 – 1945 Band II [The German Cross 1941 – 1945 Volume 2] (in German). Norderstedt, Germany: Verlag Klaus D. Patzwall. ISBN 978-3-931533-45-8.
- Scherzer, Veit (2007). Die Ritterkreuzträger 1939–1945 [The Knight's Cross Bearers 1939–1945] (in German). Jena, Germany: Scherzers Militaer-Verlag. ISBN 978-3-938845-17-2.