Heiligenkreuz, Lower Austria

Heiligenkreuz (Central Bavarian: Heilingkreiz) is a municipality in the district of Baden, in the Austrian state of Lower Austria. It is known for the Cistercian monastery of Heiligenkreuz Abbey, the associated papal college Benedict XVI and the Catholic Leopoldinum seminary.

Heiligenkreuz
Heilingkreiz
Aerial view of Heiligenkreuz
Aerial view of Heiligenkreuz
Coat of arms of Heiligenkreuz
Heiligenkreuz is located in Austria
Heiligenkreuz
Heiligenkreuz
Location within Austria
Coordinates: 48°3′N 16°8′E / 48.050°N 16.133°E / 48.050; 16.133Coordinates: 48°3′N 16°8′E / 48.050°N 16.133°E / 48.050; 16.133
CountryAustria
StateLower Austria
DistrictBaden
Government
 • MayorJohann Ringhofer
Area
 • Total29.52 km2 (11.40 sq mi)
Elevation
312 m (1,024 ft)
Population
 (2018-01-01)[2]
 • Total1,525
 • Density52/km2 (130/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
2532
Area code02258
Websitewww.heiligenkreuz.at

GeographyEdit

The municipality is located within the Vienna Woods (Wienerwald) mountain range in the southwest of the Austrian capital Vienna. It is part of the Lower Austrian Industrieviertel region. Heiligenkreuz is a stop on the old Via Sacra from Vienna to the pilgrimage site Mariazell in Styria. The local economy largely depends on tourism and forestry.

The municipal area comprises the cadastral communities of Heiligenkreuz and Siegenfeld. In the southeast it borders on the district capital Baden.

HistoryEdit

 
Monastery gate

The village of Siegenfeld in the March of Austria possibly arose around 1040. In 1133 the Babenberg margrave Leopold III established the Heiligenkreuz monastery in the sparsely settled area. Another nearby village, mentioned as Muchersdorf in an 1136 deed, later became abandoned.

Over the centuries, a small settlement grew outside the monastery walls, which was incorporated as the present-day municipality in 1849.

PopulationEdit

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1939987—    
19511,083+9.7%
1961946−12.7%
19711,056+11.6%
19811,105+4.6%
19911,324+19.8%
20011,331+0.5%
20111,520+14.2%

PoliticsEdit

Seats in the municipal assembly (Gemeinderat) as of 2010 local elections:

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Dauersiedlungsraum der Gemeinden Politischen Bezirke und Bundesländer - Gebietsstand 1.1.2018". Statistics Austria. Retrieved 10 March 2019.
  2. ^ "Einwohnerzahl 1.1.2018 nach Gemeinden mit Status, Gebietsstand 1.1.2018". Statistics Austria. Retrieved 9 March 2019.