Headless Cross railway station

Headless Cross railway station[1] or Headlesscross railway station was a station on the Wilsontown, Morningside and Coltness Railway (WM&CR) that served the rural area of Headless Cross near Fauldhouse in West Lothian.[2] The station was located 4 miles 60 chains[3] east of Morningside railway station.

Headless Cross

Headlesscross
Headlesscross Railway Station site.JPG
The site of the station with Knowton Colliery Bing in the background
LocationFauldhouse, West Lothian
Scotland
Coordinates55°48′36″N 3°44′43″W / 55.809976°N 3.745385°W / 55.809976; -3.745385Coordinates: 55°48′36″N 3°44′43″W / 55.809976°N 3.745385°W / 55.809976; -3.745385
Grid referenceNS 907 587
Platforms1
Other information
StatusDisused
History
Original companyWilsontown, Morningside and Coltness Railway
Pre-groupingEdinburgh and Glasgow Railway
Key dates
1847[1]Opened
April 1848Closed to passengers
May 1850Re-opened
December 1852[1]Closed to passengers

The company at first adopted the standard track gauge for mineral lines of 4 ft 6 in, often referred to as Scotch gauge. The Edinburgh and Glasgow Railway took over the WM&CR in 1849, the track gauge already having been changed in August 1847, from the now almost obsolete 4 ft 6 in to the generally accepted standard gauge of 4 ft 8½ in.[4]

Headless Cross station had a single short platform that was accessed off the B715 Headlesscross Road and stood just to the west of the old railway overbridge.[5]

ServicesEdit

 
The Wilsontown, Morningside and Coltness Railway in 1845.

The line was worked by steam although the early intention may have been to work the line as a horse drawn waggonway with independent hauliers.[3]

Sporadic passenger services had started from 1845 and a road coach ran between Edinburgh to the original terminus at Longridge from 16 May 1846, passengers disembarking travelling on by train to Townhead. In 1847 two hours was the railway section of the journey, calling at all the stations on the Wilsontown line.[6]

The Caledonian Railway opened its line from Carlisle to Garriongill Junction in 1848 and its trains then ran through to Glasgow over the WM&CR. The demands on the line's capacity may led to the WM&CR passenger service being terminated at this time before being reinstated for a short time a few years later.[7][8]

The passenger service on the line restarted On 1 October 1864 between Morningside and Bathgate on the 1850 extension, with intermediate stations only however at Blackhall, Crofthead, Bents and Whitburn.[9]

Station site infrastructureEdit

The OS map shows the station site located near the Stane to Fauldhouse road on Headlesscross Road (B715) with an access lane, no clear indication of a platform and no goods yard or signalling.[5] A small square structure was located near to the railway bridge over the road in 1896/97.[10] The WMCR stations had no waiting rooms or shelters.[3]

The 1910 OS map shows the small square structure at the station's site with two signals and a set of points leading to a double track passing loop section with a signal box on the southern side.[11] A footpath runs from the entrance off Headlesscross Road and ran parallel to the track to Knowton Colliery.[11][12] By 1940 the square structure had been removed.[13]

A short tramway, dismantled by 1895, ran up from next to the Lingore Linn and terminated near the old station site.[14]

Preceding station Historical railways Following station
Davies Dyke
Towards Morningside
  Wilsontown, Morningside and Coltness
Wilsontown, Morningside and Coltness line
  Crofthead
Towards Longridge

ReferencesEdit

Notes
  1. ^ a b c Butt (1995), p. 116.
  2. ^ SABRE
  3. ^ a b c Report dated 11 June 1845 in Parliamentary Papers Railway Department, Session: 22 January – 28 August 1846
  4. ^ Knox, Harry (2010). The Story of Bathgate's Railways - 1849 to 2010, Bathgate Historic Conservation Society]
  5. ^ a b Lanark Sheet XIII.8 (Cambusnethan). Survey date: 1859. Publication date: 1864
  6. ^ Thomas, John (1984) revised J S Paterson, A Regional History of the Railways of Great Britain: Volume 6, Scotland, the Lowlands and the Borders, Newton Abbott : David and Charles. ISBN 0-946537-12-7.
  7. ^ Cobb, M.H. (2003). The Railways of Great Britain -- A Historical Atlas. Shepperton : Ian Allan Publishing Limited. ISBN 0-7110-3003-0.
  8. ^ Butt (1995), p. 149.
  9. ^ Butt (1995), p. 71.
  10. ^ Lanarkshire 013.08 (includes: Cambusnethan; Whitburn). Publication date: 1898. Revised: ca. 1896/1897.
  11. ^ a b Lanarkshire Sheet XIII (includes: Cambusnethan; Shotts). Publication date: 1921. Date revised: 1910.
  12. ^ Lanarkshire 013.08 (includes: Cambusnethan; Whitburn). Publication date: 1912. Revised: ca. 1910
  13. ^ Lanarkshire 013.08 (includes: Cambusnethan; Whitburn). Publication date: 1946. Revised: ca. 1940. Levelled: 1943.
  14. ^ Linlithgowshire Sheet XI.SE (includes: Cambusnethan; Shotts; Whitburn). Publication date: 1899. Date revised: 1895.
Sources
  • Butt, R. V. J. (1995). The Directory of Railway Stations: details every public and private passenger station, halt, platform and stopping place, past and present (1st ed.). Patrick Stephens Ltd. ISBN 1-85260-508-1.
  • Cobb, M.H. (2003). The Railways of Great Britain -- A Historical Atlas. Shepperton : Ian Allan Publishing Limited. ISBN 0-7110-3003-0.
  • Thomas, John (1984) revised J S Paterson, A Regional History of the Railways of Great Britain: Volume 6, Scotland, the Lowlands and the Borders, Newton Abbott : David and Charles. ISBN 0-946537-12-7.