Hautes-Alpes (French pronunciation: [ot.z‿alp] ⓘ; Occitan: Auts Aups; English: Upper Alps) is a department in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region of Southeastern France. It is located in the heart of the French Alps, after which it is named. Hautes-Alpes had a population of 141,220 as of 2019, which makes it the third least populated French department. Its prefecture is Gap; its sole subprefecture is Briançon. Its INSEE and postal code is 05.
Auts Aups (Occitan)
|• President of the Departmental Council||Jean-Marie Bernard (LR)|
|• Total||5,549 km2 (2,142 sq mi)|
|Elevation||1,665 m (5,463 ft)|
|Highest elevation||4,101 m (13,455 ft)|
|Lowest elevation||470 m (1,540 ft)|
|• Density||25/km2 (66/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
|^1 French Land Register data, which exclude estuaries and lakes, ponds and glaciers larger than 1 km2|
Hautes-Alpes is one of the original 83 departments created during the French Revolution on 4 March 1790. It consists of the southeast of the former province of Dauphiné and the north of Provence. At the time when the department was created, the two mountain communes of La Grave and Villar-d'Arêne successfully campaigned to be included in Hautes-Alpes and not in the neighbouring department of Isère to which they had originally been assigned. This was because they hoped to benefit from the relative autonomy and certain fiscal privileges enjoyed by the region since the 14th century under the terms of the Statute of the Briançon Escartons.
Napoleon passed through Gap when he returned to reclaim France after his exile on Elba using what is now known as Route Napoléon. After Napoleon's defeat at the Battle of Waterloo, the department was occupied by Austrian and Piedmontese troops from 1815 to 1818.
During World War II, Italy occupied Hautes-Alpes from November 1942 to September 1943.
The department is surrounded by the following French departments: Alpes-de-Haute-Provence, Drôme, Isère and Savoie. Italy borders it on the east with the Metropolitan City of Turin and the province of Cuneo, region of Piedmont.
Hautes-Alpes is located in the Alps mountain range. The average elevation is over 1000 m; the highest elevation is over 4000 m. The only three sizable cities are Gap, Briançon and Embrun, which was a subprefecture until 1926.
The following rivers flow through the department: Durance, Guisane, Buëch, Drac and Clarée. The Durance has been dammed to create one of the largest artificial lakes in Western Europe: the Lac de Serre-Ponçon. The Queyras valley is located in the eastern part of the department and is noted by many as being an area of outstanding beauty.
Principal communes edit
The inhabitants of the department are called Haut-Alpins (masculine) and Haut-Alpines (feminine) in French.
The department is thus one of the most sparsely populated in France. In 2018, it is the third least populated department of metropolitan France, located just after Lozère and Creuse and it is just overtaken by the Territoire de Belfort and Cantal which respectively occupy the fourth and fifth places of the least populated French departments. Despite its low population outside of the empty diagonal, it still having a very low population density of just 25 per square kilometre (65/sq mi).
After reaching a minimum in the 1950s, the population has been growing steadily ever since.
This growth mainly benefits the commune of Gap, which brings together nearly 30% of the inhabitants of the department. It is also significant in most communes in the Durance valley and the two Buëchs.
The extremely mountainous terrain explains the sparse population, which was about 120,000 in 1791. It changed little during the 19th century, but fell to about 85,000 after World War I. Thanks in large part to tourism, the population has risen from 87,436 in 1962 to 141,107 in 2016, principally in the town of Gap.
Population development since 1791:
Departmental Council of Hautes-Alpes edit
|•||The Republicans and Union of Democrats and Independents||22|
|Socialist Party and Radical Party of the Left||8|
Members of the National Assembly edit
|Hautes-Alpes's 1st constituency||Pascale Boyer||La République En Marche!|
|Hautes-Alpes's 2nd constituency||Joël Giraud||La République En Marche!|
The tourist industry is largely dependent on skiing in winter. In summer the Alpine scenery and many outdoor activities attract visitors from across Europe (sailing, hiking, climbing and aerial sports such as gliding). The Tour de France passes through the department regularly. This draws many cycling fanatics to cycle the cols and watch the race.
See also edit
- "Répertoire national des élus: les conseillers départementaux". data.gouv.fr, Plateforme ouverte des données publiques françaises (in French). 4 May 2022.
- "Téléchargement du fichier d'ensemble des populations légales en 2020". The National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies. 29 December 2022.
- Populations légales 2019: 05 Hautes-Alpes, INSEE
- "Historique des Hautes-Alpes". Le SPLAF.
- "Évolution et structure de la population en 2016". INSEE.
- Nationale, Assemblée. "Assemblée nationale ~ Les députés, le vote de la loi, le Parlement français". Assemblée nationale.