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Harutiun Shahrigian (Armenian: Հարություն Մկրտիչի Շահրիկյան; 1860–1915) was an Armenian politician, soldier, lawyer, and author.

Harutiun Shahrigian
H.Shahrikyan.jpg
Native name
Armenian: Յարութիւն Շահրիկեան (Ատոմ)
Birth nameHarutiun Shahrigian Mkrtichi
Nickname(s)Atom, Adom, Nitra
Born1860
Shabin-Karahisar, Ottoman Empire
Died1915 (aged 54–55)
Ankara, Ottoman Empire
Allegiance Dashnaktsutyun
Years of service1880–1915
Battles/warsArmenian national liberation movement
Khanasor Expedition
Armenian–Tatar massacres of 1905–07

Better known by nicknames Atom, (Armenian: Ատոմ), Nitra (Armenian: Նիթրա), he had a prominent role in the Armenian Revolutionary Federation (ARF) and was also a member of the Armenian National Assembly, a lawyer and author of publications on the Armenian Question. He was a victim of the Armenian Genocide.

Contents

BiographyEdit

Haruiun Shahrigian was born in 1860 in Shabin-Karahisar, Sivas Vilayet in the Ottoman Empire—today in Turkey's Giresun Province.[1]

Shahrigian graduated from Galatasaray High School located in Constantinople.[2][3] He continued his studies at the University of Constantinople, graduating with a degree in law in 1880.[2][4]

He settled in Trabzon where he worked as a lawyer from 1889 to 1895.[2][4] During his career he defended Armenians imprisoned for political activity.[5]

He was imprisoned during the Hamidian massacres in 1895.[2] In 1897, after spending thirteen months in prison, he escaped and settled in Batumi, ultimately moving to Tiflis.[1][6] There Shahrigian continued his legal career, working in association with Alexander Mantashev.[1]

 
Harutiun Shahrigian

On 25 July 1897, he left to Salmas, Persia in order to coordinate the Khanasor Expedition organized by the Armenian Revolutionary Federation.[2]

He participated in a 16–26 January 1898 congress of ARF Eastern Bodies members in Tiflis. There he served on the Potorig Committee from 1901 to 1903.[3] Shahrgian and Avetik Sahakyan were responsible for ARF operations in the region of Baku (Voskanapat) and northern regions of Russia.[7][full citation needed]

"The future, then, lies not in fusion – assimilation – but in a policy of unity, or more correctly, in a policy of pluralistic unity. Erase variety in nature, in the universe, make the universe uniform, and you will have erased the beauty of nature, its harmony, its life. Variety in nature, which seems to put every element at odds with another, actually, through harmony, forms the greatness of the perpetual motion of the universe."

 —Harutiun Shahrigian in Mer Havadke (English: Our Credo)[2]

From 1905 to 1906 he organized the transportation and delivery of ammunition to front line positions to assist in self-defense efforts during the Armenian–Tatar massacres of 1905–07.[2][8]

After the Young Turk Revolution of 1908 he moved to Constantinople where he participated in the Armenian National Assembly representing the district of Scutari.[1][6] He was also a contributor to the newspaper Azadamard.[1]

During the Armenian Genocide in 1915 he was deported to Ayas, where he was tortured and ultimately killed in the outskirts of Ankara.[5][6][9]

PublicationsEdit

  • Our Credo, Constantinople, 1910[10]
  • Мarriage Questions, legal and social character, Constantinople, 1912[11]
  • History of Decline of the Ottoman Empire, Turkey, 1913[12]
  • Question of Reforms, Constantinople, 1914[13]
  • National Constitution, Constantinople, 1914[14]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e Walker, Christopher (1980). Armenia, the survival of a nation. Croom Helm. p. 383.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g Habeshian, Vahe. Voices from the Past: Excerpts from Writings of Armenian Revolutionaries. Hairenik Association. ISBN 1-940573-09-2.
  3. ^ a b Tasnapetean, Hrach (1990). History of the Armenian Revolutionary Federation, Dashnaktsutiun, 1890–1924 (PDF). Oemme Edizioni. p. 207. Archived from the original (PDF) on 3 September 2013.
  4. ^ a b Tuncay, Mete (1994). Socialism and nationalism in the Ottoman empire 1876–1923. London: British Academic Press. ISBN 1-85043-787-4.
  5. ^ a b Balakian, Grigoris (2010). Armenian Golgotha: a memoir of the Armenian genocide, 1915–1918 (1st Vintage Books ed.). New York: Vintage Books. p. 63. ISBN 1-4000-9677-4.
  6. ^ a b c Zarakolu, Ragip (24 July 2010). "Basın da geçmişine sansür uyguluyor" (in Turkish). Haber Ruzgari. Archived from the original on 19 October 2013.
  7. ^ ISBN 99930-78-29-8
  8. ^ Kaligian, Dikran Mesrob (2011). Armenian organization and ideology under Ottoman rule, 1908–1914 (Rev. ed.). New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction. p. 245. ISBN 1-4128-4834-2.
  9. ^ Kévorkian, Raymond H. (2010). The Armenian genocide : a complete history (Reprinted ed.). London: I. B. Tauris. p. 525. ISBN 1-84885-561-3.
  10. ^ Fundamental Scientific Library National Academy of Sciences Republic of Armenia Our credo
  11. ^ Fundamental Scientific Library National Academy of Sciences Republic of Armenia Мarriage Questions, legal and social character
  12. ^ Fundamental Scientific Library National Academy of Sciences Republic of Armenia History of decline of the Ottoman Empire, Turkey, since 1913
  13. ^ Fundamental Scientific Library National Academy of Sciences Republic of Armenia Question of reforms
  14. ^ Fundamental Scientific Library National Academy of Sciences Republic of Armenia National constitution

External linksEdit