The Vilayet of Sivas[1] (Ottoman Turkish: ولايت سيوس‎, romanized: Vilâyet-i Sivas;[3]) was a first-level administrative division (vilayet) of the Ottoman Empire, and was one of the Six Armenian vilayets.[4] The vilayet was bordered by Erzurum Vilayet to the east, Mamuretülaziz Vilayet to the south-east, the Trebizond Vilayet to the north and Ankara Vilayet to the west.

ولايت سيوس
Vilâyet-i Sivas'
Vilayet of the Ottoman Empire
Sivas Vilayet, Ottoman Empire (1900).png
The Sivas Vilayet in 1900
• Disestablished
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Rûm Eyalet

At the beginning of the 20th century it had an area of 32,308 square miles (83,680 km2), while the preliminary results of the first Ottoman census of 1885 (published in 1908) gave the population as 996,126.[5] The accuracy of the population figures ranges from "approximate" to "merely conjectural" depending on the region from which they were gathered.[5]


For the early history of the area see Rûm Eyalet.

The Vilayet of Sivas was created in 1867[6] when eyalets were replaced with vilayets under the "Vilayet Law" (Turkish: Teşkil-i Vilayet Nizamnamesi)[7] and was dissolved in 1922 by Atatürk's reorganization.[citation needed]

From 1913 to 1916, Ahmed Muammer was the Vali (governor) of the vilayet, and he has been accused of being complicit in actions against the Armenian population.[8]

Administrative divisionsEdit

Sanjaks of the Vilayet in 1890

Sanjaks of the Vilayet:[9]

  1. Sanjak of Sivas (Sivas, Bünyan, Şarkışla, Hafik, Darende, Divriği, Aziziye, Kangal, Zara, Gürün, Yıldızeli)
  2. Sanjak of Amasya (Amasya, Havza, Mecitözü, Vezirköprü, Gümüşhacıköy, Merzifon, Ladik)
  3. Sanjak of Karahisar-ı Şarki (Şebinkarahisar, Alucra, Hamidiye, Suşehri (Endires till 1875), Koyulhisar)
  4. Sanjak of Tokad (Created from Sivas sanjak in 1880 and gained Erbaa and Zile kazas from Amasya one) (Tokat, Erbaa, Zile, Niksar (Before 1880 it was part of Canik Sanjak of Trabzon Vilayet[10]), Reşadiye)

Not: Reşadiye (İskefsir till 1909) was nahiya center in Hamidiye kaza of Sanjak of Karahisar-ı Şarki till 1906.


  1. ^ a b Geographical Dictionary of the World, p. 1715, at Google Books
  2. ^ "1914 Census Statistics" (PDF). Turkish General Staff. pp. 605–606. Archived from the original (PDF) on 7 October 2011. Retrieved 29 January 2011.
  3. ^ Salname-yi Vilâyet-i Sivas ("Yearbook of the Vilayet of Sivas"), Sivas vilâyet matbaası, Sivas, 1293 [1876]. in the website of Hathi Trust Digital Library.
  4. ^ Kaligian, Dikran Mesrob (2011) Armenian Organization and Ideology Under Ottoman Rule, 1908–1914 (revised edition) Transaction Publishers, New Brunswick, New Jersey, page 152, ISBN 978-1-4128-4245-7
  5. ^ a b Keane, A.H. (1909) Asia (2nd edition) E. Stanford, London, volume 1, page 459, OCLC 22417637
  6. ^ (1897) Devlet-i Aliyye-i Osmaniyye’nin Bin Üçyüz Onüç Senesine Mahsus İstatistik-i Umumîsi, Istanbul(First statistical yearbook for the Ottoman Empire, republished in 1997 as Osmanlı Devleti'nin ilk istatistik yıllığı, 1897 T.C. Başbakanlık Devlet İstatistik Enstitüsü, Ankara, ISBN 978-975-19-1793-5
  7. ^ Kapucu, Naim and Palabiyik, Hamit (2008) Turkish Public Administration: From Tradition to the Modern Age International Strategic Research Organization (USAK), Ankara, page 164, ISBN 978-605-4030-01-9
  8. ^ "on the basis of incriminating telegrams that his dossier referred to as alleged to be translations of Turkish official telegrams."Lewy, Guenter (2005) The Armenian massacres in Ottoman Turkey: a disputed genocide. University of Utah Press, Salt Lake City, Utah, page 125, ISBN 978-0-87480-849-0
  9. ^ Sivas Vilayeti | Tarih ve Medeniyet
  10. ^

External linksEdit

Wilson, Charles William; Hogarth, David George (1911). "Sivas" . In Chisholm, Hugh (ed.). Encyclopædia Britannica. 25 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 163.