Harthamah Shar Bamiyan
Harthamah Shar Bamiyan
|Governor of Yemen|
|Preceded by||Abu al-Ala Ahmad al-Amiri|
|Succeeded by||Ja'far ibn Dinar al-Khayyat|
|Governor of Qinnasrin and Aleppo|
|Governor of Awasim|
Shar Bamiyan was related to the ruling family of Bamiyan, a town in the Hindu Kush whose princes bore the Persian title of sher. Following the conversion of the princes of Bamiyan to Islam in the late eighth century, members of the dynasty had entered into the service of the Abbasids and held influential positions at the caliphal court in Iraq. Shar Bamiyan himself entered into such a career and took up residence in Samarra, where he eventually became part of the entourage of the powerful Turk Itakh and, together with Yazid ibn 'Abdallah al-Hulwani, was known as one of Itakh's closest associates.
During the caliphate of al-Wathiq (r. 842–847) Shar Bamiyan was appointed as Itakh's resident governor of the Yemen, in response to a Yemeni appeal for reinforcements against the rebellion of the Yu'firids. After arriving in the Yemen in early 844, he advanced with his army and placed the Yu'firids under siege at Jabal Dhukhar, but his forces failed to breach the rebel fortress. Seeing that he was making no progress against the insurgents, Shar Bamiyan eventually decided to withdraw and retired to Sana'a, leaving the Yu'firid position intact. The failure of the campaign resulted in his dismissal from office, and he was replaced as governor by Ja'far ibn Dinar al-Khayyat.
- Barthold & Allchin 1960, p. 1009.
- Gordon 2001, pp. 113, 235 n. 75; Al-Tabari 1989, pp. 16 n. 41, 69 harvnb error: no target: CITEREFAl-Tabari1989 (help); Cobb 2001, p. 161 n. 84
- Al-Mad'aj 1988, pp. 216-17; Van Arendonk 1960, pp. 113-14; Al-Tabari 1989, p. 16 harvnb error: no target: CITEREFAl-Tabari1989 (help); Gordon 2001, p. 233 n. 48.
- Cobb 2001, pp. 142, 161 n. 84; Ibn al-'Adim 1996, pp. 43-44.
- Gibb, H. A. R.; Kramers, J. H.; Lévi-Provençal, E.; Schacht, J.; Lewis, B. & Pellat, Ch., eds. (1960). "Bamiyan". The Encyclopaedia of Islam, New Edition, Volume I: A–B. Leiden: E. J. Brill. pp. 1009–1010. OCLC 495469456.
- Cobb, Paul M (2001). White Banners: Contention in 'Abbasid Syria, 750-880. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press. ISBN 0-7914-4879-7.
- Gordon, Matthew S. (2001). The Breaking of a Thousand Swords: A History of the Turkish Military of Samarra (A.H. 200–275/815–889 C.E.). Albany, New York: State University of New York Press. ISBN 0-7914-4795-2.
- Ibn al-'Adim, Kamal al-Din Abi al-Qasim 'Umar ibn Ahmad ibn Hibat Allah (1996). Zubdat al-Halab min ta'rikh Halab (in Arabic). Beirut: Dar al-Kutub al-'Ilmiyyah.
- Al-Mad'aj, Abd al-Muhsin Mad'aj M. (1988). The Yemen in Early Islam (9-233/630-847): A Political History. London: Ithaca Press. ISBN 0863721028.
- Kraemer, Joel L., ed. (1989). The History of al-Ṭabarī, Volume XXXIV: Incipient Decline: The Caliphates of al-Wāthiq, al-Mutawakkil and al-Muntaṣir, A.D. 841–863/A.H. 227–248. SUNY Series in Near Eastern Studies. Albany, New York: State University of New York Press. ISBN 978-0-88706-874-4.
- Van Arendonk, C. (1960). Les Debuts de l'Imamat Zaidite au Yemen (in French). Trans. Jacques Ryckmans. Leiden: E. J. Brill.
Abu al-'Ala' Ahmad al-'Amiri
| Abbasid governor of the Yemen
Ja'far ibn Dinar al-Khayyat