|• Total||6.53 km2 (2.52 sq mi)|
|Elevation||2 m (7 ft)|
|• Density||660/km2 (1,700/sq mi)|
The village was first mentioned in 1530 as Opeyndt. The name Harkema means "settlement of the descendants of Buwe Harkema. In 1972, the name was officially changed from Opeinde to Harkema.
Harkema was originally a peat excavation settlement. The initial linear settlement which mainly consisted of sod houses disappeared in the 18th century, but re-emerged during the 19th century. In 1840, it was home to 484 people. In 1883, a church was opened in a wooden shed, and was replaced in 1891 by a real church. The church was too small, and replaced by the current church in 1913. In the 1960s, Harkema experienced growth and started to attract industry.
Harkema is home to the amateur football club, the Harkemase Boys. Cyclist Pieter Weening, who was the first Frisian to win a stage in the Tour de France, is from Harkema just as another former cyclist pro, Wiebren Veenstra, is.
- "Kerncijfers wijken en buurten 2021". Central Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 29 March 2022.
- "Postcodetool for 9281HA". Actueel Hoogtebestand Nederland (in Dutch). Het Waterschapshuis. Retrieved 29 March 2022.
- Villages Archived 2017-04-22 at the Wayback Machine - Achtkarspelen (in Dutch)
- "Harkema - (geografische naam)". Etymologiebank (in Dutch). Retrieved 29 March 2022.
- "Harkema". Plaatsengids (in Dutch). Retrieved 29 March 2022.
Media related to Harkema at Wikimedia Commons