(Redirected from Hardun)

Stellagama is a monotypic genus of agamid lizard, containing the single species Stellagama stellio,[3][1] also known as the starred agama or the roughtail rock agama.

Stellagama stellio
Roughtail rock agama (Stellagama stellio brachydactyla).jpg
Dana Biosphere Reserve, Jordan
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Reptilia
Order: Squamata
Suborder: Iguania
Family: Agamidae
Genus: Stellagama
Baig, Wagner, Ananjeva & Böhme, 2012
S. stellio
Binomial name
Stellagama stellio
  • Lacerta stellio
    Linnaeus, 1758
  • Agama stellio
    Boulenger, 1885
  • Stellio stellio
    Kasparek, 1990
  • Placoderma stellio
    Kasapidis et al., 1996
  • Laudakia stellio
    Manthey & Schuster, 1999
  • Stellagama stellio
    — Baig et al., 2012

Common namesEdit

Common names for S. stellio include dikenli keler, hardim, hardun, kourkoutas (Cypriot Greek), kourkoutavlos, painted dragon, roughtail rock agama, short-toed rock agama, sling-tailed agama, star lizard, starred agama, and stellion.[citation needed]

Geographic rangeEdit

Stellagama stellio can be found in Greece, Israel, Cyprus, Lebanon, western Asia and northern Egypt; it has also been introduced to Malta.[1]


Stellagama stellio may attain a total length (including tail) of 35 cm (14 in) or slightly longer.[4]

Behaviour and habitatEdit

Like many agamids, S. stellio can change its color to express its mood. It basks on stone walls, rocks, and trees. It is usually found in rocky habitats, and is quite shy, being very ready to dive into cracks to hide from potential predators.[citation needed]


The common name "stellion" comes from Latin stellio, stēlio (stelliōn-, stēliōn-), which referred to any spotted lizard, from stella, star.[citation needed]


There are several subspecies, and S. stellio is likely a species complex.[1] More research will be done, and this species may yet be split into several species.[3]

The following seven subspecies, including the nominotypical subspecies, are recognized as being valid.[2]

Nota bene: A trinomial authority in parentheses indicates that the subspecies was originally described in a genus other than Stellagama.




  1. ^ a b c d Amr ZSS et al. (2012). Stellagama stellio. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2.
  2. ^ a b Species Stellagama stellio at The Reptile Database
  3. ^ a b Baig KJ et al. (2012). "A morphology-based taxonomic revision of Laudakia Gray, 1845 (Squamata: Agamidae)". Vertebrate Zoology 62 (2): 213-260. (Stellagama, new genus, p. 222).
  4. ^ "Stellagama (=Laudakia) stellio daani (Spiny Lizard, Starred Agama or Hardun / Dikenli Keler)".

Further readingEdit

External linksEdit