Hararghe (Amharic: ሐረርጌ Harärge; Harari: ሐረርጌይ Harärgeyi, Oromo: Harargee, Somali: Xararge) was a province of eastern Ethiopia with its capital in Harar.

Location of Hararghe within the Ethiopian Empire

HistoryEdit

The region consisted mostly of the territory of the Emirate of Harar annexed by Menelik in 1887. Including Ethiopia's part of the Ogaden, Haraghe was bounded on west by Shewa, northwest by Wollo Province, northeast by French Somaliland and Somaliland, and on the east by Somalia. Originally however Hararghe included the Sidamo, Bale and Arsi Province until Haile Selassie split the provinces.[1] Hararghe was the historical homeland of the Harla people.[2]

Hararghe was altered as a result of Proclamation 1943/1, which created twelve taklai ghizats from the existing 42 provinces of varying sizes.[3] A comparison of the two maps in Margary Perham, The Government of Ethiopia shows that Hararghe was created by combining the Sultanate of Aussa, the lands of the Karanle, Ogaden, Issa, and Gadabursi with the 1935 provinces of Chercher and Harar.[4]

In 1960, the province south of the Shebelle River was made into its own province, Bale.[5] With the adoption of the new constitution in 1995, Hararghe was divided between the Oromia, Harari, Afar and Somali Regions, forming a large part of the latter.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ History of Harar (PDF). p. 173.
  2. ^ Gebissa, Ezekiel (2004). Leaf of Allah: Khat & Agricultural Transformation in Harerge, Ethiopia 1875-1991. Ohio State University Press. p. 207. ISBN 978-0-85255-480-7.
  3. ^ Selassie, Bereket Habte (1966). "Constitutional Development in Ethiopia". Journal of African Law. 10 (2): 79. ISSN 0021-8553. JSTOR 744683.
  4. ^ Perham, The Government of Ethiopia, second edition (London: Faber and Faber, 1969), maps 1 and 2
  5. ^ Henze, Paul B. (2000). Layers of Time: A History of Ethiopia. Springer. p. 238. ISBN 978-1-137-11786-1.

Coordinates: 8°N 43°E / 8°N 43°E / 8; 43