Hanna Krall

Hanna Krall (born 1935), is a Polish writer with a degree in journalism from the University of Warsaw, specializing among other subjects in the history of the Holocaust in occupied Poland.[1]

Hanna Krall
Hanna Krall.jpg
Born1935
Warsaw, Poland
Occupationnovelist, journalist,
NationalityPolish
Notable awardsHerder Prize, 2005

Personal lifeEdit

Krall is of Jewish origin, the daughter of Salomon Krall and Felicia Jadwiga née Reichold. She was born in Warsaw, Poland,[2] but her date of birth is contested between 20 May 1935 and 20 May 1937.[3] She was four years old, living in Lublin, when the World War II began with the Nazi German invasion of Poland. Krall lost most of her close relatives in the Holocaust, including her mother and father, who died in Majdanek.[4] She survived deportations to death camps only because she was hidden from the Germans by the Polish rescuers.[1] After the war, she stayed in her childhood home in Otwock until going to the University of Warsaw for her education from 1951-1955.

She is married to reporter Jerzy Szperkowicz and together have one daughter, Katarzyna.

CareerEdit

JournalismEdit

After Krall finished her studies in journalism, she started working for the Polish local paper Życie Warszawy ("Warsaw Life") from 1955 to 1966. She debuted her first article In 1966, she left the paper and began to write for the well known magazine Polityka ("Politics"). Shortly after, Wojciech Jaruzelski, then Prime Minister of the former People's Republic of Poland, declared martial law, Krall was forced to leave Polityka. Afterwards, she worked as a freelance writer for the rest of the decade, writing articles for the Catholic newsletter Tygodnik Powszechny[5]. In the early 90s, after the fall of Communism, she started writing articles for the Gazeta Wyborcza, under Adam Michnik.

BooksEdit

During Krall's time working for Polityka, she published her first book named Na wschód od Arbatu ("Heading east from Arbat") in 1972, written after she spent several years as a correspondent in Moscow. The book depicted day-to-day life in Moscow during the 1960s.

Commercial success came with the publication of the 1977 Zdążyć przed Panem Bogiem (engl. title: Shielding the Flame). The book is based on an interview with a Polish Jewish cardiologist and social activist, Marek Edelman, who was one of the founders of Żydowska Organizacja Bojowa (Jewish Combat Organization) and who took over its leadership after the head-commander Mordechai Anielewicz had perished. 'Shielding the Flame can be seen as a model for most of Krall's works. Krall describes the relations between Jews, Poles and Germans during the Holocaust and the years thereafter.

Her most famous success Król kier znów na wylocie ("Chasing the King of Hearts") has been translated into 17 languages an earned many awards since its publication in 2006, including the German Würth Preis for European Literature 2012 and the Found in Translation Award 2014.[6]

 
Pawel Huelle, Hanna Krall and Dorota Nowak discussion at the Literaturomania in Gdańsk, 2009

Apart from the central Holocaust theme, Krall's writings also reflect her search for her own identity, as can be seen very clearly in Dowody na istnienie ("Evidence for Existence"). Another theme in this book is the often complicated destiny of the Polish people in history and the influence of the past on people's lives in the present. Krall was a friend of Krzysztof Kieślowski and Krzysztof Piesiewicz, and inspired Decalogue Number 8 in the series of films made by these two men.

Her publication Widok z okna na pierwszym piętrze (engl. title: View from the Window on the First Floor) was a collaboration for the film Krótki Dzień Pracy (1981) by Kieślowski.[7]

Her works have been translated into many languages and have received the most recognition in Germany and Sweden.[5] She was a member of the Polish Writer's Union (Polish: Związek Literatów Polskich, ZLP) from 1978 to 1983 and the Stowarzyszenie Pisarzy Polskich (Polish Writer's Association) from 1989 to 2020.[8]

List of Publications[9]
Polish Title English title Year/ City of Publication
Gra o moje życie My Life at Stake Warsaw, Polityka, 1968[5]
Na Wschód od Arbatu Heading East from Arbat Warsaw, 1972
Dojrzałość dostępna dla wszystkich Maturity Available for Everyone Warsaw, 1977
Zdążyć przed Panem Bogiem Shielding the Flame Kraków, 1977
Sześć odcieni bieli Six Shades of White Warsaw, 1978
Subloklatorka The Subtenant Paris, 1985
Hipnoza Hypnosis Warsaw, 1989
Trudności ze wstawaniem. Okna. Problems with Getting Up. Windows. Warsaw, 1990
Taniec na cudzym weselu Dancing at Someone Else’s Wedding Warsaw, 1993
Co się stało z naszą bajką What Happened to Our Fairy Tale Warsaw, 1994
Dowody na istnienie Evidence for Existence Poznań, 1996
Tam już nie ma żadnej rzeki There Is No River There Anymore Kraków, 1998
To ty jesteś Daniel So You are Daniel Kraków, 2001
Wyjątkowo długa linia An Exceptionally Long Line Kraków, 2004
Spokojne niedzielne popołudnie A Quiet Sunday Afternoon Kraków, 2004
Król kier znów na wylocie Chasing the King of Hearts Warsaw, 2006
Żal Regret Warsaw, 2007
Różowe strusie pióra Pink Ostrich Feathers Warsaw, 2009
Biała Maria White Maria Warsaw, 2011
Sześć odcieni bieli i inne historie Six Shades of White and Other Stories Warsaw, 2015

AwardsEdit

Krall has been the recipient of many prestigious awards in Poland and across the world including the Underground Solidarity Prize (1985), Herder Prize (2005), the Journalist Laurels of the Polish Journalists' Association (2009), the Gold Medal for Merit to Culture – Gloria Artis (2014), the Julian Tuwim Literary Award (2014),[9] and the Władysław Reymont Literary Prize (2009).[10] She was also nominated for the Nike Literary Award for Tam już nie ma żadnej rzeki (1998) and Wyjątkowo długa linia (2004) and the Angelus Central European Literary Award for Król kier znów na wylocie (2007)[10].

NotesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Hanna Krall". Miejsce dla Wybitnych.pl. 2014. Archived from the original on 4 September 2014. Retrieved 4 September 2014.
  2. ^ Współcześni polscy pisarze i badacze literatury. Słownik biobibliograficzny, pod red. Jadwigi Czachowskiej i Alicji Szałagan. Warszawa 1996. Tom 4. ISBN 83-02-05974-9, s. 363
  3. ^ "Hanna Krall | Jewish Women's Archive". jwa.org. Retrieved 2019-03-28.
  4. ^ "Hanna Krall". dzieje.pl (in Polish). Retrieved 2020-11-20.
  5. ^ a b c "Hanna Krall". Jewish Women's Archive. Retrieved 2020-11-20.
  6. ^ "Books: Chasing the King of Hears". English Pen. Retrieved March 25, 2019.
  7. ^ ""Widok z okna na I piętrze" – monolog". Archiwum Twórczości Krzysztofa Kieślowskiego (in Polish). 2019-02-18. Retrieved 2020-11-20.
  8. ^ "Rezygnujemy z członkostwa w Stowarzyszeniu Pisarzy Polskich". Zeszyty Literackie (in Polish). 2020-08-14. Retrieved 2020-11-20.
  9. ^ a b "Hanna Krall". Culture.pl. Retrieved 2020-11-20.
  10. ^ a b "Guests - Hanna Krall - Conrad Festival". Conrad Festival. Retrieved 2020-11-20.

ReferencesEdit

  • Adamczyk-Garbowska, Monika. "Hanna Krall." Jewish Women: A Comprehensive Historical Encyclopedia. 1 March 2009. Jewish Women's Archive. August 22, 2009