Hanibal Lucić (Croatian pronunciation: [xǎnibal lûtsitɕ]) or Annibale Lucio (c. 1485 – 14 December 1553) was a Croatian Renaissance poet and playwright, author of the first secular drama in Croatian.[1][2]

Hanibal Lucić
Portrait of Hanibal Lucić
Portrait of Hanibal Lucić
Hvar, Republic of Venice
Died14 December 1553 (aged 68)
Venice, Republic of Venice
OccupationPoet, playwright
Literary movementRenaissance
Notable worksRobinja
Jur nijedna na svit vila

Biography edit

He was born to a Dalmatian noble family of Antun and Goja in Hvar, where he spent most of his life. Early in his youth, he was a judge and later became a lawyer of the Hvar municipality.[3] As a witness of the Hvar Rebellion in 1510, he was forced to flee to Trogir and Split as he resisted the demands of the commoners.[4] He had a disparaging stance towards the lower rebel peasantry, referring to them as "a bunch who have no thought".[citation needed]

His early literary work became associated with the translations of Ovid's work (Croatian:"iz latinske odiće svukavši u našu harvacku priobukal"[5]). His writings are primarily recorded to be written in the Southern Čakavian dialect. He wrote the drama (Robinja, the first South Slavic secular-themed play.[6] His love poetry was influenced by Francesco Petrarca,[7] but the Croatian folklore is also included in his work. His admiration towards the feminine figure plays an important role in most of his poems.

He was prone to self-criticism and had most of his work burned; the rest was salvaged and later published by his son Antonij.[4] A collection of his work was published in 1556 (Skladanja).[3]

References edit

  1. ^ Greene, Roland; Cushman, Stephen (2016). The Princeton Handbook of World Poetries. Princeton University Press. p. 136. ISBN 9781400880638.
  2. ^ Guldescu, Stanko (1970). The Croatian-Slavonian Kingdom: 1526–1792. The Hague: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG. p. 280. ISBN 9783110881622.
  3. ^ a b Thomas, David; Chestworth, John A., eds. (2015). Christian-Muslim Relations. A Bibliographical History. Volume 7 Central and Eastern Europe, Asia, Africa and South America (1500-1600). BRILL. p. 355. ISBN 9789004298484.
  4. ^ a b "Hanibal Lucić". hrt.hr. Croatian radiotelevision. Archived from the original on 20 December 2008.
  5. ^ "Poezija". Archived from the original on November 8, 2010.
  6. ^ Isakovic, Zlatko (2019). Identity and Security in Former Yugoslavia. Routledge. p. 59. ISBN 9781351733502.
  7. ^ McDonald, Gordon C. (1973). Area Handbook for Yugoslavia. U.S. Government Printing Office. p. 179.

External links edit