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Hanibal Lucić (Croatian pronunciation: [xǎnibal lûtsitɕ]) or Annibale Lucio (c. 1485 – 14 December 1553) was a Croatian Renaissance poet and playwright.

Hanibal Lucić
Portrait of Hanibal Lucić
Portrait of Hanibal Lucić
Born1485
Hvar, Republic of Venice
Died14 December 1553 (aged 68)
Venice, Republic of Venice
OccupationPoet, playwright
NationalityCroatian
PeriodRenaissance
Literary movementRenaissance
Notable worksRobinja
Jur nijedna na svit vila

BiographyEdit

He was born to a Croatian noble family of Antun and Goja in Hvar, where he spent most of his life. Early in his youth, he was a judge and later became a lawyer of the Hvar municipality. As a witness of the Hvar Rebellion in 1510, he was forced to flee to Trogir and Split due to his disparaging stance towards the lower rebel peasantry. He referred to them as "a bunch who have no thought".

His early literary work became associated with the translations of Ovid's work (Croatian:"iz latinske odiće svukavši u našu harvacku priobukal"[1]). His writings are primarily recorded to be written in the Southern Čakavian dialect. He wrote drama (Robinja, the first secular-themed play in history of Croatian literature) and love poetry, under heavy influence of Francesco Petrarca, but the Croatian folklore is also included in his work. His admiration towards the feminine figure plays an important role in most of his poems.

He was prone to self-criticism and had most of his work burned; the rest was salvaged and later published by his son Antonij.

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