This article may contain excessive or inappropriate references to self-published sources. (February 2022)
|Hagere Selam massacre|
|Part of Tigray War|
|Location||Hagere Selam (Tigrinya: ሃገረ ሰላም), Tigray Region, Ethiopia|
|Date||4-5 December 2020|
|Perpetrators|| Ethiopian National Defence Force |
Eritrean Defence Forces
In Hagere Selam, where Belgian physical geographer Jan Nyssen has a secondary residence, Nyssen reported extrajudicial killings of 60 civilians during 4–5 December 2020 by the ENDF and EDF. The EDF then looted Hagere Selam during two days, including Nyssen's house, from which his fridge, bed, clothes, plastic basins and other goods were stolen.
Typical massacres committed by Ethiopian and Eritrean soldiers in the Tigray war are (1) revenge when they lose a battle; (2) to terrorise and extract information about whereabouts of TPLF leaders; (3) murder of suspected family members of TDF fighters; and (4) terrorising the Tigray society as a whole such as in case of mass killings in churches. According to Europe External Programme with Africa (EEPA), the executions are interpreted as revenge for the EDF having lost a battle against Tigray People's Liberation Front (TPLF) forces.
The inhabitants interpreted the identity of the perpetrators as Eritrean and Ethiopian soldiers.
- Annys, S., Vanden Bempt, T., Negash, E., De Sloover, L., Nyssen, J., 2021. Tigray: Atlas of the humanitarian situation, Annex A[self-published source]
- Nyssen, Jan (2021). "The situation in Tigray at the beginning of 2021". ResearchGate. Archived from the original on 2021-01-14. Retrieved 2021-01-14.[self-published source]
- Tigray Defence Forces, a military structure that came into existence during the Tigray War, consisting of a merger of Special Forces of the Tigray Regional Government, defected soldiers of the Ethiopian National Defense Force, local militia, members of Tigrayan political parties (TPLF, National Congress of Great Tigray, Salsay Weyane Tigray, Tigray Independence Party, ...) and numerous youth who fled to the mountains.
- The World radio (2 April 2021): Counting the victims in Tigray
- "Situation Report EEPA HORN No. 33 – 22 December" (PDF). Europe External Programme with Africa. 2020-12-22. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2021-01-12. Retrieved 2021-01-14.
- TGHAT, A compilation of the verified list of civilian victims from different sources[self-published source]
- EuroNews, 2 April 2021 – See film embedded in the news item: G7 'seriously concerned' about human rights violations in Ethiopia's Tigray region
- CBC, 2 April 2021: As It Happens: The Friday Edition (from 28:00 to 35:30) Tigray, Ethiopia Massacre
- The Guardian, 2 April 2021: Ethiopia: 1,900 people killed in massacres in Tigray identified
- France24, 18 March 2021: UN rights chief agrees to joint Tigray probe
- DW, 19 March 2021: Fact check: Are other nations involved in the war in Tigray?