Hadji Muhammed

Hadji Muhammed is an archaeological site in Southern Iraq which gives its name to a style of painted pottery and the early phase of what is the Ubaid culture.[1] The pottery is painted in dark brown, black or purple in an attractive geometric style. Sandwiched between the earliest settlement of Eridu and the later "classical" Ubaid style, the culture is found as far north as Ras Al-Amiya. The Hadji Muhammed period saw the development of extensive canal networks from major settlements.[2] Irrigation agriculture, which seems to have developed first at Choga Mami (4700–4600 BC) and rapidly spread elsewhere, from the first required collective effort and centralised coordination of labour. Buildings were of wattle and daub or mud brick.[3] Joan Oates has suggested on the basis of continuity in configurations of certain vessels, despite differences in thickness of others that it is just a difference in style, rather than a new cultural tradition [4]

Hajji Muhammad
Hadji Muhammed is located in Iraq
Hadji Muhammed
Shown within Iraq
Hadji Muhammed is located in Near East
Hadji Muhammed
Hadji Muhammed (Near East)
Alternative nameHadji Muhammed, Haggi Muhammad
LocationAl Muthanna Governorate, Iraq
RegionLower Mesopotamia
Coordinates31°19′27.77″N 45°38′11.47″E / 31.3243806°N 45.6365194°E / 31.3243806; 45.6365194Coordinates: 31°19′27.77″N 45°38′11.47″E / 31.3243806°N 45.6365194°E / 31.3243806; 45.6365194
Typearchaeological site, tell, type site
PeriodsUbaid period
Site notes
Excavation dates1937–1939


  1. ^ Kipfer, Barbara Ann (2002) "Encyclopedic dictionary of archaeology" (Springer)(p225)
  2. ^ Kurt, Amélie (1996), "Ancient near East" Vol.1 (Routledge History of the Ancient World)Routledge (31 Dec 1996) ISBN 978-0-415-01353-6 p.22
  3. ^ Mellaart, James (1976), "Neolithic of the Near East" (Macmillan)
  4. ^ Fischer, Richard James (2007), "Historical Genesis: from Adam to Abraham" (University Press of America) p.33