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Coordinates: 33°53′00″N 45°27′00″E / 33.883330°N 45.449990°E / 33.883330; 45.449990 Choga Mami is a Samarran settlement site in Diyala province in Southern Iraq in the Mandali region.[1] It shows the first canal irrigation in operation at about 6000 BCE. It is no longer clear which way cultural developments were flowing in the 6500 to 4500 BCE period.[2][3][4]

The site, about 70 miles northeast of Baghdad, has been dated to the late 6th millennium BCE. It was occupied in several phases from the Samarran culture to the Ubaid. Buildings were rectangular and built of mud brick, including a guard tower at the settlement's entrance. Irrigation supported livestock (cattle, sheep and goats) and arable (wheat, barley and flax) agriculture.[4]

Artifacts found at Choga Mami include Samarran painted pottery and elaborate clay female figurines.[4]

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Helbaek, Hans, "Samarran Irrigation Agriculture at Choga Mami in Iraq", Iraq, Vol. 34, No. 1, Spring, 1972
  2. ^ Yoffee, Norman and Clark, Jeffery J. (eds) (1993), "Early Stages in the Evolution of Mesopotamian Civilization: Soviet Excavations in Northern Iraq", (The University of Arizona Press, Tucson)
  3. ^ Potts, Daniel (1997), "Mesopotamian Civilization: The Material Foundation", (Cornell University Press, Ithaca, New York)
  4. ^ a b c "031. Choga Mami (ancient name unknown)". Iraq. US Department of Defense. Retrieved 15 March 2014. 


  • Joan Oates, A Radiocarbon Date from Choga Mami, Iraq, vol. 34, no. 1, pp. 49–53, 1972