|Born||1946 (age 74–75)|
Studies and medical careerEdit
Mangal is a medical doctor, who also has a doctorate in Social Sciences. According to a profile in the Pajhwok Afghan News his secondary education was at the Rahman Baba Higher Secondary School, and his medical education was at Kabul Medical University. The profile doesn't state where or when he earned his doctorate in Social Science.
He joined the People's Democratic Party of Afghanistan (PDPA) in 1964, when he was 18 years old. According to his profile in the Pajhwok Afghan News he worked as an activist for the party from 1964 to 1981. He helped found the Students' Movement at Kabul University in 1972 and 1973. He was imprisoned for his student union activities. He was imprisoned again in 1977-1978. The Pajhwok Afghan News profile attributed this second imprisonment to "political reasons", and to "intra-party differences". In 1979 he became a member of the PDPA's Central Committee.
From 1980 to 1986 Mangal held senior diplomatic posts. In 1986 he participated in a Constitutional Loya Jirga as a representative of Paktia. From 1987 to 1991 he represented Paktia in the Wolesi Jirga, the upper house of Afghanistan's National Legislature.
When the DPPA's administration of Afghanistan fell in 1992 he traveled to the Netherlands, where he remained until 2009. According to his Pajhwok Afghan News profile, he was active in the Afghan expatriate community in the Netherlands.
According to his Pajhwok Afghan News profile, he was Afghanistan's ambassador to the Soviet Union and non-resident ambassador to Finland, Romania and Cyprus, from 1980 to 1986. The administration of Dr. Najibullah he served had asked for military aid, to fight internal opposition, from the Soviet Union in 1979, and has been described[who?] as puppet government.
Presidential candidacy, 2009Edit
- "Contender Biographies - Mahbob-U-lah Koshani's Biography". Pajhwok Afghan News. Archived from the original on 2011-10-08. Retrieved 2010-06-09. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- "Preliminary Result of Afghanistan Presidential Contest". Sabawoon online. 2009-08-20. Archived from the original on 2009-08-03. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)