Open main menu

Kabul University (KU) (Pashto دکابل پوهنتون Da Kābul Pohantūn / Dari دانشگاه کابل Daneshgah-e Kābul)[1][2] is one of the major and oldest institutions of higher education in Afghanistan. It is located in the 3rd District of the capital Kabul, near the Ministry of Higher Education. It was founded in 1931 during the government of Mohammed Nadir Shah and then Prime Minister Mohammad Hashim Khan

Kabul University
(Pashto) دکابل پوهنتون Da Kābul Pohantūn
(Dari) دانشگاه کابل Daneshgah-e Kābul
University of Kabul Logo.png
Latin: Universitas Cabulensis
MottoExcellence in Service to Afghanistan
Established1932 (87 years ago) (1932)
ChancellorHamidullah Farooqi
ColorsBlack, red, and green             

Kabul University is attended by approximately 22,000 students. Of these, nearly 40% are female students. The mission of Kabul University is to mature and prosper as an internationally recognised institution of learning and research, a community of stakeholders committed to shared governance, and a centre of innovative thought and practice.



Biology class during the late 1950s or early 1960s.

Kabul University was established in 1931 during the reign of Mohammed Nadir Shah and then Prime Minister Mohammad Hashim Khan, opening its doors one year later to students from across the country. It benefitted from partnerships with the governments of France, Germany, Russia, and the United States.[3]

In the 1960s foreign-educated scholars populated the campus, exposing the new generation to new topics such as communism, feminism and capitalism. Students influenced during this era included Ahmad Shah Massoud, Gulbuddin Hekmatyar, Dr. Faiz Ahmad, and Saydal Sokhandan.

Many different political groups were influenced in the university such as Khalqists, Parchamites, Sholayees, and Ikhwanists.

In a clash between Ikhwanis and Sholayees, a poet named Saydal Sokhandan was killed by Gulbuddin Hekmatyar in the 1970s. Saydal was fired upon and shot by Gulbuddin during an argument.[4]

During the governance of the People's Democratic Party of Afghanistan (PDPA), Kabul University lost several lecturers and staff.[citation needed] The majority of the university's faculty left during the ten-year period of unrest or civil war that followed after the fall of the PDPA government in 1992. The area around the university and Karte Char was a major battleground in the Afghan Civil War (1992-96).


Zalmay Khalilzad and Ashraf Ghani visiting the Kabul University in 2005

After the removal of the Taliban government in late 2001, the international community focused on rebuilding the educational institutions in Afghanistan. By January 2004 the campus had only 24 computers. As part of its recovery program the university has established partnerships with four foreign universities, including Purdue University and the University of Arizona. Furthermore, the Information Technology Center was founded in 2002 with the cooperation of German Academic Exchange Service (DAAD) and Technical University of Berlin. The number of students in higher education had increased across the country from 22,717 in 2002 to 56,451 in 2008. By 2008, the Kabul Univerisity was attended by 9,660 students, 2,336 (24%) of them being women.

It was reported in 2007 that Iran donated funds to the university's dentistry faculty and donated 25,000 books. The main library of Kabul University was built by the United States, which is the best-equipped library in Afghanistan. It is equipped with computers, books and magazines. Nancy Dupree, wife of Louis Dupree, was the Director of the Afghanistan Center at the university.

In 2008, the campus of Kabul University was provided with local network facilities by the Information Technology center of Kabul University (ITCK).[5] Each building is connected to the campus network and is provided with the internet connection from a fiber optic backbone. The Voice over IP (VoIP) technology was also part of the networking project, which improved the quality telephone communication at the university level.


  • The Faculty of Environment Science have Three Departments: Department of Environmental Protection, Department of Natural Resources and Management and Department of Natural Disaster Management.[6]
  • The Faculty of Law and Political Sciences has four departments: Department of public law, Department of criminal law, Department of private law and Department of International Relation.[7]
  • The Faculty of Computer Science has four departments: Software engineering department, Computer science department, Information technology department and Information system department.[8]
  • The Faculty of Economic has two shifts students (day and night), five active departments, three future planned departments. The day shifts’ departments are: Finance Department, Enterprise Management Department, Econometric and Statistic Department, National Economies Department, Management Information Systems Department, Counting Department (Future Plan), Money and Banking Department (Future Plan) and Economic Development Department (Future Plan). The night shifts’ departments are: Finance Department, Enterprise Management Department and National Economics Department.[9]
  • The Faculty of Science has four departments: Department of biology, Department of mathematics, Department of Chemistry and Department of physics.[10]
  • The Faculty of Engineering has five departments: Mechanical engineering department, Electrical & electronics engineering department, Architectural department, Energy engineering department and Civil engineering department.[11] An estimated 600 students are taking classes there.
Kabul University Engineering Faculty
  • The Faculty of Pharmacy has five departments: Department of Pharmacology-Toxicology, Department of Pharmaceutics, Department of Pharmacognosy, Department of Microbiology and Department of Biochemistry-Nutrition. It has eight laboratories.[12] An estimated 400 students are taking classes there.
  • The Faculty of Agriculture has six departments: Agronomy Department, Economics and Agricultural Extension Department, Forestry & Natural Resources Department, Department of Soil Science and Irrigation, Horticulture Department, and Plant Protection Department.[13]
  • The Faculty of Veterinary Medicine has five departments: Department of Animal Production, Department of Para clinic, Department of Clinic, Department of Preclinical, and Department of food Hygiene and Technology.[14]
  • The Faculty of Journalism has two departments: Radio &TV Department and Press Department.[15]
  • The Allama Iqbal Faculty of Arts built at a cost of around $10 million by neighboring country Pakistan, was established in 2010. The building contains 28 classrooms, two seminar-halls, a library, two computer labs, 20 faculty offices. It covers an area of 143,379 square feet (13,320.3 m2). Afghan and Pakistani officials inaugurated the building in July 2010.
  • The Faculty of Language and Literature have ten Departments: Pashto Language and Literature Department, Dari Language and Literature Department, The English Department, Russian Language Department, German Language Department, Turkish Language Department, Department of French Language, Arabic Language Department, Spanish Language Department and Chinese Language Department.[16]
  • The Faculty of Fine Arts have six Departments: Sculpture Department, Painting Department, Graphic Department, Theatre Department, Music Department, playwright and screenwriting Department.[17]
  • The Faculty of Islamic Studies have eight Departments: Religious Jurisprudence, Principles of Islamic Jurisprudence, Belief and Philosophy, Narrations of Prophet, Interpretation of Quran, Manner and Eloquence, Preaching of Islam and Islamic Culture.[18]
  • The Faculty of Social Science have three Departments: Archaeology and Anthropology Department, Philosophy Department and History Department.[19]
  • Psychology and Educational Science Faculty has six departments: Education, Psychology, Administration, Management, Advisor and Instruction.[20]

Faculty of Computer ScienceEdit

The faculty of Computer Science was separated from faculty of Natural Sciences in 2008. At that time the faculty had 17 lecturers, 215 students, 3 modern and equipped laboratories, one library, examination centre for long-distance exams, and was part of the CISCO regional project. The faculty has started lectures with three departments namely software engineering, information system and technology and database in 2010. The computer sciences faculty has close contacts with the University of Maryland, University of Washington, University of Cape Town, Technical University of Berlin and the computer sciences department of all domestic universities. The graduates of the faculty can work in information technology centers of all governmental and non-governmental organizations.[21]

National Centre for Policy ResearchEdit

The National Centre for Policy Research was established at Kabul University by the Ministry of Higher Education and Konrad Adenauer Foundation in 2003, and includes faculty in the departments of Law and Politics, Economics, and Social Science.[22][23]


In 1992, the library held 200,000 books, 5,000 manuscripts, 3,000 rare books, periodicals, photographs and calligraphic specimens. Following a civil war, most materials were sold in book markets, burnt, destroyed, or lost.[24] It served as the National Library of Afghanistan.

Notable alumniEdit

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Wiegand, Wayne A.; Davis, Donald G., Jr., eds. (1994). Encyclopedia of Library History. Garland Publishing, Inc. p. 18. ISBN 978-1135787578. The major academic libraries were established at the Kabul University, Pohantoon-e- Kabul (1932), and the (...)
  2. ^ International Handbook of Universities. Macmillan Publishers Limited. 1993. p. 1. Pohantoon-e-Kabul. Aliabad, Kabul Telephone: 40341-3 President: (...)
  3. ^ "Tunes of hope at Kabul University". BBC News. 6 December 2001.
  4. ^ - Glossary of Names and Terms mentioned in the Historical Overview Archived 16 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine
  5. ^ [1] Archived 17 August 2011 at the Wayback Machine
  6. ^ "Educational Program". Kabul University. Retrieved 10 November 2018. Faculty of environment science is established with three main departments, such as Environmental Protection, Natural Resources and Management, and Natural Disaster Management. General Science
  7. ^ "Brief history of the law and political sciences faculty". Kabul University. Retrieved 10 November 2018.
  8. ^ "Brief history of Computer Science". Kabul University. Retrieved 10 November 2018.
  9. ^ "A Brief Introductionto Economics Faculty". Kabul University. Retrieved 10 November 2018.
  10. ^ "Science". Kabul University. Retrieved 10 November 2018.
  11. ^ "Engineering". Kabul University. Retrieved 10 November 2018.
  12. ^ "Pharmacy". Kabul University. Retrieved 10 November 2018.
  13. ^ "Agriculture". Kabul University. Retrieved 10 November 2018.
  14. ^ "Veterinary Medicine". Kabul University. Retrieved 10 November 2018.
  15. ^ "Journalism". Kabul University. Retrieved 10 November 2018.
  16. ^ "Language and Literature". Kabul University. Retrieved 11 November 2018.
  17. ^ "Brief History of the Fine Arts Faculty of Kabul University". Kabul University. Retrieved 11 November 2018.
  18. ^ "Future Plan". Kabul University. Retrieved 11 November 2018.
  19. ^ "Social Science". Kabul University. Retrieved 11 November 2018.
  20. ^ "History of Faculty". Kabul University. Retrieved 11 November 2018. Psychology and Educational Science Faculty has four departments: Education, Psychology, Administration and Management and in 2013 department of Advisor and Instruction will also be added.
  21. ^ "Brief history of Computer Science Faculty of Kabul University". Islamic Republic of Afghanistan Ministry of Higher Education Kabul University. Archived from the original on 19 June 2012. Retrieved 17 June 2012.
  22. ^ "Activities of Policy Research National Center of Kabul University," Kabul University website Archived 22 October 2012 at the Wayback Machine (accessed 2 January 2013)
  23. ^ National Centre for Policy Research website (accessed 2 January 2013)
  24. ^ The Situation of Kabul University Library: Its Past and Present Archived 5 November 2011 at WebCite

External linksEdit