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HMS Tenacious was a T-class destroyer of the Royal Navy that saw service during the Second World War. She was built by Cammell Laird, of Birkenhead and launched on 24 March 1943.

HMS Tenacious underway on the River Mersey, c1943 (IWM)
HMS Tenacious underway on the River Mersey, c1943 (IWM)
History
United Kingdom
Name: HMS Tenacious
Ordered: March 1941
Builder: Cammell Laird, Birkenhead
Laid down: 3 December 1941
Launched: 24 March 1943
Commissioned: 30 October 1943
Renamed: Ordered as HMS Tempest, renamed before being launched
Identification: Pennant number: R45 (later F44)
Honours and
awards:
Fate: Arrived for scrapping in June 1965
Badge: On a field White a bulldog's face proper.
General characteristics as T–class
Class and type: T-class destroyer
Displacement:
  • 1,710 long tons (1,737 t) - 1,730 long tons (1,758 t) (standard nominal)
  • 1,780 long tons (1,809 t) - 1,810 long tons (1,839 t) (actual)
  • 2,505 long tons (2,545 t) - 2,545 long tons (2,586 t) (deep load)
Length:
  • 339 ft 6 in (103.48 m) pp
  • 362 ft 9 in (110.57 m) oa
Beam: 35 ft 8 in (10.87 m)
Draught: 14 ft 2 in (4.32 m)
Propulsion:
  • 2 shaft Parsons geared turbines
  • 2 Admiralty 3-drum boilers
  • 40,000 shp (30,000 kW)
Speed: 36.75 knots (42.29 mph; 68.06 km/h)
Complement: 180-225
Armament:
General characteristics as Type 16
Class and type: Type 16 frigate
Displacement:
  • 1,800 long tons (1,800 t) standard
  • 2,300 long tons (2,300 t) full load
Length: 362 ft 9 in (110.57 m) o/a
Beam: 37 ft 9 in (11.51 m)
Draught: 14 ft 6 in (4.42 m)
Propulsion:
  • 2 × Admiralty 3-drum boilers
  • Steam turbines, 40,000 shp
  • 2 shafts
Speed: 32 knots (37 mph; 59 km/h) full load
Complement: 175
Sensors and
processing systems:
  • Type 293Q target indication Radar
  • Type 974 navigation Radar
  • Type 1010 Cossor Mark 10 IFF
  • Type 146B search Sonar
  • Type 147 depth finder Sonar
  • Type 162 target classification Sonar
  • Type 174 attack Sonar
Armament:
  • 1 × twin 4 in gun Mark 19
  • 1 × twin 40 mm Bofors gun Mk.5
  • 5 × single 40 mm Bofors gun Mk.9
  • 2 × Squid A/S mortar
  • 1 × quad 21 in (533 mm) tubes for Mk.9 torpedoes

War ServiceEdit

Ship served from 1943 to 1944 in the Mediterranean (where she shared sinking of U-boat U-453 and also several E-boats), and the Aegean and Greek islands. Also took part in the liberation of France as support bombardment for invasion of South of France July-August 1944. Drafted to serve in East Indies Fleet, as part of the escort force of the 21st Aircraft Carrier Squadron in 1944-5, against Japanese, then came under command of 3rd US Pacific fleet (Admiral Halsey), and given a temporary pennant number D46 to enable identification by US naval forces. Took part in bombardment of Truk in the Caroline Islands and bombardment of Japan, HMS Tenacious was part of the fleet assembled to witness surrender of Japanese in Tokyo harbour, then repatriation of POWs from Hammamatsu. Continued to serve in Australian waters and South China sea and rescued 6 RAAF personnel in S China Sea, who had ditched their DC3 aircraft after both engines failed, on 4 January 1946. She returned to Devonport in 1946 and was mothballed for future use .

Postwar serviceEdit

Between 1946 and 1949 Tenacious was held in reserve at Devonport. On 23 January 1949 she arrived in Mersey for a refit and in November of that year was commissioned as a target ship for the 3rd Submarine Flotilla at Rothesay.[1]

 
Tenacious after conversion to a Type 16 Frigate, c1952 (IWM)

Between January 1951 and 1952 she was converted at Rosyth to a Type 16 fast anti-submarine frigate, with the new pennant number F44. On 8 May 1952, she ran aground in the River Foyle in Northern Ireland.[2] In 1953 she took part in the Fleet Review to celebrate the Coronation of Queen Elizabeth II.[3]

In 1954 Tenacious was placed in reserve at Rosyth, then in 1956 into reserve at Barrow. In September 1963 she was towed to Plymouth. Tenacious was subsequently sold for scrapping in 1965 and arrived at Troon for breaking up on 29 June in that year.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Critchley, page 62
  2. ^ "Stranding Of H.M.S. Tenacious". The Times (52360). London. 10 July 1952. col E, p. 3.
  3. ^ Souvenir Programme, Coronation Review of the Fleet, Spithead, 15th June 1953, HMSO, Gale and Polden

PublicationsEdit