HMS Tenacious (R45)
HMS Tenacious underway on the River Mersey, c1943 (IWM)
|Builder:||Cammell Laird, Birkenhead|
|Laid down:||3 December 1941|
|Launched:||24 March 1943|
|Commissioned:||30 October 1943|
|Renamed:||Ordered as HMS Tempest, renamed before being launched|
|Identification:||Pennant number: R45 (later F44)|
|Fate:||Arrived for scrapping in June 1965|
|Badge:||On a field White a bulldog's face proper.|
|General characteristics as T–class|
|Class and type:||T-class destroyer|
|Beam:||35 ft 8 in (10.87 m)|
|Draught:||14 ft 2 in (4.32 m)|
|Speed:||36.75 knots (42.29 mph; 68.06 km/h)|
|General characteristics as Type 16|
|Class and type:||Type 16 frigate|
|Length:||362 ft 9 in (110.57 m) o/a|
|Beam:||37 ft 9 in (11.51 m)|
|Draught:||14 ft 6 in (4.42 m)|
|Speed:||32 knots (37 mph; 59 km/h) full load|
|Sensors and |
Ship served from 1943 to 1944 in the Mediterranean (where she shared sinking of U-boat U-453 and also several E-boats), and the Aegean and Greek islands. Also took part in the liberation of France as support bombardment for invasion of South of France July-August 1944. Drafted to serve in East Indies Fleet, as part of the escort force of the 21st Aircraft Carrier Squadron in 1944-5, against Japanese, then came under command of 3rd US Pacific fleet (Admiral Halsey), and given a temporary pennant number D46 to enable identification by US naval forces. Took part in bombardment of Truk in the Caroline Islands and bombardment of Japan, HMS Tenacious was part of the fleet assembled to witness surrender of Japanese in Tokyo harbour, then repatriation of POWs from Hammamatsu. Continued to serve in Australian waters and South China sea and rescued 6 RAAF personnel in S China Sea, who had ditched their DC3 aircraft after both engines failed, on 4 January 1946. She returned to Devonport in 1946 and was mothballed for future use .
Between 1946 and 1949 Tenacious was held in reserve at Devonport. On 23 January 1949 she arrived in Mersey for a refit and in November of that year was commissioned as a target ship for the 3rd Submarine Flotilla at Rothesay.
Between January 1951 and 1952 she was converted at Rosyth to a Type 16 fast anti-submarine frigate, with the new pennant number F44. On 8 May 1952, she ran aground in the River Foyle in Northern Ireland. In 1953 she took part in the Fleet Review to celebrate the Coronation of Queen Elizabeth II.
In 1954 Tenacious was placed in reserve at Rosyth, then in 1956 into reserve at Barrow. In September 1963 she was towed to Plymouth. Tenacious was subsequently sold for scrapping in 1965 and arrived at Troon for breaking up on 29 June in that year.
- Critchley, page 62
- "Stranding Of H.M.S. Tenacious". The Times (52360). London. 10 July 1952. col E, p. 3.
- Souvenir Programme, Coronation Review of the Fleet, Spithead, 15th June 1953, HMSO, Gale and Polden
- Colledge, J. J.; Warlow, Ben (2006) . Ships of the Royal Navy: The Complete Record of all Fighting Ships of the Royal Navy (Rev. ed.). London: Chatham Publishing. ISBN 978-1-86176-281-8. OCLC 67375475.
- Critchley, Mike (1982). British Warships Since 1945: Part 3: Destroyers. Liskeard, UK: Maritime Books. ISBN 0-9506323-9-2.
- Raven, Alan; Roberts, John (1978). War Built Destroyers O to Z Classes. London: Bivouac Books. ISBN 0-85680-010-4.
- Whitley, M. J. (1988). Destroyers of World War 2. Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 0-87021-326-1.
- Anonymous H.M.S. Tenacious: Her Story, printed without date by Richard Clay and Company, Ltd, Bungay, Suffolk.
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