HMS Serapis (1866)

HMS Serapis was a Euphrates-class troopship commissioned for the transport of troops to and from India. She was launched in the Thames on 26 September 1866 from the Thames Ironworks and Shipbuilding Company at Leamouth, London and was the third Royal Navy ship to bear the name. She was sold in 1894.

HMS Serapis
History
United Kingdom
NameHMS Serapis
Ordered1865
BuilderThames Shipbuilding Co., Leamouth, London[1]
Yard number12F
Launched26 September 1866
Commissioned2 October 1876 at Portsmouth
FateSold 23 November 1894
General characteristics
Class and typeEuphrates-class troopship
TypeTroopship
Displacement6,211 tons, 4,206 tons BM[1]
Length360 ft (109.7 m) (overall)
Beam49 ft 1.5 in (15.0 m)
Depth of hold22 ft 4 in (6.81 m)
Installed power
  • As built: 3,945 ihp (2,942 kW)
  • From 1869: 4,028 ihp (3,004 kW)[1]
Propulsion
  • As built:
  • 4-cylinder horizontal compound-expansion steam engine
  • Single screw
  • From 1869:
  • 2-cylinder single-expansion steam engine
  • Single screw
Sail planBarque
Speed14 kn (26 km/h)
ArmamentThree 4-pounder guns

DesignEdit

Serapis was one of five iron-hulled vessels of the Euphrates class. All five were built to a design of 360 ft overall length by about 49 ft breadth, although Malabar was very slightly smaller than the rest of the class. They had a single screw, a speed of 14 knots, one funnel, a barque-rig sail plan, three 4-pounder guns and a white-painted hull. Her bow was a "ram bow" which projected forward below the waterline.

CareerEdit

She spent all of her career on the United Kingdom to India route carrying troops, a trip that averaged 70 days. She was the only one of her class to have been completed with a compound-expansion steam engine at build, and was the first of her class to be re-engined. While her sisters replaced their single-expansion engines with compound-expansion engines, she had the opposite adaption; her 4-cylinder horizontal compound-expansion steam engine was replaced in 1869 with a 2-cylinder single-expansion steam engine.[1] The indicated power remained almost the same, and her top speed was largely unaffected, remaining at about 14 knots (26 km/h).[1]

On 12 March 1871, Serapis broke her main shaft. She was taken in tow by the British steamship Diomed. The tow was later transferred to HMS Crocodile, which towed Serapis in to Port Said, Egypt.[2] On 22 October 1872, Serapis ran aground in the Suez Canal. She was refloated on 24 October and resumed her voyage to India.[3][4] On 15 October 1873, she collided with a French schooner in the Indian Ocean. The schooner sank with the loss of a crew member. Serapis rescued the survivors.[5] On 6 December, she collided with the British steamship Paladine at Malta. Paladine was severely damaged, Serapis was slightly damaged but had to put back to Malta for repairs.[6] In September 1875 she transported the Prince of Wales to India to celebrate Queen Victoria's appointment as Empress of India. In 1884 the commanding officer, Captain Arthur Dupuis, was suspended after the ship grounded off Portland.[7] In April 1886 she became part of the Indian training squadron.[citation needed]. On 24 November, she ran aground at Southsea, Hampshire. She was on a voyage from Suez, Egypt to Portsmouth, Hampshire. She was refloated with assistance from two tugs and taken in to Portsmouth.[8]

FateEdit

She was sold to I Cohen on 23 November 1894 along with her sister ship Euphrates.[1]

IdentificationEdit

All 5 Euphrates-class troopships could be identified by a different coloured hull band. Serapis had a green hull band. [9]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f Winfield, R.; Lyon, D. (2004). The Sail and Steam Navy List: All the Ships of the Royal Navy 1815–1889. London: Chatham Publishing. ISBN 978-1-86176-032-6.
  2. ^ "Latest Shipping Intelligence". The Times. No. 27014. London. 18 March 1871. col D, p. 11.
  3. ^ "Naval and Military Intelligence". Morning Post. No. 30853. London. 26 October 1872. p. 5.
  4. ^ "Naval and Military News". Hampshire Telegraph. No. 4197. Portsmouth. 4 November 1872.
  5. ^ "Indian News and Rumours". The Times. No. 27862. London. 2 December 1873. col F, p. 5.
  6. ^ "Collisions at Sea". Birmingham Daily Post. No. 4805. Birmingham. 8 December 1873.
  7. ^ "HMS Serapis at William Loney RN website". Retrieved 23 June 2009.
  8. ^ "Naval and Military Intelligence". The Times. No. 31926. London. 25 November 1886. col C, p. 7.
  9. ^ The Royal Navy at Malta, Volume One: The Victorian Era - 1865-1906, page 51. (ISBN 0907771432), By: Richard Ellis & Lt. Cdr. Ben Warlaw

External linksEdit