HMS Pembroke (1757)
HMS Pembroke was a 60-gun fourth rate ship of the line of the Royal Navy, built at Plymouth Dockyard to the draught specified in the 1745 Establishment as amended in 1752, and launched on 2 June 1757.
|Ordered:||8 November 1752|
|Launched:||2 June 1757|
|Fate:||Broken up, 1793|
|General characteristics |
|Class and type:||1752 amendments 60-gun fourth rate ship of the line|
|Length:||156 ft (47.5 m) (gundeck)|
|Beam:||42 ft (12.8 m)|
|Depth of hold:||18 ft (5.5 m)|
|Sail plan:||Full rigged ship|
Pembroke was converted to serve as a hulk in 1776, and was eventually broken up in 1793.
For her first two years Pembroke was captained by John Simcoe, the father of John Graves Simcoe who became the first Lieutenant Governor of Upper Canada. When the elder Simcoe died in 1759 he was replaced by John Wheelock who served as captain for the remaining seventeen years of Pembroke's active service. Thomas Bisset served as ships master during her commissioning, then responsibility passed to James Cook, who would later become the first European to reach the eastern Australian coastline. Cook served as master until 1759 with duties then devolving to John Cleader.
Pembroke saw service in the North American theatre of the Seven Years' War, including the Siege of Louisbourg under Captain Simcoe, and the Capture of Québec under Captain Wheelock, both with James Cook as master. In advance of the latter battle, the ship played an important role charting the approaches to Québec up the St. Lawrence River, so that the main fleet could follow.