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HMS Orwell was an O-class destroyer of the Royal Navy that entered service in 1942 and was broken up in 1965.

HMS Orwell.jpg
History
United Kingdom
Name: Orwell
Ordered: 3 September 1939
Builder: Thornycroft (Southampton)
Laid down: 20 May 1940
Launched: 2 April 1942
Commissioned: 17 October 1942
Identification: Pennant number G98
Fate: Broken up, 1965
Badge: HMS Orwell (G98) Badge.jpg
General characteristics
Class and type: O-class destroyer
Displacement: 1,610 long tons (1,640 t) (standard)
Length: 345 ft (105.2 m) (o/a)
Beam: 35 ft (10.7 m)
Draught: 13 ft 6 in (4.1 m)
Installed power:
Propulsion: 2 × shafts; 2 × geared steam turbines
Speed: 37 knots (69 km/h; 43 mph)
Range: 3,850 nmi (7,130 km; 4,430 mi) at 20 knots (37 km/h; 23 mph)
Complement: 176+
Armament:
General characteristics as Type 16 class
Class and type: Type 16 frigate
Displacement:
  • 1,800 long tons (1,800 t) standard
  • 2,300 long tons (2,300 t) full load
Length: 362 ft 9 in (110.57 m) o/a
Beam: 37 ft 9 in (11.51 m)
Draught: 14 ft 6 in (4.42 m)
Propulsion:
  • 2 × Admiralty 3-drum boilers
  • Steam turbines, 40,000 shp
  • 2 shafts
Speed: 32 knots (37 mph; 59 km/h) full load
Complement: 175
Sensors and
processing systems:
  • Type 293Q target indication Radar
  • Type 974 navigation Radar
  • Type 1010 Cossor Mark 10 IFF
  • Type 146B search Sonar
  • Type 147 depth finder Sonar
  • Type 162 target classification Sonar
  • Type 174 attack Sonar
Armament:
Service record
Operations:

Second World War serviceEdit

Orwell saw action at the Battle of the Barents Sea, and was involved in convoy escort duties during the Battle of North Cape.

Postwar serviceEdit

Between 1946 and 1947 Orwell was part of the Portsmouth local flotilla and used for torpedo training. Between 1947 and 1949 she was held in reserve at Harwich. In 1949 the destroyer underwent a refit at Cowes and between 1950 and 1952 was held in reserve at Chatham.

In 1952 she was converted to a Type 16 frigate at Rosyth Dockyard. Following re-commissioning in 1953 she took part in the Fleet Review to celebrate the Coronation of Queen Elizabeth II.[1] Between 1953 and 1958 she was Captain (Destroyers) at Plymouth.[2] In December 1959 Orwell underwent refit at Rosyth, being held in reserve there until 1961. Between 1961 and 1963 the frigate was held on reserve at Portsmouth, before being placed on the disposal list.

She was sold for scrap to John Cashmore Ltd and arrived for breaking up at Newport on 28 June 1965.[3]

Commanding officersEdit

From To Captain
1953 1954 Captain Peter N Buckley RN
1954 1955 Captain Richard F N Kearney RN
1955 1957 Captain Terence W B Shaw RN
1957 1958 Captain Peter M Compston RN

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Souvenir Programme, Coronation Review of the Fleet, Spithead, 15th June 1953, HMSO, Gale and Polden
  2. ^ Mackie, Colin. "II: Royal Navy- Captains Commanding Warships". British Armed Forces (1900–). Retrieved 19 January 2014.
  3. ^ Critchley, Mike (1982). British Warships Since 1945: Part 3: Destroyers. Liskeard, UK: Maritime Books. p. 18.

PublicationsEdit