Hıdır Aslan

Hıdır Aslan (1958 – 25 October 1984) was a Kurdish rebel in Turkey,[1] member of Devrimci Yol who was sentenced to death and executed by hanging.

Hıdır Aslan
Born1958
Died25 October 1984(1984-10-25) (aged 26)
Burdur, Turkey
Cause of deathExecution by hanging
NationalityTurkish
Criminal statusExecuted
AllegianceDevrimci Yol
MotivePolitical
Conviction(s)Murder
Criminal penaltyDeath

He was born 1958 in Hozat, Tunceli Province. Due to his success at the secondary school in his hometown, he was sent to Ankara for high school. He got interested in politics during his high school years. For his participation in a political incident, he was tried and imprisoned for seven months. In 1978, he moved to Izmir, where he was involved in armed actions of Devrimci Yol, an illegal Marxist-Leninist movement.[2][3] Following a week of confrontations between the workers class and the Turkish authorities,[4] Aslan was arrested on 26 February 1980 in Izmir[5] and put in prison in Buca. He was accused of murdering three law enforcement officers. Following trials lasting for four years, he was sentenced to death along with two other comrades. At the end he was convicted of being the leader of the local Devirmci Yol but was not found guilty for a murder.[4] He was hanged on the 25 October 1984 in the prison of Burdur.[6] The European Parliament as well as Amnesty International condemned the fact that he was not charged of a violent crime, but for his opposition to the current government.[7][8][4]

He was the 27th person to be hanged after the coup d'état on the 12 September 1980,[6] and became the last person to be executed by Turkey. Turkish Grand National Assembly suspended all death penalty cases for approval after his execution. In conformity with European Convention on Human Rights, the parliament enacted on 3 August 2002 abolishment of the death penalty in all instances, including wartime.[5][9][10]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Kurd rebel gets death penalty - But months could elapse before Ocalan executed". Deseret News. 29 June 1999. Retrieved 3 January 2021.
  2. ^ "Hıdır Aslan" (in Turkish). Devrimci Yol. Retrieved 2012-01-08.
  3. ^ Fişek, Kurthan (2000-06-01). "İdam cezasının alternatifi yargılı infazdır! (2)". Hürriyet (in Turkish). Retrieved 2012-01-08.
  4. ^ a b c "Condemned on "evidence" extracted under torture" (PDF). Amnesty International. February 1990. p. 6. Retrieved 2 March 2021.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  5. ^ a b Mavioğlu, Ertuğrul (2006). Apoletli adalet (in Turkish). p. 271. ISBN 9789752732810. Retrieved 2012-01-08.
  6. ^ a b "Le militant d'extrême gauche Aslan a été pendu". Le Monde.fr (in French). 1984-10-26. Retrieved 2020-09-08.
  7. ^ "Report by the European Parliament on the human rights situation in Turkey (9 October 1985)" (PDF). CVCE. p. 11.
  8. ^ "Turkey: Abdullah Öcalan's execution should be stopped". amnesty.no (in Norwegian Bokmål). Retrieved 2020-09-08.
  9. ^ Bilge, Femet (2003-05-25). "Türkiye'nin son idam öyküsü". Radikal (in Turkish). Retrieved 2012-01-08.
  10. ^ "Son infaz 18 yıl önce". Hürriyet (in Turkish). 2002-08-03. Retrieved 2012-01-08.