Gyeong Dae-seung (Hangul: 경대승, Hanja: 慶大升) (1154 – 4 August 1183) was the third of many military dictators who ruled during the late period of the Goryeo. Unlike his predecessors, General Gyeong was determined to fix Goryeo's problems and help the people prosper. His popularity with the people aroused the jealousy of King Myeongjong of Goryeo.[citation needed] His military dictatorship over Goryeo signified a brief period of peace within the war-ravaged kingdom.[1]

Gyeong Dae-Seung
경대승
Military Leader of Goryeo
In office
1179 – 4 August 1183
MonarchMyeongjong of Goryeo
Preceded byJeong Jung-bu
Succeeded byYi Ui-Min
Personal details
Born1154
Died4 August 1183
FatherGyeong Jin
Gyeong Dae-seung
Hangul
Hanja
Revised RomanizationGyeong Dae-seung
McCune–ReischauerKyŏng Tae-sŭng

BackgroundEdit

General Gyeong Dae-seung was born to Gyeong Jin into the Cheongju Gyeong clan in the year 1154. At the time of his birth, the warrior-class of the nation was highly undermined and deprived of the luxuries that its civilian and scholar counterparts were able to see excessively. The young Gyeong began his military training at the age of 15, and served under the regimes of both Yi Ui-bang and Jeong Jung-bu. When his father died, he took charge of his household and began helping the poor, and made the decision of using the private army that his father had built.[1]

DictatorEdit

In 1179, the young General Gyeong led a revolt against the current-reigning dictator Jeong Jung-bu, killing his son and son-in-law in the process of overthrowing the regime. At the age of 26, Gyeong had overthrown the powerful Jeong military regime and had become the undisputed military dictator of Goryeo. The greatest help to Gyeong was his lifelong friend General Kim Ja-Gyuk, who wanted to put Gyeong on the Imperial throne. Gyeong did not allow such things to overcome his original purpose for taking power. Gyeong Dae-seung became very popular among the people and received the name, "Righteous, young general."[citation needed] Emperor Myeongjong became jealous of Gyeong's popularity and power, and rejected the young general as merely another bloodthirsty barbaric warrior who was greedy for power.[citation needed] Despite efforts to restore peace, Gyeong was faced with assassination attempts, the most notable being an attempt by his friend Kim Ja-Gyuk to poison him.[citation needed] This attempt failed and Gyeong was the military dictator of Goryeo for five years until he became ill (possibly tuberculosis) that eventually killed him.[1][citation needed]

Death and aftermathEdit

Gyeong Dae-seung died in August 1183. With the death of Gyeong, Yi Ui-bang's former lieutenant Yi Ui-min returned to Kaesong and took power over Goryeo, undoing Gyeong's legacy.[citation needed]

Popular cultureEdit

See alsoEdit

Preceded by
Jeong Jung-bu
Military Leader of Goryeo
1179–1183
Succeeded by
Yi Ui-Min

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c "경대승" [Gyeong Dae-seung]. terms.naver.com (in Korean). Retrieved 2019-05-24.