|• Revised Romanization||Cheongju-si|
|Administrative divisions||4 gu 30 dong|
|• Total||940.3 km2 (363.1 sq mi)|
|Elevation||39 m (128 ft)|
|• Density||900/km2 (2,300/sq mi)|
|Area code(s)||(+82) 43-2xx|
Cheongju has been an important provincial town since ancient times.
During Hideyoshi's Invasions of Korea, Cheongju was the site of the Battle of Cheongju, during which the Korean forces re-took the city from the Japanese forces in an important early victory.
The government of the province relocated here from Chungju in 1908.
The opening of the Chungbuk-line in 1926 sparked regional development. In 1946, Cheongju and Cheongwon-gun were separated, and in 1949, Cheongju was upgraded to Cheongju City. Afterwards, it went through the separation of administrative dong and their transfer to Cheongwon-gun, with 2 branch offices (East and West) established in July 1989 that were upgraded to Sangdang-gu and Heungdeok-gu in January.
Geum River goes through the center of Cheongju city. Additionally, the tributaries of Musim and Miho flow together in the northern part of the city. To the east and west, there are the mountains of Wuam and Bumo. Musimcheon River also goes through the middle of Cheongju city.
Cheongju is a temperate zone, so there are four seasons.
|Climate data for Cheongju (1981–2010, extremes 1967–present)|
|Record high °C (°F)||15.6
|Average high °C (°F)||2.9
|Daily mean °C (°F)||−2.4
|Average low °C (°F)||−6.9
|Record low °C (°F)||−24.1
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||25.5
|Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm)||8.0||7.0||8.8||7.9||8.5||9.6||15.9||14.1||9.1||6.5||8.6||9.1||113.1|
|Average snowy days||9.6||5.6||3.1||0.1||0.0||0.0||0.0||0.0||0.0||0.1||2.1||7.7||28.3|
|Average relative humidity (%)||67.2||63.3||60.3||56.6||61.5||68.0||76.4||76.1||74.2||70.4||69.1||69.1||67.7|
|Mean monthly sunshine hours||164.0||171.1||200.2||222.7||234.1||195.5||153.1||178.3||177.5||200.0||158.2||158.0||2,212.6|
|Percent possible sunshine||53.1||55.9||54.0||56.6||53.5||44.6||34.3||42.5||47.6||57.3||51.5||52.4||49.7|
|Source: Korea Meteorological Administration (percent sunshine and snowy days)|
From 1 July 2014, Cheongju and Cheongwon County unified, and administrative districts were changed to the following:
- Heungdeok-gu (흥덕구; 興德區) West
Osong-eup, Gangnae-myeon, Oksan-myeon, Uncheon-dong, Sinbong-dong, Bokdae1-dong, Bokdae2-dong, Gakyeong-dong, Bongmyeong1-dong, Bongmyeong2-dong, Songjeong-dong, Gangseo1-dong, Gangseo2-dong, Ochang-eup
- Seowon-gu (서원구; 西原區) South
Nami-myeon, Hyeondo-myeon, Sajik1-dong, Sajik2-dong, Sachang-dong, Mochooung-dong, Sugok1-dong, Sugok2-dong, Sannam-dong, Bunpyeong-dong, Seonghwa-dong, Geasin-dong, Jookrim-dong
- Sangdang-gu (상당구; 上黨區) East
Nangseong-myeon, Miwon-myeon, Gaduk-myeon, Namil-myeon, Mooni-myeon, Joongang-dong, Seongan-dong, Top-dong, Deasung-dong, Yeongun-dong, Geumcheon-dong, Yongam-dong, Myeongam-dong, Sinsung-dong, Yongam1-dong, Yongam2-dong
- Cheongwon-gu (청원구; 淸原區) North
Nesoo-eup, Buki-myeon, Wooam-dong, Neduk1-dong, Neduk2-dong, Yoolang-dong, Sacheon-dong, Ogeunjang-dong, Ochang-eup
Government and infrastructureEdit
The headquarters of the Ministry of Food and Drug Safety are located in the Osong Health Technology Administration Complex.
- Sangdangsanseong (Sangdang Mountain Fortress) lies on the slopes of Mt. Uam within the city limits. The fortress is mainly a 3-to-4-metre-tall (9.8–13.1-foot) wall that stretches over 4.2 kilometres (2.6 miles) in circumference. The present walls date to the 1716 restoration of the site. Within the walls lies a small tourist village that has several restaurants.
- Cheongju National Museum also lies near Mt. Uam, and houses several exhibits of cultural artifacts from the nearby area.
- Heungdeoksa Temple Site is the home to the Early Printing Museum, and is to be the site of the printing of Jikji, the oldest existent book printed using movable metal type. The museum itself contains exhibits related to the art of printing through the ages.
- Yongdusaji Cheoldanggan (The Iron Flagpole of the Yongdu Temple Site) is designated Korean National Treasure number 41, and is located near Lotte Department Store in downtown Cheongju. Made of twenty iron cylinders, the flagpole stands 13.1 metres (43.0 feet) tall, and was formerly used to hang flags to honour the Buddha
- National Museum of Modern and Contemporary Art – Cheongju (MMCA Cheongju) which is scheduled to open in December 2018, will be the first museum in Korea to open its conservation center to the general public. Notably, MMCA Cheongju is being constructed within a renovated tobacco factory, which once played a major role in Korea's modern industry. The new building has been especially designed to use energy more efficiently and thus reduce greenhouse gas emissions. As such, the new museum will be a high-profile example of a project combining elements of urban revitalization and historical preservation.
- Chojeonghaenggung (Chojeong Temporary Palace) is a temporary palace where King Sejong stayed for treatment of an eye disease. It is said that King Sejong completed the creation of Hangul here. This place was destroyed during the Joseon Dynasty, and restoration work began in December 2017, and construction was completed in December 2019. It opened in June 2020. Also, Chojeong Mineral Water produced near here is quite famous carbonated water. It is known that King Sejong also tried to treat an eye disease with carbonated water produced in Chojeong. Chojeonghaenggung is located in Naesu-eup, Cheongwon-gu.
Cheongju International Airport provides scheduled flights within Korea and to China. The main train station is located at Ogeunjang approximately 8 km (5.0 mi) north of the city hall. This station is on the Chungbuk Line. Cheongju Bus Terminal provides almost all of the bus lines to bus terminals located in other cities. Ticketing time is between 4:00 am and 11:40 pm. Cheongju Express Bus Terminal provides some bus lines for Seoul (Gangnam, Sangbong, South Seoul, East Seoul, Busan, East Deagu, Gwangju).
Cheongju is the site of several tertiary institutions, including:
The Cheongju International Craft Biennale is usually held in September or October.
There is also the Osong Cosmetic and Beauty Expo.
Twin towns – sister citiesEdit
Notable people from CheongjuEdit
- An Yu-jin, singer (Iz*One).
- Cho Sung-dal, footballer.
- Choi Eun-sil, basketball player.
- Choi Ji-hyun, short track speed skater.
- Choi Soon-ho, football manager and former professional football player.
- Han Hyo-joo, actress.
- Hwang Eun-bi (known as SinB), singer (GFriend).
- Im Jin-ah (known as Nana), singer, actress and model (After School, Orange Caramel).
- Ji Chang-min (known as Q), singer and dancer (The Boyz).
- Ji Min-hyuk, actor.
- Jun Hyo-seong, singer and actress (Secret).
- Kim Ji-woo (known as Chuu), singer (Loona).
- Kim Joo-young (known as Jooyoung), singer-songwriter.
- Kim So-yeon (known as Kassy), singer and rapper.
- C. S. Lee, actor and comedian.
- Lee Jin-wook, actor.
- Lee Na-eun, singer and actress (April).
- Lee Seung-hee, ceramic artist.
- Lee Yi-kyung, actor.
- Moon Bin, singer (Astro).
- Na Young-seok, television producer.
- Park Cho-rong, singer-songwriter, actress (Apink).
- Shin Dong-woo (known as CNU), singer-songwriter, rapper and actor (B1A4).
- Yoon Dae-woong (known as Bigman), beatboxer, singer-songwriter and composer.
- * Welcome to Cheongju-Si Homepage * Archived 23 June 2006 at the Wayback Machine
- 평년값자료(1981-2010) 청주(131) (in Korean). Korea Meteorological Administration. Retrieved 21 December 2016.
- 기후자료 극값(최대값) 전체년도 일최고기온 (℃) 최고순위, 청주(131) (in Korean). Korea Meteorological Administration. Retrieved 21 December 2016.
- 기후자료 극값(최대값) 전체년도 일최저기온 (℃) 최고순위, 청주(131) (in Korean). Korea Meteorological Administration. Retrieved 21 December 2016.
- "Climatological Normals of Korea" (PDF). Korea Meteorological Administration. 2011. p. 499 and 649. Archived from the original (PDF) on 7 December 2016. Retrieved 21 December 2016.
- 청원청주통합 홍보안내. 3 May 2014. Archived from the original on 3 May 2014.
- http://okcj.org/wp/%7CCheongju[permanent dead link] International public website
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 25 March 2014. Retrieved 25 March 2014.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- "Cheongju Sister Cities: Tottori city, Japan". Cheongju City. Retrieved 12 January 2017.
- "Cheongju Sister Cities: Wuhan city, China". Cheongju City. Retrieved 12 January 2017.
- "Cheongju Sister Cities: Bellingham city, U.S". Cheongju City. Retrieved 12 January 2017.
- "Our Sister Cities". Bellingham Sister Cities Association. Retrieved 20 January 2015.[permanent dead link]
- "Interactive City Directory". Sister Cities International. Archived from the original on 21 January 2015.
- Города-побратимы Ростова-на-Дону (in Russian). Official site Administration of the city of Rostov-on-Don.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Cheongju.|
- 2015년 인구주택총조사 전수집계결과 보도자료 [2015 Population and Housing Census]. Statistics Korea.