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Guy Charmot (9 October 1914 – 7 January 2019) was a French military doctor and member of the French resistance during World War II.[1]

Guy Charmot
Born(1914-10-09)9 October 1914
Died7 January 2019(2019-01-07) (aged 104)
Marseille, France
NationalityFrench
OccupationMilitary doctor

Contents

BiographyEdit

Childhood and EducationEdit

Charmot was the son of Ulysse Charmot, a tax collector, and Claire Esmieu.[citation needed] From a young age, Charmot wanted to be a doctor. In 1934, he began studying at École de santé des armées in Bron. He was particularly attracted to the field of military medicine, and officially became a doctor in 1937.[2] He was posted to a medical center near hunting and game lands in Saint-Avold. In 1939, he completed his studies and entered the French Defence Health Service in Pharo.[3]

World War IIEdit

In September 1939, Charmot awaited an assignment to French West Africa. He was a physician for the 49th Colonial Field Artillery Regiment, but he wanted to stay in France. However, he was sent to Africa against his will after working along the Maginot Line. He left Bordeaux in March 1940 for Dakar.[4] In June 1941, Charmot left French West Africa for Syria. He stayed in Damascus for about a month, and then left for Berbera, Somalia.[5][6] In 1943, Charmot was sent to Tunisia and aided Allied troops as they took North Africa back from the Germans. After that, he helped aid troops in liberating France and Italy.[7]

CareerEdit

At the end of the war, Charmot became a doctor-captain for his work in World War II. As a member of the French Defence Health Service, he was a doctor in many French colonies, such as Senegal, Congo, and Madagascar until 1965.[8] Once the French officially decolonized, Charmot moved back to France. He was a specialist in tropical medicine, and participated in therapeutic research for Rhône-Poulenc. He was also a consultant for Bichat-Claude Bernard Hospital.

Later, Charmot became a professor at the Pasteur Institute, where he wrote or co-wrote over 300 articles and contributed to medical textbooks. He was the President of Société de Pathologie Exotique from 1982-1986, and elected a member of Académie des sciences d'outre-mer in 1994.[9]

Charmot died on 7 January 2019. Today, there is a library named after him in Marseille.[10]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Guy Charmot, doyen des compagnons de la Libération, est mort à 104 ans". Le Monde (in French). 7 January 2019.
  2. ^ "Guy Charmot". Mémoire Vive de la Résistance (in French).
  3. ^ "La médaille de Bagatelle au Pr Guy Charmot". La Provence (in French). 25 November 2013.
  4. ^ ""Nous sommes des anticonformistes"". Paris Match (in French). 29 August 2014.
  5. ^ "Un aspect méconnu du combat des Forces Françaises Libres pendant la Seconde Guerre mondiale" (PDF). Anti-fascist Assembly for the National Liberation of Macedonia (in French). June 2016.
  6. ^ "Guy Denis Jean Charmot". Les Français Libres (in French). 29 June 2018.
  7. ^ "De la formation à la campagne d'Italie". Histoires de Français Libres ordinaires (in French). 13 February 2015.
  8. ^ "Guy Charmot". Ordre de la Libération (in French). 7 January 2019.
  9. ^ "Présidents". Société de pathologie exotique (in French).
  10. ^ France (UGF), Union des Gaullistes de. "Marseille: le compagnon de la Libération Guy Charmot inaugure la bibliothèque qui porte son nom!". Union des Gaullistes de France (UGF) (in French). Retrieved 2019-01-13.