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Bron is a commune in the Metropolis of Lyon in Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region in eastern France.

Bron
Buildings on the Avenue Franklin Roosevelt
Buildings on the Avenue Franklin Roosevelt
Coat of arms of Bron
Coat of arms
Location of Bron
Bron is located in France
Bron
Bron
Bron is located in Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
Bron
Bron
Coordinates: 45°44′22″N 4°54′50″E / 45.7394°N 4.9139°E / 45.7394; 4.9139Coordinates: 45°44′22″N 4°54′50″E / 45.7394°N 4.9139°E / 45.7394; 4.9139
CountryFrance
RegionAuvergne-Rhône-Alpes
MetropolisMetropolis of Lyon
ArrondissementLyon
Government
 • Mayor (2015-2020) Jean-Michel Longueval (PS)
Area
1
10.3 km2 (4.0 sq mi)
Population
 (2016-01-01)[1]
41,589
 • Density4,000/km2 (10,000/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
69029 /69500
Elevation183–221 m (600–725 ft)
(avg. 212 m or 696 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

Contents

GeographyEdit

It lies 10 km (6.2 mi) east of Lyon. It is the sixth-largest suburb of the city of Lyon, and is adjacent to its east side.

ClimateEdit

Climate data for Lyon-Bron (Lyon–Bron Airport), elevation: 201 m, 1981-2010 normals, extremes 1920–present
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 19.1
(66.4)
21.9
(71.4)
25.7
(78.3)
30.1
(86.2)
34.2
(93.6)
38.4
(101.1)
39.8
(103.6)
40.5
(104.9)
35.8
(96.4)
28.4
(83.1)
23.0
(73.4)
20.2
(68.4)
40.5
(104.9)
Average high °C (°F) 6.4
(43.5)
8.4
(47.1)
13.0
(55.4)
16.3
(61.3)
20.8
(69.4)
24.6
(76.3)
27.7
(81.9)
27.2
(81.0)
22.7
(72.9)
17.4
(63.3)
10.8
(51.4)
7.1
(44.8)
16.9
(62.4)
Daily mean °C (°F) 3.4
(38.1)
4.8
(40.6)
8.4
(47.1)
11.4
(52.5)
15.8
(60.4)
19.4
(66.9)
22.1
(71.8)
21.6
(70.9)
17.6
(63.7)
13.4
(56.1)
7.5
(45.5)
4.3
(39.7)
12.5
(54.5)
Average low °C (°F) 0.3
(32.5)
1.1
(34.0)
3.8
(38.8)
6.5
(43.7)
10.7
(51.3)
14.1
(57.4)
16.6
(61.9)
16.0
(60.8)
12.5
(54.5)
9.3
(48.7)
4.3
(39.7)
1.6
(34.9)
8.1
(46.6)
Record low °C (°F) −23.0
(−9.4)
−22.5
(−8.5)
−10.5
(13.1)
−4.4
(24.1)
−3.8
(25.2)
2.3
(36.1)
6.1
(43.0)
4.6
(40.3)
0.2
(32.4)
−4.5
(23.9)
−9.4
(15.1)
−24.6
(−12.3)
−24.6
(−12.3)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 47.2
(1.86)
44.1
(1.74)
50.4
(1.98)
74.9
(2.95)
90.8
(3.57)
75.6
(2.98)
63.7
(2.51)
62.0
(2.44)
87.5
(3.44)
98.6
(3.88)
81.9
(3.22)
55.2
(2.17)
831.9
(32.75)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 9.0 7.8 8.4 9.3 11.3 8.4 6.9 7.1 7.6 10.2 9.0 9.1 104.1
Mean monthly sunshine hours 73.9 101.2 170.2 190.5 221.4 254.3 283.0 252.7 194.8 129.6 75.9 54.5 2,001.9
Source: Météo France[2][3][4]

HistoryEdit

The earliest traces of life in Bron can be found in the cemetery and date from 71 BC. The town as it is today did not take shape until approximately 1812.

In mid-August 1944, prisoners from Montluc prison were taken to Bron Airfield where 109 of them, including 72 Jews, were killed in what would become known as Le Charnier de Bron ("The Charnel house of Bron").[7]

Bron was spared much of the damage caused by the riots in many of France's suburbs in the 1990s, such as in Venissieux and Villeurbanne.

SightsEdit

Bron has a fort (erected between 1872 and 1876).

TransportEdit

Bron is served by the following TCL (Lyon public transport) services:

  • Metro
    • Line D (Gare de Vaise to Gare de Vénissieux) – served by 2 stations (Mermoz-Pinel and Parilly) located on the boundary with Lyon.
  • Tram
  • Bus
    • C8 (Grange Blanche - Vaulx-en-Velin Résistance)
    • C9 (Bellecour Antoine Poncet - Hôpitaux Est)
    • C15 (Laurent Bonnevay - Bachut Mairie du 8e)
    • C17 (Charpennes - Laurent Bonnevay)
    • 24 (Bachut – Bron – Sept Chemins)
    • 25 (Cordeliers – Gare Part-DieuMontchat – Sept Chemins)
    • 26 (Bachut – Bron Aéroport – Manissieux)
    • 52 (Parilly Université Hippodrome - Vaulx-En-Velin La Grappinière)
    • 64 (Laurent Bonnevay – La Soie – Bron Droits de l'Homme)
    • 68 (Vaulx-en-Velin La Soie – ChassieuAzieu)
    • 78 (Mermoz-Pinel – Parc du Chêne – Sept Chemins)
    • 79 (Grange Blanche – Bron – Décines or Chassieu)
    • 81 (Laurent Bonnevay – Bron – Porte des Alpes)
    • 82 (Vaulx-en-Velin La Soie – Bron – La Borelle)
    • 93 (Hôpital Feyzin Vénissieux - Porte des Alpes / Parc Technologique)
    • Zi7 (Vaulx-En-Velin La Soie - Bron Droits De L'Homme)

Bron airport
Lyon-Bron Airport (technically located in the communes of Chassieu and Saint-Priest) has existed since 1920, although much of its commercial activity was diverted to Satolas (Saint-Exupéry International Airport), Lyon's main airport, in 1975.

EducationEdit

Bron is home to part of the University of Lyon 2. The Bron campus is located on the south-eastern edge of the town, close to the Parc de Parilly and Saint-Priest.

Twin townsEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Populations légales 2016". INSEE. Retrieved 25 April 2019.
  2. ^ "Données climatiques de la station de Lyon" (in French). Meteo France. Retrieved 16 December 2014.
  3. ^ "Climat France" (in French). Meteo France. Retrieved 16 December 2014.
  4. ^ "Lyon–Bron (69)" (PDF). Fiche Climatologique: Statistiques 1981–2010 et records (in French). Meteo France. Archived from the original (PDF) on 10 March 2018. Retrieved 10 March 2018.
  5. ^ "Lyon–Bron (07480) - WMO Weather Station". NOAA. Retrieved February 8, 2019. Archived February 8, 2019, at the Wayback Machine
  6. ^ "Normes et records 1961–1990: Lyon-Bron (69) – altitude 198m" (in French). Infoclimat. Archived from the original on 3 March 2016. Retrieved 8 February 2019.
  7. ^ "Bron: le panneau en mémoire des charniers de l'aéroport dévoilé" [Bron: memorial unveiled to mass graves at the airport]. Le Progrès. 2 September 2014. Retrieved 28 April 2015.

External linksEdit