Bron (French pronunciation: ​[bʁɔ̃]) is a commune in the Metropolis of Lyon, Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region, eastern France.

Bron
Buildings on the Avenue Franklin Roosevelt
Buildings on the Avenue Franklin Roosevelt
Coat of arms of Bron
Location of Bron
Bron is located in France
Bron
Bron
Bron is located in Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
Bron
Bron
Coordinates: 45°44′22″N 4°54′50″E / 45.7394°N 4.9139°E / 45.7394; 4.9139Coordinates: 45°44′22″N 4°54′50″E / 45.7394°N 4.9139°E / 45.7394; 4.9139
CountryFrance
RegionAuvergne-Rhône-Alpes
MetropolisLyon Metropolis
ArrondissementLyon
Government
 • Mayor (2020–2026) Jérémie Breaud
Area
1
10.3 km2 (4.0 sq mi)
Population
 (Jan. 2019)[1]
42,244
 • Density4,100/km2 (11,000/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
69029 /69500
Elevation183–221 m (600–725 ft)
(avg. 212 m or 696 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

GeographyEdit

Bron lies 10 km (6.2 mi) east-southeast of central Lyon. It is the sixth-largest suburb of the city of Lyon, and is adjacent to its east side.

ClimateEdit

Climate data for Lyon-Bron (Lyon–Bron Airport), elevation: 201 m, 1981-2010 normals, extremes 1920–present
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 19.1
(66.4)
21.9
(71.4)
25.7
(78.3)
30.1
(86.2)
34.2
(93.6)
38.4
(101.1)
39.8
(103.6)
40.5
(104.9)
35.8
(96.4)
28.4
(83.1)
23.0
(73.4)
20.2
(68.4)
40.5
(104.9)
Average high °C (°F) 6.4
(43.5)
8.4
(47.1)
13.0
(55.4)
16.3
(61.3)
20.8
(69.4)
24.6
(76.3)
27.7
(81.9)
27.2
(81.0)
22.7
(72.9)
17.4
(63.3)
10.8
(51.4)
7.1
(44.8)
16.9
(62.4)
Daily mean °C (°F) 3.4
(38.1)
4.8
(40.6)
8.4
(47.1)
11.4
(52.5)
15.8
(60.4)
19.4
(66.9)
22.1
(71.8)
21.6
(70.9)
17.6
(63.7)
13.4
(56.1)
7.5
(45.5)
4.3
(39.7)
12.5
(54.5)
Average low °C (°F) 0.3
(32.5)
1.1
(34.0)
3.8
(38.8)
6.5
(43.7)
10.7
(51.3)
14.1
(57.4)
16.6
(61.9)
16.0
(60.8)
12.5
(54.5)
9.3
(48.7)
4.3
(39.7)
1.6
(34.9)
8.1
(46.6)
Record low °C (°F) −23.0
(−9.4)
−22.5
(−8.5)
−10.5
(13.1)
−4.4
(24.1)
−3.8
(25.2)
2.3
(36.1)
6.1
(43.0)
4.6
(40.3)
0.2
(32.4)
−4.5
(23.9)
−9.4
(15.1)
−24.6
(−12.3)
−24.6
(−12.3)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 47.2
(1.86)
44.1
(1.74)
50.4
(1.98)
74.9
(2.95)
90.8
(3.57)
75.6
(2.98)
63.7
(2.51)
62.0
(2.44)
87.5
(3.44)
98.6
(3.88)
81.9
(3.22)
55.2
(2.17)
831.9
(32.75)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 9.0 7.8 8.4 9.3 11.3 8.4 6.9 7.1 7.6 10.2 9.0 9.1 104.1
Mean monthly sunshine hours 73.9 101.2 170.2 190.5 221.4 254.3 283.0 252.7 194.8 129.6 75.9 54.5 2,001.9
Source: Météo France[2][3][4]
Climate data for Lyon-Bron (Lyon–Bron Airport), elevation: 201 m, 1961-1990 normals and extremes
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 16.3
(61.3)
21.4
(70.5)
25.7
(78.3)
28.0
(82.4)
29.4
(84.9)
34.4
(93.9)
39.8
(103.6)
37.1
(98.8)
33.8
(92.8)
28.4
(83.1)
22.6
(72.7)
20.2
(68.4)
39.8
(103.6)
Mean maximum °C (°F) 10.2
(50.4)
14.4
(57.9)
15.9
(60.6)
18.6
(65.5)
23.1
(73.6)
28.8
(83.8)
32.8
(91.0)
28.1
(82.6)
27.3
(81.1)
19.7
(67.5)
14.1
(57.4)
9.5
(49.1)
32.8
(91.0)
Average high °C (°F) 6.1
(43.0)
8.2
(46.8)
11.6
(52.9)
15.2
(59.4)
19.1
(66.4)
22.9
(73.2)
26.1
(79.0)
26.0
(78.8)
22.4
(72.3)
17.1
(62.8)
10.0
(50.0)
6.4
(43.5)
15.9
(60.7)
Daily mean °C (°F) 3.0
(37.4)
4.9
(40.8)
7.4
(45.3)
10.2
(50.4)
14.0
(57.2)
17.6
(63.7)
20.6
(69.1)
20.0
(68.0)
17.1
(62.8)
12.7
(54.9)
6.7
(44.1)
3.9
(39.0)
11.5
(52.7)
Average low °C (°F) 0.2
(32.4)
1.4
(34.5)
2.9
(37.2)
5.2
(41.4)
9.1
(48.4)
12.5
(54.5)
14.8
(58.6)
14.4
(57.9)
11.7
(53.1)
8.3
(46.9)
3.5
(38.3)
0.7
(33.3)
7.1
(44.7)
Mean minimum °C (°F) −7.0
(19.4)
−4.7
(23.5)
−1.4
(29.5)
3.2
(37.8)
7.6
(45.7)
10.9
(51.6)
13.1
(55.6)
12.9
(55.2)
8.1
(46.6)
4.5
(40.1)
1.0
(33.8)
−4.7
(23.5)
−7.0
(19.4)
Record low °C (°F) −23.0
(−9.4)
−19.3
(−2.7)
−10.5
(13.1)
−3.2
(26.2)
−0.3
(31.5)
3.6
(38.5)
6.1
(43.0)
5.2
(41.4)
1.9
(35.4)
−3.2
(26.2)
−7.1
(19.2)
−16.0
(3.2)
−23.0
(−9.4)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 54.0
(2.13)
53.8
(2.12)
72.2
(2.84)
56.1
(2.21)
72.6
(2.86)
73.2
(2.88)
54.5
(2.15)
71.6
(2.82)
53.2
(2.09)
56.2
(2.21)
68.0
(2.68)
55.8
(2.20)
741.2
(29.19)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 10.4 9.3 9.7 9.6 10.9 8.2 6.8 8.2 7.3 8.5 8.9 9.8 107.6
Average snowy days 4.5 2.0 2.0 1.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.0 4.0 14.5
Average relative humidity (%) 84 80 74 71 72 70 65 70 76 82 84 86 76
Mean monthly sunshine hours 62.6 89.8 147.5 184.2 215.9 250.9 292.6 259.0 208.1 134.3 75.3 55.4 1,975.6
Percent possible sunshine 23 31 41 46 47 54 62 60 56 40 27 21 42
Source 1: NOAA[5]
Source 2: Infoclimat.fr (humidity)[6]

HistoryEdit

The earliest traces of life in Bron can be found in the cemetery and date from 71 BC. The town as it is today did not take shape until approximately 1812.

In mid-August 1944, prisoners from Montluc prison were taken to Bron Airfield where 109 of them, including 72 Jews, were killed in what would become known as Le Charnier de Bron ("The Charnel house of Bron").[7]

Bron was spared much of the damage caused by the riots in many of France's suburbs in the 1990s, such as in Venissieux and Villeurbanne.

PopulationEdit

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1793 441—    
1800 446+0.16%
1806 448+0.07%
1821 694+2.96%
1831 798+1.41%
1836 850+1.27%
1841 929+1.79%
1846 999+1.46%
1851 981−0.36%
1856 981+0.00%
1861 1,010+0.58%
1866 1,041+0.61%
1872 1,015−0.42%
1876 2,168+20.89%
1881 2,470+2.64%
1886 2,712+1.89%
1891 2,691−0.16%
1896 2,665−0.19%
YearPop.±% p.a.
1901 3,206+3.77%
1906 3,506+1.81%
1911 4,160+3.48%
1921 6,397+4.40%
1926 8,774+6.52%
1931 12,423+7.20%
1936 13,161+1.16%
1946 12,597−0.44%
1954 14,195+1.50%
1962 26,959+8.35%
1968 41,619+7.51%
1975 44,563+0.98%
1982 40,638−1.31%
1990 39,683−0.30%
1999 37,369−0.67%
2007 38,833+0.48%
2012 39,232+0.20%
2017 41,543+1.15%
Source: EHESS[8] and INSEE (1968-2017)[9]

SightsEdit

The Fort de Bron, erected between 1872 and 1876, is part of the second belt of fortifications around Lyon.

TransportEdit

Bron is served by the following TCL (Lyon public transport) services:

  • Metro
    • Line D (Gare de Vaise to Gare de Vénissieux) – served by 2 stations (Mermoz-Pinel and Parilly) located on the boundary with Lyon.
  • Tram
  • Bus
    • C8 (Grange Blanche - Vaulx-en-Velin Résistance)
    • C9 (Bellecour Antoine Poncet - Hôpitaux Est)
    • C15 (Laurent Bonnevay - Bachut Mairie du 8e)
    • C17 (Charpennes - Laurent Bonnevay)
    • 24 (Bachut – Bron – Sept Chemins)
    • 25 (Cordeliers – Gare Part-DieuMontchat – Sept Chemins)
    • 26 (Bachut – Bron Aéroport – Manissieux)
    • 52 (Parilly Université Hippodrome - Vaulx-En-Velin La Grappinière)
    • 64 (Laurent Bonnevay – La Soie – Bron Droits de l'Homme)
    • 68 (Vaulx-en-Velin La Soie – ChassieuAzieu)
    • 78 (Mermoz-Pinel – Parc du Chêne – Sept Chemins)
    • 79 (Grange Blanche – Bron – Décines or Chassieu)
    • 81 (Laurent Bonnevay – Bron – Porte des Alpes)
    • 82 (Vaulx-en-Velin La Soie – Bron – La Borelle)
    • 93 (Hôpital Feyzin Vénissieux - Porte des Alpes / Parc Technologique)
    • Zi7 (Vaulx-En-Velin La Soie - Bron Droits De L'Homme)

Bron airport
Lyon-Bron Airport (technically located in the communes of Chassieu and Saint-Priest) has existed since 1920, although much of its commercial activity was diverted to Satolas (Saint-Exupéry International Airport), Lyon's main airport, in 1975.

EducationEdit

Bron is home to part of the University of Lyon 2. The Bron campus is located on the south-eastern edge of the town, close to the Parc de Parilly and Saint-Priest.

Twin townsEdit

Bron is twinned with:[10]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Populations légales 2019". The National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies. 29 December 2021.
  2. ^ "Données climatiques de la station de Lyon" (in French). Meteo France. Retrieved 16 December 2014.
  3. ^ "Climat France" (in French). Meteo France. Retrieved 16 December 2014.
  4. ^ "Lyon–Bron (69)" (PDF). Fiche Climatologique: Statistiques 1981–2010 et records (in French). Meteo France. Archived from the original (PDF) on 10 March 2018. Retrieved 10 March 2018.
  5. ^ "Lyon–Bron (07480) - WMO Weather Station". NOAA. Retrieved February 8, 2019. Archived February 8, 2019, at the Wayback Machine
  6. ^ "Normes et records 1961–1990: Lyon-Bron (69) – altitude 198m" (in French). Infoclimat. Archived from the original on 3 March 2016. Retrieved 8 February 2019.
  7. ^ "Bron: le panneau en mémoire des charniers de l'aéroport dévoilé" [Bron: memorial unveiled to mass graves at the airport]. Le Progrès. 2 September 2014. Retrieved 28 April 2015.
  8. ^ Des villages de Cassini aux communes d'aujourd'hui: Commune data sheet Bron, EHESS. (in French)
  9. ^ Population en historique depuis 1968, INSEE
  10. ^ "Une ville à l'international". ville-bron.fr (in French). Bron. Retrieved 2019-11-21.

External linksEdit