Tarre was named by Venezuela's National Assembly as a Special Representative to the OAS on 22 January during the 2019 Venezuelan presidential crisis. On 9 April 2019, the OAS voted to accept him as the ambassador and representative from Venezuela.
Education and affiliationsEdit
Tarre obtain his law degree in 1969 from the Central University of Venezuela (UCV). In 1971, he studied economics and finance at the Institut International d’Administration Publique, and in 1972, received a graduate degree from the Université de Paris II in public law. He also has a degree from the Instituto de Estudios Superiores de Administración (a business school in Venezuela) in advanced management.
Tarre is a senior associate for the Center for Strategic and International Studies. At the Inter-American Dialogue, he was a senior adviser from 2015 to 2016, as an adviser in the Rule of Law program.
Tarre was a member of Venezuela's congress, the Venezuelan Chamber of Deputies, between 1970 and 1999. In the early 90s, he was the whip and minority leader for Copei, the Christian democracy party in Venezuela, He chaired three committees (Energy and Mining, Finance, and Internal Politics), served on three others (Legislation, Armed Forces, and Foreign Policy), and was a member of the Presidential Commission for State Reform. According to his biography for the Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS), "he worked on legislation on the Supreme Court and judicial system, anticorruption, decentralization, congressional ethics, banking, housing, human rights, oil regulations, and Chamber of Deputies regulations, among others".
Tarre specializes in constitutional law; before his nomination as a representative to the OAS, he was in private practice. He was a director of Quórum Asuntos Públicos, a consulting firm specializing in political risk, from 1999 to 2014.
He was a professor for 27 years; at the UCV, he taught constitutional law, and at Simón Bolívar University, he taught political science. At George Washington University in Washington D.C., he is a consultant in the Governance Program for Latin America in the Graduate School of Political Management.
Chavismo and presidential crisisEdit
Tarre has written for CSIS about corruption, democracy, and the Chavista administrations in Venezuela, stating in 2018:
Rarely has a country lived, for a period of almost two decades, in a worse combination of incompetence, mediocrity, systematic theft of public goods and money, ideological perversion, pettiness, lack of scruples, and systematic violation of human rights. ... Corruption is not compatible with democracy. We have seen this story play out in Venezuela, Italy, Brazil, Greece—and now even more recently in Spain and Mexico.
He was accused in 2014 by the then mayor of the Libertador Municipality, Jorge Rodríguez, of being one of the intellectual authors of an alleged plan to assassinate Maduro. Rodríguez claimed that María Corina Machado had written Tarre with instructions for carrying out "the plan"; Henrique Salas Römer and Diego Arria were also accused. Nicolás Maduro's administration accused him, again, of being an "intellectual author" of the Caracas drone attack against Maduro in 2018.
According to El País, Venezuelans Carlos Vecchio and Julio Borges were key in consultations with the Trump administration decision on 22 January to back Juan Guaidó in the 2019 Venezuelan presidential crisis. Guaidó began to appoint individuals in late January to serve as aides or diplomats, including Vecchio as the Guaidó administration's diplomatic envoy to the US, Borges to represent Venezuela in the Lima Group, and Tarre as the special representative from Venezuela to the OAS.
Guaidó contacted Tarre by phone the night before the 22 January decision, asking him to serve as the OAS representative. El Pais quotes Tarre:
"I knew that this was serious, I am a professor of Constitutional Law, I was being called by the President of the Republic and I told him that I was at his service," explains Tarre. By then, he admits, "it was very easy to assume" that important countries like the United States were going to recognize Guaidó, "and part of one's job was to help make that happen." The next day, the 22nd, is when the Assembly votes for Tarre and in the White House the decision is being finalized.
On 9 April, the OAS voted 18 to 9, with six abstentions, to accept Tarre as the ambassador from Venezuela until new elections can be held. The permanent council approved text saying "Nicolas Maduro's presidential authority lacks legitimacy and his designations for government posts, therefore, lack the necessary legitimacy." Antigua and Barbuda, Bolivia, Dominica, Grenada, Mexico, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Suriname, Uruguay and Venezuela voted against the change. Maduro's administration responded calling Tarre a "political usurper". According to the Washington Post, this acceptance undermines Maduro's presence internationally and marks a step in the official recognition of Guaidó's government. Voice of America called it an "historic vote". His appointment in this way encouraged similar actions in other international forums; on 10 April the International Monetary Fund cut off Venezuelan access until a majority of its members recognized a Maduro or Guaidó representative, and the United States Vice President Mike Pence requested that the United Nations replace their ambassador with a Guaidó one.
- Carta Abierta a los Copeyanos. Ediciones Centauro. 1990.
- El Espejo Roto. Editorial Panapo. 1995.
- Luisa y Cristóbal. Fundación para la Cultura Urbana. 2005.
- Solo el Poder Detiene al Poder: La Teoría de la Separación de Poderes y su Aplicación en Venezuela. Editorial Jurídica Venezolana. 2014.
- "Gustavo Tarre: Senior Associate (Non-resident), Americas Program". Center for Strategic and International Studies. Retrieved 29 January 2019.
- "Asamblea nombró a Gustavo Tarre Briceño representante de Venezuela ante la OEA". NTN24 (in Spanish). 22 January 2019. Retrieved 28 January 2019.
- "OAS recognizes opposition envoy as Venezuelan ambassador". Washington Post. 9 April 2019. Retrieved 10 April 2019.
- Tarre, Gustavo (13 July 2018). "Venezuela: Never more". Center for Strategic and International Studies. Retrieved 10 April 2019.
- "El chavismo denuncia supuesto plan de golpe de Estado y magnicidio contra Maduro" [Chavismo denounces supposed plan of coup d'etat and assassination against Maduro] (in Spanish). 28 May 2014. Retrieved 10 April 2019.
- Mars, Amanda (3 February 2019). "Así se lanzó Trump al derribo de Maduro". El País (in Spanish). Retrieved 5 February 2019.
- "Trump administration accepts Guaido ally as Venezuela envoy in U.S." Reuters. 27 January 2019. Retrieved 27 January 2019.
- "Venezuelan Parliament OKs Guaido's diplomatic appointments". Alianza News. 29 January 2019. Retrieved 30 January 2019.
- Mora, Stefany (22 January 2019). "AN designó a Gustavo Tarre Briceño como representante ante la OEA". El Universal (in Spanish). Retrieved 28 January 2019.
- "OAS recognizes Guaido envoy until new Venezuela polls". France 24. Agence France-Press. 9 April 2019. Retrieved 10 April 2019.
- "Histórica votación en la OEA: Gustavo Tarre es el nuevo representante de Venezuela". Voz de América (in Spanish). Retrieved 10 April 2019.
- "Maduro Is Cut Off From $400 Million in Cash Held at the IMF". Bloomberg. Retrieved 10 April 2019.
- "Pence Demands UN Expel Venezuela's Ambassador and Support Guaido". Bloomberg. Retrieved 10 April 2019.
- "A Conversation with Venezuela's New Permanent Representative to the OAS, Special Ambassador Gustavo Tarre". Center for Strategic and International Studies. 29 January 2019. Retrieved 29 January 2019.