Gustav von Wangenheim
Gustav von Wangenheim
Ingo Clemens Gustav Adolf Freiherr von Wangenheim
18 February 1895
|Died||5 August 1975 (aged 80)|
|Spouse(s)||Inge von Wangenheim (née Franke), 1931–1954|
Wangenheim was born Ingo Clemens Gustav Adolf Freiherr von Wangenheim in Wiesbaden, Hesse, to parents Eduard Clemens Freiherr von Wangenheim and Minna Mengers. Both of his parents were performers; his father, who used the stage name Eduard von Winterstein, appeared in over 200 films between 1910 and 1960.
Wangenheim made his screen debut in 1914 in Passionels Tagebuch and went on to star in many silent features. Among his works were Fritz Lang's early science fiction film, Frau im Mond (as "Windegger"), and Karl Heinz Martin's Das Haus zum Mond. In 1921, Wangenheim was cast in what would prove to be his most enduring role, that of Thomas Hutter (Jonathan Harker) in F. W. Murnau's Nosferatu.
A member of the Communist Party of Germany since 1921, Wangenheim founded the Communist theatre company Die Truppe '31 in 1931. Die Truppe '31 produced three plays, authored and directed by Wangenheim, before it was shut down by order of the Nazi regime in 1933.
Wangenheim fled Nazi Germany in the 1930s and found refuge in the Soviet Union. While living in exile at Moscow's Hotel Lux, he continued writing and producing movies, such as Der Kampf (1936), an anti-Nazi protest film, and was the head of the German language Cabaret "Kolonne Links". In 1936, during the Stalinist purges, he denounced his colleagues Carola Neher and Anatol Becker as Trotskyites.
Becker was executed and Neher died in the Gulag system after five years in prison. Von Wangenheim's son later stated the accusations that his father denounced Neher and Becker were one-sided and inaccurate. Gustav von Wangenheim's son claimed his father, after being arrested by the NKVD and a lengthy interrogation, signed a statement that implicated Carola Neher as being "anti soviet" but had in fact explicitly refuted the accusation that Neher and her husband Anatol Becker had planned to murder Stalin.
Wangenheim was married to Inge von Wangenheim, née Franke, from 1931 to 1954, when the marriage was annulled. The couple had one son, Friedel von Wangenheim, and 2 daughters, the twins Elisabeth and Eleonora von Wangenheim. Wangenheim died in East Berlin on August 5, 1975 and is buried in the Friedrichsfelde cemetery in Berlin.
- 1914: Passionels Tagebuch
- 1916: Homunculus. 3. Teil: Die Liebestragödie des Homunculus
- 1916: Das Leid der Liebe
- 1917: The Coquette
- 1918: Ferdinand Lassalle
- 1919/1920: Romeo and Juliet in the Snow
- 1919: Kitsch. Tragödie einer Intrigantin
- 1919: Die Welteroberer
- 1920: Kohlhiesel's Daughters
- 1920: Der Tempel der Liebe
- 1921: The House on the Moon
- 1921: Nosferatu
- 1922/1923: The Stone Rider
- 1922: The Pilgrimage of Love
- 1922: The Fire Ship
- 1923: Schatten – Eine nächtliche Halluzination
- 1928/1929: Woman in the Moon
- 1931: Danton
- 1936: Der Kampf (director/writer)
- 1948: Und wieder 48 (director/writer)
- 1949: Hoegler's Mission (director/writer)
- 1953/1954: Gefährliche Fracht (director)
- 1955: Heimliche Ehen (director/writer)
- 1955/1956: Lied über dem Tal (director)
References in popular cultureEdit
- Eduard von Winterstein
- In a Cold Crater
- Stefan Wolpe: Biography and Much More from Answers.com
- Hans Schoots, Living Dangerously - A Biography of Joris Ivens
- Reinhard Müller "Menschenfalle Moskau. Exil und stalinistische Verfolgung" Hamburg 2001 (in German)
- Vgl. Friedel von Wangenheim: Mein Vater Gustav Frhr. v. Wangenheim und der Fall der Schauspielerin Carola Neher, in: Wangenheim Nachrichten Nr. 25 vom Dezember 1998.
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