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The Arabian Gulf Cup (Arabic: كأس الخليج العربي‎, Kass Al-Khaleej Al-Arabi),[1][2][3] also known as the Gulf Cup of Nations and often referred to simply as the Gulf Cup,[4][5][6] is a biennial football competition for the Arab states of the Arabian Gulf, in addition to neighbouring state Yemen, and is governed by the Arab Gulf Cup Football Federation. The history of the competition has also seen it held every three to four years due to political or organisational problems.[7]

Arabian Gulf Cup
Organising bodyArab Gulf Cup Football Federation
Founded1970
Number of teams8
Current champions Oman
 (2nd title)
Most successful team(s) Kuwait
 (10 titles)
WebsiteGulfCup.com
24th Arabian Gulf Cup

The idea for the tournament was established at the 1968 Summer Olympics, and the first Arabian Gulf Cup took place in 1970 which was won by Kuwait. Kuwait has been the most successful team in the tournament's history, winning 10 tournaments out of 23 in total, while Saudi Arabia, Qatar and Iraq all have three titles. The current champions are Oman, who defeated the United Arab Emirates in a penalty shootout in 2018 to win their second title.

Contents

Increasing popularityEdit

 
View of the jam-packed stadium during the 18th Arabian Gulf Cup in Abu Dhabi in 2007

A major point that helped Qatar improve the competition was the fact that Al Jazeera Sports, the leading sports channel in Western Asia, and North Africa is based in Doha. Al Jazeera Sports won broadcasting rights to the 2004, and exclusively in the 19th Arabian Gulf Cup in 2009[8] after a deal ending in million,[9] and dramatically reformed the Arabian Gulf Cup by hosting numerous talk shows and documentaries, on top of filming in HD and perfecting camerawork of matches.[10]

The Tournament saw major attendances such as the attendance of matches by powerful people in football including FIFA President, Sepp Blatter,[11] and UEFA president, Michel Platini.[12][13] The FIFA Executive Committee has also put on their October 4, 2013 meeting agenda to hear the proposal for the Arabian Gulf Cup to be included in the international match calendar.[14]

ResultsEdit

Edition Year Host Final Third Place Match
Champions Score Runners-up Third Place Score Fourth Place
1st
Details
1970   Bahrain  
Kuwait
round-robin  
Bahrain
 
Saudi Arabia
round-robin  
Qatar
2nd
Details
1972   Saudi Arabia  
Kuwait
round-robin  
Saudi Arabia
 
United Arab Emirates
round-robin  
Qatar
3rd
Details
1974   Kuwait  
Kuwait
4 – 0  
Saudi Arabia
 
United Arab Emirates
1 – 1
(3–0)
penalties
 
Qatar
4th
Details
1976   Qatar  
Kuwait
4 – 2  
Iraq
 
Qatar
round-robin  
Bahrain
5th
Details
1979   Iraq  
Iraq
round-robin  
Kuwait
 
Saudi Arabia
round-robin  
Bahrain
6th
Details
1982   United Arab Emirates  
Kuwait
round-robin  
Bahrain
 
United Arab Emirates
round-robin  
Saudi Arabia
7th
Details
1984   Oman  
Iraq
1 – 1
(4–3)
penalties
 
Qatar
 
Saudi Arabia
round-robin  
United Arab Emirates
8th
Details
1986   Bahrain  
Kuwait
round-robin  
United Arab Emirates
 
Saudi Arabia
round-robin  
Qatar
9th
Details
1988   Saudi Arabia  
Iraq
round-robin  
United Arab Emirates
 
Saudi Arabia
round-robin  
Bahrain
10th
Details
1990   Kuwait  
Kuwait
round-robin  
Qatar
 
Bahrain
round-robin  
Oman
11th
Details
1992   Qatar  
Qatar
round-robin  
Bahrain
 
Saudi Arabia
round-robin  
United Arab Emirates
12th
Details
1994   United Arab Emirates  
Saudi Arabia
round-robin  
United Arab Emirates
 
Bahrain
round-robin  
Qatar
13th
Details
1996   Oman  
Kuwait
round-robin  
Qatar
 
Saudi Arabia
round-robin  
United Arab Emirates
14th
Details
1998   Bahrain  
Kuwait
round-robin  
Saudi Arabia
 
United Arab Emirates
round-robin  
Oman
15th
Details
2002   Saudi Arabia  
Saudi Arabia
round-robin  
Qatar
 
Kuwait
round-robin  
Bahrain
16th
Details
2003–04   Kuwait  
Saudi Arabia
round-robin  
Bahrain
 
Qatar
round-robin  
Oman
17th
Details
2004   Qatar  
Qatar
1 – 1
(6–5)
penalties
 
Oman
 
Bahrain
3 – 1  
Kuwait
18th
Details
2007   United Arab Emirates  
United Arab Emirates
1 – 0  
Oman
  Saudi Arabia /   Bahrain
No 3rd Place Match
19th
Details
2009   Oman  
Oman
0 – 0
(6–5)
penalties
 
Saudi Arabia
  Kuwait /   Qatar
No 3rd Place Match
20th
Details
2010   Yemen  
Kuwait
1 – 0  
Saudi Arabia
  Iraq /   United Arab Emirates
No 3rd Place Match
21st
Details
2013   Bahrain  
United Arab Emirates
2 – 1
(a.e.t.)
 
Iraq
 
Kuwait
6 – 1  
Bahrain
22nd
Details
2014   Saudi Arabia  
Qatar
2 – 1  
Saudi Arabia
 
United Arab Emirates
1 – 0  
Oman
23rd
Details
2017–18   Kuwait  
Oman
0 – 0
(5–4)
penalties
 
United Arab Emirates
  Iraq /   Bahrain
No 3rd Place Match
24th
Details
2019   Qatar

Top four finishesEdit

Team Winners Runners-up Third-place Fourth-place Semi-finals (No 3rd Place Match) Top 4 Finishes
  Kuwait 10 (1970, 1972, 1974*, 1976, 1982, 1986, 1990*, 1996, 1998, 2010) 1 (1979) 2 (2002, 2013) 1 (2004) 1 (2009) 15
  Saudi Arabia 3 (1994, 2002*, 2003) 7 (1972*, 1974, 1992, 1998, 2009, 2010, 2014*) 7 (1970, 1979, 1984, 1986, 1988*, 1992, 1996) 1 (1982) 1 (2007) 19
  Qatar 3 (1992*, 2004*, 2014) 4 (1984, 1990, 1996, 2002) 2 (1976*, 2003) 5 (1970, 1972, 1974, 1986, 1994) 1 (2009) 15
  Iraq 3 (1979*, 1984, 1988) 2 (1976, 2013) 2 (2010, 2017) 7
  United Arab Emirates 2 (2007*, 2013) 4 (1986, 1988, 1994*, 2017) 5 (1972, 1974, 1982*, 1998, 2014) 3 (1984, 1992, 1996) 1 (2010) 15
  Oman 2 (2009*, 2017) 2 (2004, 2007) 4 (1990, 1998, 2003, 2014) 8
  Bahrain 4 (1970*, 1982, 1992, 2003) 3 (1990, 1994, 2004) 5 (1976, 1979, 1988, 2002, 2013*) 2 (2007, 2017) 14
  Yemen 0

Note:

  • An asterisk (*) beside the year in the above table means that country hosted the tournament.

Medal TableEdit

As of 2018
RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1  Kuwait101314
2  Saudi Arabia36817
3  Qatar34310
4  Iraq3227
5  United Arab Emirates24612
6  Oman2204
7  Bahrain0459
Totals (7 nations)23232773

Participating nationsEdit

Team  
1970
 
1972
 
1974
 
1976
 
1979
 
1982
 
1984
 
1986
 
1988
 
1990
 
1992
 
1994
 
1996
 
1998
 
2002
 
2003
 
2004
 
2007
 
2009
 
2010
 
2013
 
2014
 
2017
 
2019
Total
  Bahrain 2nd WD GS 4th 4th 2nd GS GS 4th 3rd 2nd 3rd GS GS GS 2nd 3rd SF GS GS 4th GS SF 23
  Iraq 2nd 1st WD 1st GS 1st WD GS GS GS SF 2nd GS SF 14
  Kuwait 1st 1st 1st 1st 2nd 1st GS 1st GS 1st GS GS 1st 1st 3rd GS 4th GS SF 1st 3rd GS GS 23
  Oman GS GS GS GS GS GS GS 4th GS GS GS 4th GS 4th 2nd 2nd 1st GS GS 4th 1st 21
  Qatar 4th 4th 3rd 3rd GS GS 2nd 4th GS 2nd 1st 4th 2nd GS 2nd 3rd 1st GS SF GS GS 1st GS 23
  Saudi Arabia 3rd 2nd 2nd GS 3rd 4th 3rd 3rd 3rd 3rd 1st 3rd 2nd 1st 1st GS SF 2nd 2nd GS 2nd GS 22
  United Arab Emirates 3rd 4th GS GS 3rd 4th 2nd 2nd GS 4th 2nd 4th 3rd GS GS GS 1st GS SF 1st 3rd 2nd 22
  Yemen GS GS GS GS GS GS GS GS 8
Total 4 5 6 7 7 7 7 7 7 6 6 6 6 6 6 7 8 8 8 8 8 8 8

Legend:

  • #: Invitee
  • Red border: Host Nation
  • Blank: Did Not Enter
  • TBD: To Be Determined
  • GS: Group Stage
  • SF: Semifinalists (No 3rd Place Match)
  • WD: Withdrew

Note:

  •   Iraq was banned from the competition from 1992 to 2003.
  •   Bahrain and   Yemen have not yet won the championship.
  • There were no third place playoffs for the Arabian Gulf Cup in 2007, 2009, 2010 and 2017–18.

General statisticsEdit

As end of 2018

Rank Team Part Pld W D L GF GA Dif Pts Best Finish
1   Kuwait 23 110 56 23 31 194 105 +89 191 Winner
2   Saudi Arabia 22 105 54 25 26 157 97 +60 190 Winner
3   United Arab Emirates 22 108 40 29 39 112 136 −24 149 Winner
4   Qatar 23 108 39 31 38 125 129 −4 148 Winner
5   Bahrain 22 103 31 33 39 110 129 −19 126 Runner-Up
6   Iraq 14 57 26 20 11 102 54 +48 98 Winner
7   Oman 21 104 19 26 59 81 176 −95 83 Winner
8   Yemen 8 27 0 5 22 9 68 −59 5 Group Stage

Source: [15]

All-time goal recordsEdit

All-time goal records by Tournaments:[16]

Tournaments Games Goals Scored Goals per Game
1970 6 19 3.17
1972 6 25 4.17
1974 10 40 4.00
1976 22 84 3.82
1979 21 70 3.33
1982 15 38 2.53
1984 22 51 2.32
1986 21 53 2.52
1988 21 34 1.62
1990 10 21 2.10
1992 15 30 2.00
1994 15 34 2.27
1996 15 35 2.33
1998 15 40 2.67
2002 15 33 2.20
2003–04 21 46 2.19
2004 16 59 3.69
2007 15 34 2.27
2009 15 31 2.07
2010 15 30 2.00
2013 16 36 2.25
2014 16 33 2.06
2017–18 15 23 1.53

Does not include goals from annulled or abandoned games (1972 – Bahrain games, 1982 & 1990 Iraq games)

Includes 1974 Preliminary Round games

Does not include penalty shoot-out goals

All-time top scorersEdit

Player Country Goals
1 Jasem Yaqoub   Kuwait 18
2 Majed Abdullah   Saudi Arabia 17
Hussein Saeed   Iraq 17
4 Jasem Al Huwaidi   Kuwait 14
Faisal Al-Dakhil   Kuwait 14
6 Mansour Muftah   Qatar 13
7 Yussef Al-Suwayed   Kuwait 12
8 Bader Al-Mutawa   Kuwait 12
Fahad Khamees   United Arab Emirates 10
Mahmoud Soufi   Qatar 10
Yasser Al-Qahtani   Saudi Arabia 10

Golden boot historyEdit

Year Player Goals scored
1970   Mohammed Masawd 3
  Jawad Khalif
1972   Hamad Bu Hamood 6
1974   Jasem Yaqoub 6
1976   Jasem Yaqoub 9
1979   Hussein Saeed 10
1982   Ebrahim Zwaeed 3
  Saleem Khalifa
  Yussif Swaid
  Majed Abdullah
1984   Hussain Saeed 7
1986   Fahad Khamees 6
1988   Zuhair Bukheet 4
  Ahmad Radhi
1990   Mohammed Ebrahim Hajeyah 5
1992   Mubarak Mustafa 3
1994   Fuad Anwar 4
  Mahmoud Soufi
1996   Mohammed Salem Al-Enazi 4
1998   Jasem Al Huwaidi 9
2002   Hani Al-Dhabit 5
2003–04   Talal Yousef 5
2004   Amad Al Hosni 4
2007   Ismail Matar 5
2009   Hassan Rabia 4
2010   Bader Al-Mutawa 3
  Alaa Abdul-Zahra
2013   Ahmed Khalil 3
  Abdulhadi Khamis
2014   Ali Mabkhout 5
2017–18   Ali Husni 2
  Ali Faez
  Jamal Rashid
  Almoez Ali
  Said Al-Ruzaiqi

Other recordsEdit

  • Biggest Win – 8 Goals
  Kuwait 8 – 0   Oman (29 March 1976)
  • Most Goals in a game – 8 Goals
  Kuwait 8 – 0   Oman (29 March 1976)
  • Most Individual Goals in a Single Game – 5 Goals
Majed Abdullah   Saudi Arabia (3 April 1979 vs. Qatar)
Jassem Al Houwaidi   Kuwait (1998 vs. Qatar)
  • Most Individual Goals in a Single Tournament – 10 Goals
Hussein Saeed   Iraq (1979)

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "FIFA President impressed with Gulf Cup kick-off". FIFA.com.
  2. ^ "Arabian Gulf Cup 23 2017". Kooora.
  3. ^ "The Official Logo of the Arabian Gulf Cup". Kuwait Football Association.
  4. ^ https://en.as.com/en/2017/12/13/football/1513168924_607294.html
  5. ^ https://int.soccerway.com/international/asia/gulf-cup/2016-kuwait/s11264/final-stages/
  6. ^ http://www.aljazeera.com/news/2018/01/dozens-injured-oman-gulf-cup-win-celebrations-180106145247748.html
  7. ^ Editorial, Reuters. "Iraq pull out of Gulf Cup in spat with Saudi Arabia".
  8. ^ http://gulfnews.com/sport/football/uae-fans-could-be-deprived-of-gulf-cup-action-1.43346 – Al Jazeera win rights from Abu Dhabi & Dubai Sports, in a competition that was broadcast freely just a decade ago
  9. ^ http://m.sportbusiness.com/news/168199/al-jazeera-acquires-gulf-cup-rights Archived 2011-07-16 at the Wayback Machine – Al Jazeera Sports receive full broadcasting rights for 23.5 million dollars
  10. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2009-02-21. Retrieved 2010-02-07.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link) – Al Jazeera Sports offer the Gulf Cup in HD for the first time, and offer further enhanced visual graphics
  11. ^ http://www.gulf-cup.net/index.asp?IDNews=125&id=100001 – Sepp Blatter on the 19th Gulf Cup
  12. ^ http://www.gettyimages.com/detail/84173262/AFP – Michel Platini attending the 19th Gulf Cup
  13. ^ http://www.gettyimages.com/detail/84167684/AFP – Michel Platini attending the 19th Gulf Cup
  14. ^ https://www.fifa.com/mm/document/affederation/bodies/02/17/94/91/13920_excooctober_agenda_en_13-02270_101_en_en_13-02410_101_en_en_neutral.pdf
  15. ^ "General stats for all teams – Mundial 11". Mundial 11. Archived from the original on 19 March 2017. Retrieved 24 December 2017.
  16. ^ Statistics made by contributor based on information found on gulfcup.com Archived 2006-02-05 at the Wayback Machine

External linksEdit