Guillaume de Lamboy, Baron of Cortesheim

Guillaume III de Lamboy de Dessener, 1590 to 1659, was a Field Marshal, in the Imperial Army, who served in the 1618 to 1648 Thirty Years War, and the 1635 to 1659 Franco-Spanish War.

Guillaume III de Lamboy de Dessener
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Guillaume III de Lamboy de Dessener
Born1590
Died12 December 1659 1659 (aged 68–69)
Dymokury, Bohemia
AllegianceSpain Spain
 Holy Roman Empire
Years of service1618–1648
RankImperial Field Marshal
Commands heldFrench Viceroy of Catalonia, 1642-1645, 1651-1652
Battles/warsThirty Years War
Bohemian Revolt, 1618-1621; Hanau-Münzenberg, 1635-1636 Kempen, 1642; Wevelinghoven, 1648
Franco-Spanish War
Les Avins, 1635; Saint-Omer, 1638; Arras, 1640; La Marfée, 1641;

Born in Kortessem, then in the Spanish Netherlands, now Limburg, Belgium, Lamboy was a member of the Catholic, French-speaking, Walloon nobility. During the Dutch Revolt, they remained loyal to the Habsburg rulers of Spain and the Holy Roman Empire.

In 1636, he commanded Imperial troops during a nine month siege of Hanau, before being forced to retreat, an event still commemorated each June in the Lamboyfest.

He retired from active service after the 1648 Treaty of Westphalia, and settled in Bohemia, where he died 12 December 1659.

LifeEdit

 
The family home, Dessener Castle

De Lamboy was born in Kortessem, or Corteshem, then part of the Spanish Netherlands, now Limburg, Belgium. His parents were Guillaume II de Lamboy, whose family settled near Liège during the 14th century, and Marghareth de Méan.[1]

His father belonged to the Catholic, French-speaking Walloon nobility loyal to the Habsburg rulers of Spain, and the Holy Roman Empire. He is thought to be the Colonel Lamboy killed at Lützen in 1632.[2]

Lamboy's sister, Anne Catherine (1609-1675), was Abbess of Herkenrode Abbey, from 1653 until her death.[3]

He married Sybilla von Boyneburg, (died 1687), daughter of Johann von Bemmelburg zu Boyneburgk, governor of Innsbruck. They had four daughters and a son, Johann de Lamboy (died 1669).

Together with Cardinal von Harrach, Archbishop of Prague, Sybilla helped establish an Ursuline convent in Prague.[4] Its church, St. Voršily (Czech), or St Ursula, was completed in 1672, and is considered an important example of Baroque architecture.[5]

CareerEdit

 
Mural commemorating the Lamboyfest in Hanau

Lamboy's military career began during the Thirty Years War in 1619, when he served under Bucquoy (1571-1621), commander of the Imperial army sent to suppress the Bohemian Revolt.

In 1635, he commanded Imperial troops at the siege of Hanau-Münzenberg, which was relieved after nine months, an event commemorated for [6]

He became imperial and royal war Councillor and participated in the Battle of Kempen and the Battle of Wevelinghoven.[7]

ResidenceEdit

He rebuilt Dessener Castle, the family estate in 1640.[8] He is buried inside the church of Wintershofen next to his parents.[9]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Becdelièvre-Hamal 1837, p. 142.
  2. ^ Scheler 1862, p. 58.
  3. ^ Becdelièvre-Hamal 1837, p. 239.
  4. ^ Keller & Catalano 2010, p. 444.
  5. ^ "Church of St. Ursula / Kostel Sv. Voršily (Prague)". Waymarking.com. Retrieved 8 March 2020.
  6. ^ Ward 1976, p. 371.
  7. ^ "Zoeken - Rijksmuseum". Retrieved 31 March 2018.
  8. ^ "Kasteel en hoeve Dessener". Inventaris Onroerend Erfgoed. Retrieved 31 March 2018.
  9. ^ "van de Lamboy de Dessener, Willem". BALaT KIK-IRPA. Retrieved 31 March 2018.

SourcesEdit

  • Becdelièvre-Hamal, Antoine Gabriel de (1837). Biographie liégeoise: Volume 2. Jeunehomme.
  • Keller, Katrin; Catalano, Alessandro (2010). Die Diarien und Tagzettel des Kardinals Ernst Adalbert von Harrach (1598–1667) (in German). IV. Böhlau Verlag. ISBN 978-3-205-79008-2.
  • Scheler, Auguste (1862). Le bibliophile belge, Volume XVIII. Huessner.
  • Ward, William A (1976). Cambridge Modern History (13 Cb: Modern History 13 Vl. Routledge. ISBN 978-0714630649.

External linksEdit