Battle of Les Avins

The Battle of Les Avins or Battle of Avein was fought on 20 May 1635 during the Thirty Years' War between a French and a Spanish army.

Battle of Les Avins
Part of the Thirty Years' War and the
Franco-Spanish War (1635–59)
Bataille d'Avein.jpg
Date20 May 1635
Location
Les Avins, Huy (present-day Belgium)
Result French victory
Belligerents
 France  Spain
Commanders and leaders
Urbain de Maillé-Brezé
Maréchal de Châtillon
Prince Thomas Francis
Strength

26,500[1]


22,000 infantry
4,500 cavalry
14,000
Casualties and losses
Unknown 4,000 dead, wounded or captured[1]

The battle was fought in the Belgian village of Les Avins, south of Huy, in what was then the bishopric of Liège. It was the first serious engagement for the French, who had entered the war only three months before.

The French army was under command of Marshals of France Urbain de Maillé-Brézé and Gaspard III de Coligny, Maréchal de Châtillon. The Spanish were commanded by Thomas Francis, Prince of Carignano.

The Spanish army, inferior in numbers, was surrounded and completely defeated in just a few hours. Some 4,000 Spanish were killed, wounded and captured.[1]

ConsequencesEdit

The French army joined up with the Dutch coming from the north, but their disagreements gave the Spanish the time to reorganize themselves. They harassed the French with quick cavalry raids. The French army also suffered from lack of supplies and money, which led to widespread desertions. The Siege of Leuven in 1635 by the Franco-Dutch army was a complete failure.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c Guthrie 2003, p. 190.

SourcesEdit

  • Guthrie, William. P. (2003). The Later Thirty Years War: From the Battle of Wittstock to the Treaty of Westphalia. Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Press. ISBN 0-313-32408-5.
  • Hardÿ de Périni, Batailles françaises, Louis XIII et Richelieu, 1621-1643, Ernest Flammarion, Paris, 1894
  • An article by a local historian (in French)
  • Institut de Stratégie Comparée (In French)

Coordinates: 50°24′00″N 5°16′59″E / 50.4000°N 5.2830°E / 50.4000; 5.2830