Battle of Les Avins
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The Battle of Les Avins or Battle of Avein was fought on 20 May 1635 during the Thirty Years' War between a French and a Spanish army.
|Battle of Les Avins|
|Part of the Thirty Years' War and the |
Franco-Spanish War (1635–59)
|Commanders and leaders|
Urbain de Maillé-Brezé|
Maréchal de Châtillon
|Prince Thomas Francis|
|Casualties and losses|
|Unknown||4,000 dead, wounded or captured|
The battle was fought in the Belgian village of Les Avins, south of Huy, in what was then the bishopric of Liège. It was the first serious engagement for the French, who had entered the war only three months before.
The Spanish army, inferior in numbers, was surrounded and completely defeated in just a few hours. Some 4,000 Spanish were killed, wounded and captured.
The French army joined up with the Dutch coming from the north, but their disagreements gave the Spanish the time to reorganize themselves. They harassed the French with quick cavalry raids. The French army also suffered from lack of supplies and money, which led to widespread desertions. The Siege of Leuven in 1635 by the Franco-Dutch army was a complete failure.
- Guthrie 2003, p. 190.
- Guthrie, William. P. (2003). The Later Thirty Years War: From the Battle of Wittstock to the Treaty of Westphalia. Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Press. ISBN 0-313-32408-5.
- Hardÿ de Périni, Batailles françaises, Louis XIII et Richelieu, 1621-1643, Ernest Flammarion, Paris, 1894
- An article by a local historian (in French)
- Institut de Stratégie Comparée (In French)