Guilherme Posser da Costa

Guilherme Posser da Costa (born 18 May 1953)[1][2] is a São Toméan who served as the ninth prime minister of São Tomé and Príncipe from 1999 to 2001.

Guilherme Posser da Costa
Posser da Costa in 2018
9th Prime Minister of São Tomé and Príncipe
In office
5 January 1999 – 26 September 2001
PresidentMiguel Trovoada
Fradique de Menezes
Preceded byRaul Bragança Neto
Succeeded byEvaristo Carvalho
Personal details
Born (1953-05-18) 18 May 1953 (age 71)
São Tomé
Political partyMLSTP/PSD
Alma materUniversity of Coimbra

Posser da Costa served as Minister of Foreign Affairs: 1987–1988, 1990–1991, and 1994–1996. He later served as Prime Minister from 5 January 1999 to 26 September 2001.


Posser da Costa in 1995

Guilherme Posser da Costa was born on 18 May 1953 in São Tomé, the main city of then-Portuguese São Tomé and Príncipe. He studied law at the University of Coimbra in Portugal, specializing in legal science; he graduated in June 1978. He is married and has three children.[3]

Posser da Costa pursued a political career in the Movement for the Liberation of Sao Tome and Principe/Social Democratic Party (MLSTP/PSD), which was the sole legal party until the introduction of a multiparty system in 1991. He has held the parliamentary functions of deputy and vice-president of the National Assembly. Within the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Posser da Costa served as Director of Political Affairs, Secretary of State and then Minister on three occasions: from 1987 to 1988, 1990 to 1991, and 1994 to 1996. He has also been Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary to Belgium, France, Germany, the Netherlands, Sweden, the European Community, and the Food and Agriculture Organization.[3] He was Prime Minister from 5 January 1999 to 26 September 2001.[4]

In early November 2004, Posser da Costa allegedly damaged the office of Attorney General Adelino Pereira in an attack. Pereira said this was due to an investigation regarding embezzlement of aid funds and ordered Posser da Costa's arrest.[5] Due to the alleged attack, Posser da Costa resigned from parliament on 15 February 2005, just before his parliamentary immunity was to be removed.[4] On 18 March 2005, he received a two-year suspended sentence for damaging Pereira's office and "insulting public authority"; he was also required to pay compensation. For his part, Posser da Costa said that Pereira had falsely accused him of being involved in the embezzlement of aid funds, and that he had only been a witness in that case, not a suspect.[6]

Posser da Costa was a member of the National Commission and the Political Commission of the MLSTP/PSD, and Vice President under the leadership of founder and former President Manuel Pinto da Costa. At the Fourth Congress of the MLSTP/PSD, Posser da Costa was elected party President on 27 February 2005, succeeding Pinto da Costa. There were 708 votes in favor of Posser da Costa, who was the only candidate, and three votes against him.[7] He held this position until 2010, when he was replaced by Aurelio Martins.[3]

Posser da Costa was nominated as the MLSTP/PSD candidate in the 2021 presidential election. Although he won the support of the MLSTP/PSD National Council with 83% of the vote, his competitors for the nomination chose to register as independent candidates in the election.[8]




  1. ^ Biografia dos deputados da VII legislatura (in Portuguese). Departamento de Documentação e Informação Parlamentar (DDIP). 2006. p. 16. OCLC 277052406.
  2. ^ "Biografia de Guilherme Posser da Costa". Retrieved 5 September 2021.
  3. ^ a b c "Quem é Guilherme Posser da Costa?". Téla Nón (in European Portuguese). 13 April 2021. Retrieved 5 September 2021.
  4. ^ a b "Sao Tome's ex-PM accuses president of "insulting" parliament", Xinhua, February 17, 2005.
  5. ^ "Sao Tome's ex-PM arrested over alleged embezzlement of aid fund", Xinhua, November 5, 2004.
  6. ^ "Sao Tome's ex-PM gets suspended sentence for damaging top lawyer's office", Xinhua, March 19, 2005.
  7. ^ "Election de maréchal pour Guilherme Posser da Costa",, February 27, 2005. " - Election de maréchal pour Guilherme Posser da Costa" (in French). Archived from the original on 20 March 2006. Retrieved 20 March 2006..
  8. ^ Veiga, Abel (22 March 2021). "Guilherme Posser é candidato do MLSTP às eleições presidenciais". Téla Nón (in European Portuguese). Retrieved 5 September 2021.
  9. ^ "Estrangeiros com Ordens Portuguesas". Presidência da República Portuguesa (in Portuguese). Retrieved 10 October 2021.
Preceded by Foreign Minister of São Tomé and Príncipe
Succeeded by
Preceded by Foreign Minister of São Tomé and Príncipe
Succeeded by
Preceded by Foreign Minister of São Tomé and Príncipe
Succeeded by
Preceded by Prime Minister of São Tomé and Príncipe
Succeeded by