Evaristo Carvalho

Evaristo do Espírito Santo Carvalho (born 22 October 1942) is a São Toméan politician who has been President of São Tomé and Príncipe since 3 September 2016. He was previously the Prime Minister of the country on two occasions.

Evaristo Carvalho
Evaristo Carvalho 2016.jpg
4th President of São Tomé and Príncipe
Assumed office
3 September 2016
Prime MinisterPatrice Trovoada
Jorge Bom Jesus
Preceded byManuel Pinto da Costa
5th Prime Minister of São Tomé and Príncipe
In office
26 September 2001 – 28 March 2002
PresidentFradique de Menezes
Preceded byGuilherme Posser da Costa
Succeeded byGabriel Costa
In office
7 July 1994 – 25 October 1994
PresidentMiguel Trovoada
Preceded byNorberto Costa Alegre
Succeeded byCarlos Graça
Personal details
Evaristo do Espírito Santo Carvalho

(1942-10-22) 22 October 1942 (age 77)
São Tomé and Príncipe
Political partyIndependent Democratic Action

Political careerEdit

He was previously Prime Minister of São Tomé and Príncipe from 7 July 1994 to 25 October 1994 and again from 26 September 2001 to 28 March 2002. He is a member of the Independent Democratic Action (ADI) party.[1]

Carvalho contested the 2011 São Toméan presidential election, while he was the speaker for the National Assembly.[2] He had been supported in his campaign by then current Prime Minister Patrice Trovoada.[3] Carvalho finished second in the first round with 21.8 percent of the vote, behind former president, Manuel Pinto da Costa. Costa was victorious in the two person runoff election, with 52.9 percent of the vote.[2] Carvalho subsequently became vice president of the ADI.[4]


In the July 2016 presidential election, Carvalho won the most votes but fell slightly short of a majority with 49.8 percent, so a second round runoff was held a few weeks later. However, Costa, the incumbent president, withdrew from the 7 August runoff poll, alleging fraud in the July election. This effectively handed the presidency to Carvalho.[5] He was inaugurated into the role on 3 September. The election process was well received internationally, with a United States Department of State press release stating that "This election is a yet another demonstration of Sao Tome and Principe’s long-standing commitment to democratic values. Through their exemplary conduct, the people of Sao Tome and Principe continue to serve as a beacon of democracy for other countries."[6]


  1. ^ "Should we celebrate when an African country has a peaceful election?". Nepad. 19 July 2016. Archived from the original on 7 January 2018. Retrieved 26 November 2016.
  2. ^ a b Lansford, Tom, ed. (2015). Political Handbook of 2015. Los Angeles: CQ Press. ISBN 978-148337-158-0.
  3. ^ Britannica Book of the Year 2012. Chicago: Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. 2012. ISBN 978-1-61535-618-8.
  4. ^ Peyton, Nellie (8 August 2016). "Sao Tome's ex-prime minister elected president in one-man race". Reuters. Retrieved 26 November 2016.
  5. ^ "Sao Tome and Principe president boycotts own run-off vote". BBC News. 8 August 2016. Retrieved 26 November 2016.
  6. ^ "Congratulations to Sao Tome and Principe's New President Evaristo Carvalho". U.S. Department of State. 3 September 2016. Retrieved 26 November 2016.
Political offices
Preceded by
Norberto Costa Alegre
Prime Minister of São Tomé and Príncipe
Succeeded by
Carlos Graça
Preceded by
Guilherme Posser da Costa
Prime Minister of São Tomé and Príncipe
Succeeded by
Gabriel Costa
Preceded by
Arzemiro dos Prazeres
President of the National Assemly
Succeeded by
Alcino Pinto
Preceded by
Manuel Pinto da Costa
President of São Tomé and Príncipe