Evaristo Carvalho

Evaristo do Espírito Santo Carvalho (22 October 1941 – 28 May 2022) was a São Toméan politician who served as the fourth president of São Tomé and Príncipe from 2016 to 2021. He was previously the prime minister of the country on two occasions.

Evaristo Carvalho
Evaristo Carvalho 2016.jpg
4th President of São Tomé and Príncipe
In office
3 September 2016 – 2 October 2021
Prime MinisterPatrice Trovoada
Jorge Bom Jesus
Preceded byManuel Pinto da Costa
Succeeded byCarlos Vila Nova
5th Prime Minister of São Tomé and Príncipe
In office
26 September 2001 – 28 March 2002
PresidentFradique de Menezes
Preceded byGuilherme Posser da Costa
Succeeded byGabriel Costa
In office
7 July 1994 – 25 October 1994
PresidentMiguel Trovoada
Preceded byNorberto Costa Alegre
Succeeded byCarlos Graça
Personal details
Evaristo do Espírito Santo Carvalho

(1941-10-22)22 October 1941
Bombom, São Tomé e Príncipe, Portugal
Died28 May 2022(2022-05-28) (aged 80)
Lisbon, Portugal
Political partyIndependent Democratic Action

Political careerEdit

Carvalho was prime minister of São Tomé and Príncipe from 7 July 1994 to 25 October 1994 and again from 26 September 2001 to 28 March 2002. He was a member of the Independent Democratic Action (ADI) party.[1]

Carvalho contested the 2011 São Toméan presidential election, while he was the President of the National Assembly.[2] He had been supported in his campaign by then current Prime Minister Patrice Trovoada.[3] Carvalho finished second in the first round with 21.8 percent of the vote, behind former president, Manuel Pinto da Costa. Costa was victorious in the two person runoff election, with 52.9 percent of the vote.[2] Carvalho subsequently became vice president of the ADI.[4]


In the July 2016 presidential election, Carvalho won the most votes but fell slightly short of a majority with 49.8 percent, so a second round runoff was held a few weeks later. However, Costa, the incumbent president, withdrew from the 7 August runoff poll, alleging fraud in the July election. This effectively handed the presidency to Carvalho.[5] He was inaugurated into the role on 3 September. The election process was well received internationally, with a United States Department of State press release stating that "This election is a yet another demonstration of São Tomé and Príncipe's long-standing commitment to democratic values. Through their exemplary conduct, the people of São Tomé and Príncipe continue to serve as a beacon of democracy for other countries."[6]


On 28 May 2022, Carvalho died following a prolonged illness.[7] He was 80.


  1. ^ "Should we celebrate when an African country has a peaceful election?". Nepad. 19 July 2016. Archived from the original on 7 January 2018. Retrieved 26 November 2016.
  2. ^ a b Lansford, Tom, ed. (2015). Political Handbook of 2015. Los Angeles: CQ Press. ISBN 978-148337-158-0.
  3. ^ Britannica Book of the Year 2012. Chicago: Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. 2012. ISBN 978-1-61535-618-8.
  4. ^ Peyton, Nellie (8 August 2016). "Sao Tome's ex-prime minister elected president in one-man race". Reuters. Archived from the original on 8 August 2016. Retrieved 26 November 2016.
  5. ^ "Sao Tomé and Principe president boycotts own run-off vote". BBC News. 8 August 2016. Retrieved 26 November 2016.
  6. ^ "Congratulations to Sao Tomé and Principe's New President Evaristo Carvalho". U.S. Department of State. 3 September 2016. Retrieved 26 November 2016.
  7. ^ Morreu Evaristo Carvalho, antigo Presidente são-tomense (in Portuguese). Retrieved 29 May 2022.