Gu County

Gu County or Guxian (simplified Chinese: 古县; traditional Chinese: 古縣; pinyin: Gǔ Xiàn) is a county in the south of Shanxi Province, China, under the administration of the prefecture-level city of Linfen.[1] The county spans an area of 1,196 square kilometers, and has a population of 91,798 as of 2010.[1][2]

Gu County

古县
Guxian is located in Shanxi
Guxian
Guxian
Location of the seat in Shanxi
Coordinates: 36°16′03″N 111°55′11″E / 36.26750°N 111.91972°E / 36.26750; 111.91972Coordinates: 36°16′03″N 111°55′11″E / 36.26750°N 111.91972°E / 36.26750; 111.91972
CountryPeople's Republic of China
ProvinceShanxi
Prefecture-level cityLinfen
Area
 • Total1,196 km2 (462 sq mi)
Population
 (2010)[2]
 • Total91,798
 • Density77/km2 (200/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)
Postal code
042400
Websitehttp://www.guxian.gov.cn/

HistoryEdit

The area was first incorporated under Emperor Xiaozhuang of the Northern Wei Dynasty in 528 CE under the name Anze County (安泽县).[3] The county was placed under the administration of Qinzhou [zh] upon its formation in 596 CE, during the Sui Dynasty.[3]

In 606 CE the Anze County was renamed to Yueyang County (岳阳县).[3] Yueyang County underwent numerous boundary changes, but retained its name until 1914, when its name was reverted to Anze County.[3] During the Republic of China, the county belonged to Hedong Circuit [zh], but underwent various reorganizations during the Japanese Invasion of China.[3]

In August 1971, Gu County was formed with seven townships from Anze County and three from Fushan County.[3] In 1973, the county center was built up from Zhangjiagou Village (张家沟村) and Wanli Village (湾里村).[3]

GeographyEdit

Gu County spans an area of 1,196 kilometers, and ranges in altitude from 590 meters to 2,346 meters in height.[1] The main rivers which flow through the county include the Jian River, the Shibi River, the Lin River, the Guxian River, and the Caizi River.[1]

Administrative divisionsEdit

The county is divided into four towns and three townships.[1][4] The county government is stationed in the town of Yueyang [zh].[1]

The county's four towns are Yueyang, Beiping [zh], Guyang [zh], and Jiuxian [zh].[1][4]

The county's three townships are Shibi Township [zh], Yongle Township [zh], and Nanyuan Township [zh].[1][4]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i 古县概况地图. xzqh.org (in Chinese). 2016-10-18. Archived from the original on 2019-05-13. Retrieved 2020-06-27.
  2. ^ a b 临汾市2010年第六次全国人口普查主要数据公报. web.archive.org (in Chinese). 2011-06-16. Archived from the original on 2013-08-17. Retrieved 2020-06-27.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g 历史渊源. Gu County People's Government Web Portal (in Chinese). 2013-06-20. Archived from the original on 2015-04-07. Retrieved 2020-06-27.
  4. ^ a b c 2019年统计用区划代码. www.stats.gov.cn (in Chinese). 2019. Archived from the original on 2020-06-27. Retrieved 2020-06-27.