Gu County or Guxian (simplified Chinese: 古县; traditional Chinese: 古縣; pinyin: Gǔ Xiàn) is a county in the south of Shanxi Province, China, under the administration of the prefecture-level city of Linfen. The county spans an area of 1,196 square kilometers, and has a population of 91,798 as of 2010.
|Country||People's Republic of China|
|• Total||1,196 km2 (462 sq mi)|
|• Density||77/km2 (200/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+8 (China Standard)|
The area was first incorporated under Emperor Xiaozhuang of the Northern Wei Dynasty in 528 CE under the name Anze County (安泽县). The county was placed under the administration of Qinzhou upon its formation in 596 CE, during the Sui Dynasty.
In 606 CE the Anze County was renamed to Yueyang County (岳阳县). Yueyang County underwent numerous boundary changes, but retained its name until 1914, when its name was reverted to Anze County. During the Republic of China, the county belonged to Hedong Circuit, but underwent various reorganizations during the Japanese Invasion of China.
In August 1971, Gu County was formed with seven townships from Anze County and three from Fushan County. In 1973, the county center was built up from Zhangjiagou Village (张家沟村) and Wanli Village (湾里村).
Gu County spans an area of 1,196 kilometers, and ranges in altitude from 590 meters to 2,346 meters in height. The main rivers which flow through the county include the Jian River, the Shibi River, the Lin River, the Guxian River, and the Caizi River.
- 古县概况地图. xzqh.org (in Chinese). 2016-10-18. Archived from the original on 2019-05-13. Retrieved 2020-06-27.
- 临汾市2010年第六次全国人口普查主要数据公报. web.archive.org (in Chinese). 2011-06-16. Archived from the original on 2013-08-17. Retrieved 2020-06-27.
- 历史渊源. Gu County People's Government Web Portal (in Chinese). 2013-06-20. Archived from the original on 2015-04-07. Retrieved 2020-06-27.
- 2019年统计用区划代码. www.stats.gov.cn (in Chinese). 2019. Archived from the original on 2020-06-27. Retrieved 2020-06-27.