Gruža Lake

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Gruža Lake (Serbian: Гружанско језеро, romanizedGružansko jezero), is an artificial lake located to the southwest of Knić, Serbia. The lake was created in 1983 as a water reservoir for the city of Kragujevac and the surrounding settlements.[1][2] The lake covers an area of approximately 9.19 km2, making it the largest body of water in Central Serbia.

Gruža Lake
Gruzansko.jpg
Gruža Lake is located in Serbia
Gruža Lake
Gruža Lake
LocationCentral Serbia
Coordinates43°55′34″N 20°40′42″E / 43.9261°N 20.6783°E / 43.9261; 20.6783Coordinates: 43°55′34″N 20°40′42″E / 43.9261°N 20.6783°E / 43.9261; 20.6783
Lake typeReservoir
Primary inflowsGruža river, Boračka river
Primary outflowsGruža
Catchment areaWest Morava
Basin countriesSerbia
Max. length10 km (6.2 mi)
Max. width2.8 km (1.7 mi)
Surface area9.19 km2 (3.55 sq mi)
Average depth6.5 m (21 ft)
Max. depth35 m (115 ft)
Water volume64,500,000 m3 (2.28×109 cu ft)
Shore length142 km (26 mi)
Surface elevation273 m (896 ft)
SettlementsGruža, Knić, Kragujevac
1 Shore length is not a well-defined measure.

On 21 June 2018, a gigantic wels catfish was caught in the shallow section of the lake known as the "Turkish wells". It was 2.4 m (7 ft 10 in) long and weighed 117 kg (258 lb). It took 4 fishermen and 3 hours to get it out of the water.[3][4]

BiodiversityEdit

Carp, pike, catfish, Prussian carp, bleak, perch, trout, bream, zander, etc. are present in the lake. Thanks to its proximity to Knić and Kragujevac, as well as its spaciousness, fishing competitions are frequent on Gruža.

The lake plays a very important role during the migration of foreign and native bird populations. The lake is also a wintering ground for some species of ducks and geese, because it is located on the presumed Moravian-Vardar migration route. 78 species of birds were recorded, of which 25 were found to nest in the lake area. The largest number of species was recorded in the zone of strong anthropogenic influence.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Srbija za tebe - Gružansko jezero (in Serbian)
  2. ^ ribolov-srbija.com Archived 2012-07-06 at the Wayback Machine Gružansko jezero (in Serbian)
  3. ^ Slavica Stuparušić (22 June 2018). "Уловљен џиновски сом на Гружанском језеру" [Gigantic wels catfish caught in the Gruža Lake]. Politika (in Serbian). p. 08.
  4. ^ N.Radišić (21 June 2018). "Dolijala zver iz Gružanskog jezera: izvukli soma od 2,4 metra i 117 kilograma na tri zrna kukuruza" [The beast from the Gruža Lake came about - they caught a 2,4 m long and 117 kg heavy wels catfish]. Blic (in Serbian).