Grigore Maior

Grigore Gavrila Maior, O.S.B.M., (1715 – 7 February 1785) was Bishop of Făgăraş and Primate of the Romanian Greek Catholic Church from 1773 to his resignation in 1782.

Grigore Maior
Primate of the Romanian Greek Catholic Church
Grigore Major.jpg
ChurchRomanian Greek Catholic Church
DioceseDiocese of Făgăraş
Appointed8 March 1773
Term ended13 March 1782
PredecessorAtanasie Rednic
SuccessorIoan Bob
Orders
Ordination25 Dec 1745 (Priest)
Consecration23 April 1773 (Bishop)
by Vasilije Božičković
Personal details
Birth nameGavrila Maior
Born1715
Sărăuad, Szatmár County
Died7 February 1785 (aged 69–70)
Alba Iulia

LifeEdit

Gavrilă Maior was born in 1715, in Sărăuad, Szatmár County (Transylvania). He studied at Cluj and later from 1740 in the College of the Propaganda, Rome, where he on 28 January 1747 got a doctorate in theology and philosophy.[1] He entered the Basilian monastery of the Holy Trinity in Blaj taking the name of Grigore, and on 25 December 1745 he was ordained a priest.[2] He taught languages (Latin and Hungarian) in Blaj.[3]

On 30 June 1764, following the death of the Primate of the Romanian Greek Catholic Church, the bishop of Făgăraş Petru Pavel Aron, the electoral synod convened and Maior was chosen. Nevertheless the Habsburg monarch, Empress Maria Theresa, designated Atanasie Rednic as new bishop. Maior, unhappy he was not appointed bishop, murmured against the appointment of Rednic. For this reason András Hadik, the commander of the Habsburg army in Transylvania, imprisoned Maior in Sibiu for three and a half months, and later confined him in the monastery of Mukachevo. In 1771 Maior pleaded with Emperor Joseph II, who was visiting the monastery, and succeeded in being released; he began work as censor of books in Vienna.[4]

 
Church of St. Peter and Paul in Sibiu founded by Grigore Maior

At the death of Rednic, the electoral synod, on 15 August 1772, again voted for Maior, who this time was designated by the Empress on 27 October 1772 and appointed by Pope Clement XIV on 8 March 1773. His consecration as bishop took place on 23 April 1773 in a chapel of the imperial palace in Vienna, by the hands of the Croat Vasilije Božičković.[4][5] Empress Maria Theresa was present at the ceremony and was very impressed by the beautiful rituals of the Byzantine rite and by Major's speech, to whom the Empress bestowed a golden cross and a valuable ring.

As Primate of the Romanian Greek Catholic Church he sent many students to study in universities abroad and he worked hard for the expansion of the Church, obtaining in the first two years the joining of a considerable number of new villages. These efforts created resentment from Protestants and Orthodox who complained at the imperial court. He also sided for the social claims of the Revolt of Horea, Cloşca and Crişan.[4] For these reasons he was forced to resign, as he did on 13 March 1782.

He died in a monastery in Alba Iulia on 7 February 1785.[3]

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Ritzler, Remigius (1958). "Fogariensis". Hierarchia catholica Medii aevi sive summorum pontificum, S.R.E. cardinalium, ecclesiarum antistitum series. 6. Padua. p. 218.
  2. ^ "Bishop Grigore Maior, O.S.B.M." Catholic-Hierarchy.org. David M. Cheney. Retrieved 23 January 2015.
  3. ^ a b Capros, Carol (1998). "Episcopul Grigore Maior". Biserica Română Unită două sute cincizeci de ani de istorie. 1. Cluj-Napoca. pp. 48–50. ISBN 973-9288-11-1.
  4. ^ a b c "Episcopul Grigore Maior". BRU. Retrieved 11 April 2011.
  5. ^ at the time Byzantine vicar of the Latin Bishop of Zagreb, and from 1777 first bishop of the Eparchy of Križevci