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The steel gridshell by Vladimir Shukhov (during construction), Vyksa near Nizhny Novgorod, 1897
Multihalle in Mannheim, a wooden gridshell structure designed by Frei Otto
Interior of the gridshell Savill Building
Solidays Forum: a 350 m² glassfibre composite material elastic gridshell, Paris, France, 2011
Ephemeral Cathedral: a 400 m² glassfibre composite material elastic gridshell, Créteil, France, 2013

A gridshell is a structure which derives its strength from its double curvature (in a similar way that a fabric structure derives strength from double curvature), but is constructed of a grid or lattice.

The grid can be made of any material, but is most often wood (similar to garden trellis) or steel.

Gridshells were pioneered in the 1896 by Russian engineer Vladimir Shukhov in constructions of exhibition pavilions of the All-Russia industrial and art exhibition 1896 in Nizhny Novgorod.[1]

Large span timber gridshells are commonly constructed by initially laying out the main lath members flat in a regular square or rectangular lattice, and subsequently deforming this into the desired doubly curved form. This can be achieved by pushing the members up from the ground, as in the Mannheim Multihalle.[2] More recent projects such as the Savill Garden gridshell were constructed by laying the laths on top of a sizeable temporary scaffolding structure which is removed in phases to let the laths settle into the desired curvature.

Gridshell buildingsEdit

SUTD library pavilion


  1. ^ "Rotunda of the Panrussian Exposition". International Database and Gallery of Structures. Nicolas Janburg, ICS. 2007. Retrieved 2007-11-28.
  2. ^ "Timber Lattice Roof for the Mannheim Bundesgartenschau" Happold, E & Liddel, W.I. The Structural Engineer, March 1975, Volume 3, Number 53."
  3. ^ "Gridshell. I gusci a graticcio in legno tra innovazione e sperimentazione". Alinea Firenze. Sergio Pone, ICS. 2012. Missing or empty |url= (help)

Further readingEdit

  • Chilton, John; Gabriel, Tang (2016). Timber Gridshells: Architecture, Structure and Craft. Routledge. ISBN 978-1138775305.
  • "Grid Shells", B. Burkhardt, J. Hennicke, F. Otto, "IL", 1974, n. 10.
  • "Timber lattice roof for Mannheim Bundesgartenschau", E. Happold, W.I. Liddell, in "The Structural Engineer" 1975, n.3 vol. 53.
  • "Finding Form", F. Otto, B. Rash, Edition Alex Menges, Stuttgart, 1995
  • "The Structural Engineering of the Downland Gridshell", R. Harris, O. Kelly, in G.A.R. Park, P. Disney, "Space Structure 5", vol. 1, MPG Books, Cornwall, 2002.
  • "The Downland Grid Shell Innovative timber design", M. Dickson, R. Harris, in "The Royal Academy of Engineering Publication", n.18, 2004
  • "The Savill Garden Gridshell Design and construction", R. Harris, S. Haskins, J. Roynon, in "The Structural Engineer", n.17, vol 86, 2008
  • "Design of Timber Gridded shell Structures", R, Harris, in "Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers-Structures and Buildings", n. 164 (2) 2011
  • "Gridshell. I gusci a graticcio in legno tra innovazione e sperimentazione", S. Pone, Alinea, Firenze 2012
  • "Modeling of bending and torsion couplings in active bending structure: application to the design of elastic gridshells", L. du Peloux, PhD thesis, 2017
  • "Construction of a Large Composite Gridshell Structure: A Lightweight Structure Made with Pultruded Glass Fibre Reinforced Polymer Tubes", L. du Peloux, F. Tayeb, O. Baverel, JF. Caron, Structural Engineering International 26(2):160-167, 2016
  • "Gridshell Manual", S. Dyvik,J. Mork, Master thesis, 2015

See alsoEdit

External linksEdit