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Gregory Marcellus Schiemer (born 16 January 1949 in Dunedoo) is an Australian electronic music composer, instrument builder and teacher. His artistic preoccupations include creative engagement with new technology, music created for non-expert performance and intercultural-interfaith dialogue.
Background and training Edit
Greg Schiemer was born on 16 January 1949 in Dunedoo, New South Wales. He attended Holy Cross College, Ryde (1961 to 1963), and finished high school in the Passionist minor seminary (from 1964) at St Ives and at the Sydney Technical College, Ultimo in 1968. He completed a B.Mus at Sydney University in 1972 where he studied composition with Peter Sculthorpe who introduced him to music from Asia and by Harry Partch. Through David Ahern, he discovered experimental music and the work of Cornelius Cardew and John Cage.
The foundations of his work as composer and instrument-builder were laid while he was a musical collaborator of Philippa Cullen. Working with Cullen's electronic dance ensemble, he learned from electronic engineer Phil Connor and organ builder Arthur Spring and between 1972 and 1975 together they built some of the earliest electronic music systems that react to dance movement. Between 1976 and 1981 Schiemer worked for Digital Equipment Australia, a division of Digital Equipment Corporation, initially in computer field service and later as senior design technician. In 1999 he completed a PhD in Electronics from Macquarie University for his thesis "MIDI Tool Box: An interactive system for music composition".
Teaching and research Edit
Schiemer first taught electronic music composition at the Canberra School of Music from 1983. In November of that year he organised a "Concert on Bicycles" as part of the city's Sunday in the Park. For the concert music was provided by volunteer participants cycling at Commonwealth Park with transistor radios attached to their bicycle frames.
He relocated to the Sydney Conservatorium in 1986. There he mentored musicians working with new technology and participated in the activities of watt, the electro-acoustic group co-founded by composers Martin Wesley-Smith and Ian Fredericks. In 2003, he moved to the University of Wollongong where he supervised postgraduate composers and coordinated interdisciplinary research involving sound across a variety of disciplines within creative arts and informatics. He was also the lead chief investigator for Australian Research Council projects focused on mobile technology, haptic instruments and microtonal performance.
His electronic instruments include:
- Tupperware Gamelan (1977–1983) – a collection of instruments designed to be played by an ensemble of non-expert players. The instruments were invented by Schiemer, and named because electronics were mounted in plastic kitchenware while gamelan was a metaphor for collaborative musical engagement. They were easy to play and quick to learn and were used principally to accompany dance. They included battery-powered sound sources called UFOs that produce the Doppler effect as a sound source moves. These first appeared in a choreographic project by Yen Lu Wong entitled Between Silence and Light which culminated in a dance performance on the northern boardwalk of the Sydney Opera House accompanied by 4 UFOs, 4 handbells and 12 bamboo poles. The UFOs were precursors of more generic flying instruments, the Pocket Gamelan.
- MIDI Tool Box (1984–1996) – a microcontroller system for interactive composition. It grew from live algorithmic compositions Monophonic Variations and Polyphonic Variations which he created as firmware written for the Datum microcomputer and realised in collaboration with electro-percussionist Graeme Leak. The MIDI Tool Box system was used in an interactive broadcast event and in concert performances with remnants of the Tupperware Gamelan as well as performance and installation work created by other composers. The hardware eventually incorporated the A4 audio signal processor developed at the CSIRO Division of Radiophysics and this was used in live concerts in 1995 with Carnatic violinist Krishna Kumar, and in 1996 with veena player Narayan Mani and Bharatnatyam-Kuchupudi choreographer Siri Rama.
- Pocket Gamelan (2003–) – a set of microtonal instruments realised as software developed by Schiemer for mobile phones. Inspired by the legacy of Partch, represented in the work of contemporary tuning theorist and microtonal instrument builder Erv Wilson, the Pocket Gamelan was initially developed in the java language and recently migrated to iPhone. It has been used in live performances at international venues for computer music and microtonal music and in collaborations with musicians in Singapore at ISEA2008 and in Indonesia at GAUNG, a cultural workshop convened by the Sacred Bridge Foundation. Leading researchers have acknowledged the role the Pocket Gamelan has played in the development of performance with mobile devices.
- Polyphonic Variations (1988)
- Vedic Mass (1997)
- Tempered Dekanies (2001)
- Mandala 10 (2011)
- Australia Council Composers Fellowship 1994
- Australian Music Centre. "Greg Schiemer, Biography". Australian Music Centre. Archived from the original on 10 February 2003. Retrieved 1 September 2023 – via National Library of Australia.
- Jenkins, John (1988). Alistair Riddell (ed.). "Greg Schiemer". 22 Contemporary Australian Composers. Melbourne: NMA Publications: 31. Archived from the original on 17 January 1999. Retrieved 1 September 2023 – via National Library of Australia.
- Priest, Gail (26 June 2021). "Alternate Hearings". RealTime (109). Retrieved 2 September 2023.
- Jones, Stephen (2011). Synthetics: Aspects of Art and Technology in Australia 1956–1975. MIT Press. pp. 4, 101–102, 186–202, 273–307, 342–379. ISBN 978-0-262-01496-0.
- Schiemer, Greg. MIDI Tool Box: An interactive system for music composition. PhD Thesis, Macquarie University. 1999.
- "By the Way". The Canberra Times. Sunday Edition. Vol. 58, no. 17, 570. 6 November 1983. p. 3. Retrieved 1 September 2023 – via National Library of Australia.
- Boling, Edna (17 November 1983). "Life Style". The Canberra Times. Vol. 58, no. 17, 581. p. 15. Retrieved 1 September 2023 – via National Library of Australia.
Department of Composition at the Canberra School or Music will present what it says is the world's first 'Concert on Bicycles'
- (DP0346291) http://www.arc.gov.au/pdf/2003_DP_Org.pdf Archived 23 April 2012 at the Wayback Machine
- (LP0560335) http://www.arc.gov.au/pdf/LP05Rd1_ListingbyState_University.pdf Archived 7 July 2012 at the Wayback Machine
- (DP0773667) http://www.arc.gov.au/pdf/DP07/DP07_Uni_Wollongong.pdf Archived 17 March 2012 at the Wayback Machine
- Trotter, Hilary (19 April 1983). "Dance: 'One Extra' Season Begins Tomorrow". The Canberra Times. Vol. 57, no. 17, 369. p. 13. Retrieved 1 September 2023 – via National Library of Australia.
- Greg Schiemer; Graeme Leak. "Polyphonic Variations". watt ever. Tall Poppies CD TP074. Retrieved 22 April 2012.
- Gallasch, Keith (10 April 2012). "An Aurora over Western Sydney". RealTime (108): 14. Retrieved 1 September 2023.
- NIME. "NIME Gallery" (PDF). Mandala 3 and Mandala 4. Proceedings of the 2006 International Conference on New Interfaces for Musical Expression (NIME06), Paris, France. Archived from the original (PDF) on 14 March 2012. Retrieved 22 April 2012.
- DAFx. "Welcome Reception Concert by Helsinki Mobile Phone Orchestra" (PDF). Mandala 8. 11th International Conference on Digital Audio Effects, DAFx-08. Retrieved 22 April 2012.
- Microfest, Los Angeles. "Mandala 6". Concert 1, 6 May 2007. Microfest: the 2007 Festival of Microtonal Music, co-directed by John Schneider and Bill Alves. Retrieved 22 April 2012.
- Microtonal Projects, London. "Late at Tate Microtonal" (PDF). Mandala 10. Concert program at the Tate Britain, 1 April 2011. Curated by Stephen Altoft and Donald Bousted. Retrieved 23 April 2012.
- Wang, Ge; Essl, Georg; Penttinen, Henri (2008). "Do Mobile Phones Dream of Electric Orchestras?" (PDF). Proceedings of International Computer Music Conference, Belfast, 24-29th August. Retrieved 22 April 2012.
- Wang, Ge (2009). "Designing Smule's iPhone Ocarina" (PDF). Proceedings of New Interfaces for Musical Expression: 303–307. Archived from the original (PDF) on 16 September 2012. Retrieved 22 April 2012.
Further reading Edit
- Burt, Warren. "Experimental Music from Australia Using Live Electronics", Contemporary Music Review, vol 6, no. 1, London, 1991, pp. 159–172.
- Jenkins, John. 22 Contemporary Australian Composers. Melbourne: NMA Publications, 1988.
- Schiemer, Greg. MIDI Tool Box: An interactive system for music composition. PhD thesis, Macquarie University. 1999.
- Schiemer, Greg. "Interactive Radio", Leonardo Music Journal, vol 17, no. 4, MIT Press 1994.