Commonwealth Park is in Canberra, Australia, adjacent to the north side of Lake Burley Griffin. Centrally located in the city, it is an important part of the urban landscape. The park has an area of 34.25 hectares, which includes a variety of natural and constructed spaces.
Various designers have been involved in the construction of the park including Charles Weston, Lindsay Pryor, Richard Clough and John Grey. The park in it current form was strongly influenced by a master plan created by British landscape designer, Dame Sylvia Crowe in 1964.
The park has many small ponds and water features, walking trails, bike paths, sculptures and memorials. Located within the park is the outdoor Stage 88, which often holds concerts. The park includes Regatta Point and has a view of the National Gallery, High Court, and National Library on the other side of the lake. Kings Park is located adjacent to Commonwealth Park, along the lake to the east.
Commonwealth Park is the home of many events hosted in Canberra. Among them is Floriade, an annual event that has been running since 1988.
History of the locationEdit
In 1874, Ebenezer Booth built himself a house on the glebe of St John the Baptist Church, within the present boundaries of the park, to the east of what is now Nerang Pool. Murray's store, considered the area's first retail store, operated from the house. It burnt down in 1923. A number of stunted pines and English elms remain on the spot.
In his original plan for the city, Walter Griffin included a recreation area to the north of the man-made lake. His final plan of 1918 included an "aquarium pond", now Nerang Pool. Modifications from Griffin's plan of 1911 came about following his actual visit to the site and in order to reduce the amount of earthworks needed. The recreation area in the earlier plan was more formal and included many public buildings.
Works of Art in the ParkEdit
|Play sculpture||David Tolley||Commissioned 1967, installed 1970||Collection of 4 white sculptures each of which comprises two structures, located near the Children's Fort playground. The sculptures are constructed from precast concrete and finished with fiberglass. The sculpture were designed to feel organic and inviting for people to play/sit on.|
|Untitled (also known as Earthworks)||Hubert 'Bert ' Flugelman||Installed 1975||Six polished aluminium tetrahedrons, buried permanently within Commonwealth Park in a secret location. The approximate location is noted with a plaque, close to Nerang Pool. It was added to the park during the Australia 75 Festival of Creative Arts and Sciences. Sculptures 75 was a part of this festival, and was held entirely within Commonwealth Park.|
|Two figures||Dame Barbara Hepworth||Acquired 1969, installed 1976||Free standing bronze and enamel sculpture. Numbered 4/7|
|Untitled (also known as Underpass mural)||Sue Birch-Marston||Completed 1977||Painted mural on concrete walls. Organised by the Arts Council of Australia ACT Division as a community arts project. The mural was painted during the Sunday in the Park sessions that used to occur in Commonwealth Park. The mural was designed using children's designs, which were incorporated into the large design.|
|Untitled (also known as Amphitheater mural)||Anne Morris||Installed 1977||Original mural was contributed to by students of the Canberra School of Art, in conjunction with Sunday in the Park activities. The mural was created using enamel glass paint on a concrete wall.|
The second mural was installed in 1982, and depicted "events in Australian history, Aborigines, Australian personalities and the environment". This artwork was installed by the mural art group "Paintings on Walls", organised by Anne Morris
The mural was replaced again in 1987, led again by Anne Morris, but this time focusing on the activities of Amnesty International. The art work was contributed to by members of Amnesty and art students, with the design being worked on by the Ginnidera Group of Amnesty International.
|Kangaroos||Jan Brown||Commissioned in 1979, installed 1981|
|Dance of the Secateurs||Bruce Radke||1988|
|Resting Place of the Dragon Fly||Mary Kayser||Exhibited 1989, permanently located 2011||Constructed out of painted steel, this sculpture won the 1989 Floriade Sculpture Project. It was exhibited in the floral festival, and acquired by the Queen Beatrix Sculpture Collection. In 2011, it went through a major refurbishment, and was then relocated next to Nerang Pool in Commonwealth Park.|
|Seated Lady||Herman Johaus||1990's|
|Untitled||Alan Gauir||1991||A metal flock of birds which was one of the prize winning entries in the 1991 Floriade Sculpture competition.|
|Walter Burley Griffin Terrazzo||David Humphries||Commissioned and installed 2000||The Walter Burley Griffin Terrazzo is set in the pavement outside the entrance of the National Capital Exhibition, and is a mosaic of Walter Burley Griffin's 1912 prize-winning design, set out as a page torn from a book.The Terrazzo was a part of the 2000 redevelopment of the National Capital Exhibition, with the tiles being created in Melbourne and then carefully put together on site.|
|Sir Robert Menzies||Peter Collete||Commissioned and installed 2012||Bronze sculpture of Sir Robert Menzies. The sculpture was created over a 6-month period and is designed to be a 1.1 times life size. Menzies was an influential part of the development of Canberra during his second term as Prime Minister (1949-1966), and vital to the eventual construction of Lake Burley Griffin. The sculpture is located on RG Mezies Walk which runs along the northern side of Lake Burley Griffin.|
Memorials in the ParkEdit
|Memorial name||Date of official opening or presentation||Description|
|The Canadian flagpole||20 November 1957.||The flagpole was a gift to Australia from the Canadian Government and the Canadian timber industry. It is a single spar of Douglas Fir, 39 metres tall with three metres in the ground|
|Captain Cook Memorial Water Jet and Globe||25 April 1970||The water jet and terrestrial globe were constructed to commemorate the bicentenary of Captain James Cook’s landing on the east coast of Australia in 1770. Queen Elizabeth II opened the Memorial.
The Captain Cook Memorial Globe is an open-cage globe formed by the meridians of longitude and parallels of latitude, with land depicted in beaten bas-relief copper. Traced on the globe are the routes of Cook’s three voyages of exploration, with explanations of his ports of call inscribed on the surrounding handrail.
The jet can operate at a height of 147 metres.
The Memorial Globe and Jet were both designed by the architectural firm Bunning and Madden, which also designed the National Library and Parkes Place, located across the lake.
|Memorial to pioneer women||2 September 1972||A large seat with views across the lake close to the site of the demolished bakery and store. It was designed by Margaret Hendry, a National Capital Development Commission (NCDC) landscape architect, in response to approaches in 1971 to the NCDC by the National Council of Women. The memorial was unveiled by Lady Hasluck, wife of the then Governor-General.|
- Works of Art in Canberra. National Capital Development Commission. 1981. p. 55. ISBN 064289892 Check
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- Tolley, David (2011-12-07). "1970 Canberra Play-Sculpture Sculpture". david tolley. Retrieved 2019-01-23.
- "Weston Park - Conservation Management Plan - Appendix C" (PDF). Environment ACT. ACT Government - Department of Territory and Municipal Services.
- Government, A. C. T. (2016-02-01). "Previous find of the month". www.archives.act.gov.au. Retrieved 2019-01-23.
- "Project in tunnel". Canberra Times (ACT : 1926 - 1995). 1977-02-10. p. 7. Retrieved 2019-01-23.
- "SUNDAY IN PARK Painting the tunnel main attraction". Canberra Times (ACT : 1926 - 1995). 1977-02-12. p. 7. Retrieved 2019-01-23.
- "Healing in the park". Canberra Times (ACT : 1926 - 1995). 1977-02-18. p. 3. Retrieved 2019-01-23.
- "Local artists beaten by bureaucracy". Canberra Times (ACT : 1926 - 1995). 1982-11-20. p. 2. Retrieved 2019-01-23.
- "Amnesty mural in park". Canberra Times (ACT : 1926 - 1995). 1987-12-10. p. 11. Retrieved 2019-01-23.
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- "1C". www.publicartsquad.com.au. Retrieved 2019-01-23.
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- Doherty, Megan (2012-03-23). "Permanent place for Menzies in nation's heart". Canberra Times. Retrieved 2019-01-23.
- Australian Heritage Database listing for the Lake Burley Griffin Conservation Area
- National Library of Australia: picture of Sylvia Crowe and Richard Clough viewing the construction of Nerang Pool, Commonwealth Gardens in 1977
- Australian Institute of Landscape Architects: Obituary Dame Sylvia Crowe (1901-1997)
- Australian Institute of Landscape Architects: Award for Floriade in Commonwealth Park
- Sylvia Crowe - Influence and Work in Australia by Richard Clough and Margaret Hendry