Greeks in Chile
There has been a community of Greeks in Chile since the sixteenth century. The Greek community in Chile are estimated in 150,000 descendants. Most reside either in the Santiago, Coquimbo or in the Antofagasta area.
|Regions with significant populations|
|Antofagasta, Valparaiso, La Serena, Coquimbo, Santiago de Chile.|
|Chilean Spanish, Greek|
|Christianity (mainly Eastern Orthodox)|
|Related ethnic groups|
|Greeks, Greek diaspora, Greeks in Brazil|
The first immigrants arrived during the sixteenth century from Crete, so named "Candia" in honor of the island's capital, the current Heraklion. The surname, although at present, is very disconnected from its ancient origins. The majority of Greek immigrants arrived in Chile at the beginning of century, some as part of their spirit of adventure and escape from the rigors of the World War and the catastrophe of Smyrna in Asia Minor, although many Greeks had already settled in Antofagasta, including crews of the ships commanded by Arturo Prat for the Pacific War (1879–1883) in naval battle of Iquique (boatswain Constantine Micalvi). Included are Aromanians and Megleno-Romanians, who became adjusted to Chilean society because of the linguistic closeness and similarities between Aromanian, Megleno-Romanian, and Spanish (all of them being Romance languages).
Amid this flood of foreigners who populated northern Chilean appeared the Greeks. There were numerous Collectivité Hellenic whose records were listed in two sources. One of these was the extensive collaboration that gave the Chilean press through its pages in the newspaper El Mercurio. The other end of the fire under the rubble of the first home that housed the proto-Hellenes of Chile.
In 1926 the first women's association for excellence, filóptoxos (friends of the poor) which was chaired by Xrisí Almallotis. Since then to date there have been about four or five generations of descendants of Greeks. Some have moved south and are grouped mainly in Santiago and Valparaíso. Others returned to the motherland after the first war but most of the immigrants stayed in their new country and founded numerous Greek-Chilean families. One of the main members of this community is Don Constantino Kochifas Carcamo, owner of the ship company Skorpios, Cruceros Skorpios, in Puerto Montt.
Antofagasta is a community in Latin America established in 1890, notable for a town anniversary on the 14th of February, in which foreign communities present a stand. Many of the original families moved to Santiago and Valparaíso, however there are still an estimated seventy current residents who were born in Greece.
- Mónica de Calixto, TV journalist.
- Uranía Haltenhoff Nikiforos, model.
- Alexandros Jusakos, public figure.
- Constantino Kochifas, public figure.
- Demetrio Marinakis, public figure.
- Diana Massis, political.
- Patricio Mekis Spikin, public figure.
- Federico Mekis, political.
- Gabriel Orphanopoulos Barker, sportsmanship.
- Arístides Progulakis, TV journalist.
- Stavros Mosjos, CNN journalist and radio host.
- Víctor Tevah Tellias, public figure.
- Manuel Tricallotis, painter.
- Alex Zisis, actor.