Greeks in Chile

(Redirected from Greek Chilean)

There has been a community of Greeks in Chile since the sixteenth century. The Greek community in Chile is estimated to have 150,000 descendants.[1] Most reside either in the Santiago, Coquimbo or in the Antofagasta area.

Greeks in Chile
Griegos en Chile
Ελληνισμός της Χιλής
Total population
150,000[1]
Regions with significant populations
Antofagasta, Valparaiso, La Serena, Coquimbo, Santiago de Chile.
Languages
Chilean Spanish, Greek
Religion
Christianity (mainly Eastern Orthodox)
Related ethnic groups
Greeks, Greek diaspora, Greeks in Brazil

ImmigrationEdit

The first immigrants from Greece arrived during the sixteenth century from Crete, and surnamed "Candia" after the island's capital, the current Heraklion. The surname, although at present, is very disconnected from its ancient origins. The majority of Greek immigrants arrived in Chile at the beginning of the 20th century, some as part of their spirit of adventure and escape from the rigors of the First World War and the burning of Smyrna in Asia Minor, although many Greeks had already settled in Antofagasta, including crews of the ships commanded by Arturo Prat for the Pacific War (1879–1883) in the naval battle of Iquique (boatswain Constantine Micalvi). Included are Aromanians and Megleno-Romanians, who became adjusted to Chilean society because of the linguistic closeness and similarities between Aromanian, Megleno-Romanian, and Spanish, all Romance languages.[citation needed]

Amid this flood of foreigners who populated northern Chilean appeared the Greeks. There were numerous Collectivité Hellenic whose records were listed in the newspaper El Mercurio of Antofagasta, which said that between 1920 and 1935 there were about 4,000 Greeks in the city, and another 3,000 in saltpeter offices.[citation needed]

In 1926 the first women's association for excellence, filóptoxos (friends of the poor) was set up, chaired by Xrisí Almallotis. Since then as of 2022 there have been four or five generations of descendants of Greeks. Some have moved south and are grouped mainly in Santiago and Valparaíso. Others returned to Greece after the First World War, but most of the immigrants stayed in their new country and formed Greek-Chilean families.[2] Constantino Kochifas Carcamo, owner of cruise company Cruceros Skorpios in Puerto Montt, is a member of this community.[citation needed]

AntofagastaEdit

Antofagasta is a community in Latin America established in 1890, notable for a town anniversary on 14 February, in which foreign communities set up a stand. Many of the original families moved to Santiago and Valparaíso, however there are still[when?] an estimated seventy current residents who were born in Greece.[2]

Notable peopleEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Parvex R. (2014). Le Chili et les mouvements migratoires, Hommes & migrations, Nº 1305, 2014. doi: 10.4000/hommesmigrations.2720.
  2. ^ a b Tefarikis, Xrisí (n.d.). "The story of the Greeks in Chile". Apocatastasis.
  3. ^ https://www.cidob.org/biografias_lideres_politicos/america_del_sur/chile/michelle_bachelet_jeria

External linksEdit