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Great Ormond Street Hospital (informally GOSH or Great Ormond Street, formerly the Hospital for Sick Children) is a children's hospital located in the Bloomsbury area of the London Borough of Camden, and a part of Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children NHS Foundation Trust.

Great Ormond Street Hospital
Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children NHS Foundation Trust
Great Ormond Street Hospital.jpg
The view along Great Ormond Street
Great Ormond Street Hospital is located in London Borough of Camden
Great Ormond Street Hospital
Shown in Camden
Geography
Location Great Ormond Street
London, WC1
United Kingdom[1]
Coordinates 51°31′21″N 0°07′13″W / 51.52262°N 0.12036°W / 51.52262; -0.12036Coordinates: 51°31′21″N 0°07′13″W / 51.52262°N 0.12036°W / 51.52262; -0.12036
Organisation
Care system National Health Service
Hospital type Teaching
Affiliated university University College London
Services
Emergency department No
Beds 389
Speciality Children's hospital
History
Founded 1852
Links
Website www.gosh.nhs.uk

The hospital is the largest centre for child heart surgery in the UK and one of the largest centres for heart transplantation in the world. In 1962 they developed the first heart and lung bypass machine for children. With children's book author Roald Dahl, they developed an improved shunt valve for children with water on the brain (hydrocephalus), and non-invasive (percutaneous) heart valve replacements. They did the first UK clinical trials of the rubella vaccine, and the first bone marrow transplant and gene therapy for severe combined immunodeficiency.[2]

It is closely associated with University College London (UCL) and in partnership with the UCL Great Ormond Street Institute of Child Health, which is adjacent to it, is the largest centre for research and postgraduate teaching in children’s health in Europe.[3]

In 1929, J. M. Barrie donated the copyright to Peter Pan to the hospital.

Contents

HistoryEdit

 
Main entrance to Great Ormond Street Hospital

After a long campaign by Dr. Charles West, the Hospital for Sick Children was founded on 14 February 1852 and was the first hospital providing in-patient beds specifically for children in England.[4] Despite opening with just 10 beds, it grew into one of the world's leading children's hospitals through the patronage of Queen Victoria, counting Charles Dickens, a personal friend of the Chief Physician Dr West, as one of its first fundraisers. The Nurses League was formed in February 1937.[5]

Audrey Callaghan, wife of James Callaghan (prime minister of the United Kingdom from 1976 to 1979), served the hospital as Chairman of the Board of Governors from 1968 to 1972 and then as Chairman of the Special Trustees from 1983 until her final retirement in 1990.[6] Diana, Princess of Wales, served as president of the Hospital from 1989 until her death. A plaque at the entrance of the hospital commemorates her services.[7]

The Charles West School of Nursing transferred from Great Ormond Street to London South Bank University in 1995.[8] In 2002 Great Ormond Street Hospital commenced a redevelopment programme which is budgeted at £343 million and the next phase of which was scheduled to be complete by the end of 2016.[9] In July 2012, Great Ormond Street Hospital was featured in the opening ceremony of the London Summer Olympics.[10][11][12]

In 2017 Great Ormond Street Hospital was subject to international attention regarding the Charlie Gard treatment controversy.[13][14][15]

ArchivesEdit

The hospital’s archives are available for research under the terms of the Public Records Act 1958 and a catalogue is available on request.[16] Admission records from 1852 to 1914 have been made available online on the Historic Hospital Admission Records Project.[17]

St. Christopher's ChapelEdit

 
St Christopher's Chapel in Great Ormond Street Hospital.

St. Christopher's Chapel is a chapel decorated in the Byzantine style and Grade II* listed building located in the Variety Club Building of the hospital. Designed by Edward Middleton Barry (son of the architect Sir Charles Barry who designed the Houses of Parliament) and built in 1875, it is dedicated to the memory of Caroline Barry, wife of William Henry Barry (eldest son of Sir Charles Barry) who provided the £40,000 required to build the Chapel and a stipend for the chaplain.[18] It was built in "elaborate Franco-Italianate style". As the chapel exists to provide pastoral care to ill children and their families, many of its details refer to childhood.The stained glass depicts the Nativity, the childhood of Christ and biblical scenes related to children. The dome depicts a pelican pecking at her breast in order to feed her young with drops of her own blood, a traditional symbol of Christ's sacrifice for humanity.[19]

When the old hospital was being demolished in the late 1980s, the chapel was moved to its present location via a 'concrete raft' to prevent any damage en route. The stained glass and furniture were temporarily removed for restoration and repair. It was reopened along with the new Variety Club Building on 14 February 1994 by Diana, Princess of Wales, then president of the hospital.[20]

Peter Pan copyrightEdit

 
Peter Pan statue at Great Ormond Street Hospital by Diarmuid Byron O'Connor

In April 1929 the hospital was the recipient of playwright J. M. Barrie's copyright to the Peter Pan works, with the provision that the income from this source not be disclosed. This gave the institution control of the rights to these works, and entitled it to royalties from any performance or publication of the play and derivative works. Four theatrical feature films were produced,[21] innumerable performances of the play have been presented, and numerous editions of the novel were published under licence from the hospital. Its trustees commissioned a sequel novel, Peter Pan in Scarlet, which was published in 2006 and received mixed reviews,[22][23] with a film adaptation planned.[24][25]

When the copyright first expired at the end of 1987 in the UK, 50 years after Barrie's death, the UK government's Copyright, Designs and Patents Act of 1988[26] granted the hospital a perpetual right to collect royalties for public performances, commercial publication, or other communications to the public of the work but this does not constitute a true copyright. When copyright term itself was subsequently extended to the author's life plus 70 years by a European Union directive in 1996 standardising terms throughout the EU, GOSH revived its copyright of Peter Pan which then expired in 2007. The terms of the Copyright, Designs and Patents Act now prevail in the UK. GOSH has been in legal disputes in the United States, where the copyright term is based on date of publication, putting the 1911 novel in the public domain, although the Hospital asserts that the 1928 version of the play is still under copyright in the US.[27]

Great Ormond Street Hospital Children's CharityEdit

The hospital has relied on charitable support since it first opened. One of the main sources for this support is Great Ormond Street Hospital Children's Charity. Whilst the NHS meets the day-to-day running costs of the hospital, the fundraising income allows Great Ormond Street Hospital to remain at the forefront of child healthcare.[28] The charity aims to raise over £50 million every year to complete the next two phases of redevelopment, as well as provide substantially more fundraising directly for research. The charity also purchases up-to-date equipment, and provides accommodation for families and staff.[29][30]

Great Ormond Street Hospital Children's Charity was one of the charities that benefited from the national Jeans for Genes campaign, which encourages people across the UK to wear their jeans and make a donation to help children affected by genetic disorders. All Great Ormond Street Hospital Charity's proceeds from the campaign went to its research partner, the UCL Institute of Child Health.[31]

On 6 August 2009, Arsenal F.C. confirmed that Great Ormond Street Hospital Children's Charity was to be their 'charity of the season' for the 2009–10 season. They raised over £800,000 for a new lung function unit at the hospital.[32]

Two charity singles have been released in aid of the hospital. In 1987, "The Wishing Well", recorded by an ensemble line-up including Boy George, Peter Cox and Dollar amongst others became a top 30 hit.[33] In 2009, The X Factor finalists covered Michael Jackson's "You Are Not Alone" in aid of the charity, reaching No.1 in the UK Charts.[34]

On 30 March 2010, Channel 4 staged the first Channel 4's Comedy Gala at the O2 Arena in London, in aid of the charity. The event has been repeated every year since, raising money for Great Ormond Street Hospital Children's Charity each time.[35]

In 2011, Daniel Boys recorded a charity single called 'The World Is Something You Can Imagine'. It was also released as with proceeds going to the Disney Appeal at Great Ormond Street Hospital.[36]

Notable staffEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Great Ormond Street Hospital Address". Archived from the original on 9 February 2012. 
  2. ^ Breakthroughs "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 27 January 2016. Retrieved 21 January 2016. 
  3. ^ "Britain's best hospitals: A patients' guide". The Independent. 20 March 2008. Archived from the original on 8 October 2016. Retrieved 13 October 2016. 
  4. ^ Kevin Telfer (2008). The remarkable story of Great Ormond Street Hospital. Simon & Schuster. p11
  5. ^ "www.gosnursesleague.org". Archived from the original on 8 September 2010. Retrieved 25 September 2009. 
  6. ^ Kevin Telfer (2008). The remarkable story of Great Ormond Street Hospital. Simon & Schuster. p58
  7. ^ "Princess Diana unveils plaque at Great Ormond Street Hospital". Getty Images. Retrieved 14 April 2018. 
  8. ^ "Complete history of GOSH". Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children NHS Trust. Archived from the original on 16 November 2011. Retrieved 5 January 2012. 
  9. ^ "The New Clinical Building (Phase 2B)". Great Ormond Street Hospital Children's Charity. Retrieved 20 June 2013. 
  10. ^ "World's media lavishes praise on Olympic opening ceremony". The Guardian. Guardian. Archived from the original on 18 January 2016. Retrieved 27 July 2017. 
  11. ^ "Incredible honour for Great Ormond Street Hospital at London 2012 Olympic Opening Ceremony". Great Ormond Street Hospital. UK NHS/ UK Government. Archived from the original on 13 February 2018. Retrieved 27 July 2017. 
  12. ^ Birrel, Ian. "The London 2012 opening ceremony, and a night that set NHS reform back years". Mail Online. Daily Mail. Archived from the original on 20 April 2016. Retrieved 27 July 2017. 
  13. ^ "London's Great Ormond Street Hospital seeks new hearing for critically ill Charlie Gard". Reuters. 7 July 2017. Archived from the original on 8 July 2017. Retrieved 9 July 2017. 
  14. ^ Jacobs, Ben; Pidd, Helen (3 July 2017). "Donald Trump offers help for terminally ill baby Charlie Gard". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 8 July 2017. Retrieved 9 July 2017. 
  15. ^ Clarke, Hilary (3 July 2017). "Pope and Trump offer support to Charlie Gard". CNN. Archived from the original on 8 July 2017. Retrieved 9 July 2017. 
  16. ^ "Archives". Archived from the original on 17 May 2014. 
  17. ^ "Historic Hospital Admission Records Project". Archived from the original on 1 August 2012. 
  18. ^ "Ian Visits GOSH". Ian Visits. Archived from the original on 20 December 2014. Retrieved 5 December 2014. 
  19. ^ Historic England. "Great Ormond Street Hospital Chapel in Central Block (1113211)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 16 June 2017. 
  20. ^ Lunnon, Raymond J. "The Chapel of St. Christopher" (pdf). Great Ormond Street Hospital. Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children NHS Trust. Archived from the original on 13 February 2018. Retrieved 16 June 2017. 
  21. ^ films_based_on_Peter_Pan at Neverpedia
  22. ^ Philip Ardagh (8 October 2006). "Return to Neverland". The Guardian. London. Archived from the original on 13 March 2016. 
  23. ^ Nicola Smyth (8 October 2006). "The Boys are back in town". The Independent. London. Archived from the original on 24 September 2015. 
  24. ^ Ltd, Presence Multimedia. "Headline Pictures » Headline Pictures secures film and TV rights to PETER PAN IN SCARLET". www.headline-pictures.co.uk. Archived from the original on 11 January 2007. 
  25. ^ "BBC NEWS – Entertainment – BBC backs Peter Pan sequel film". news.bbc.co.uk. Archived from the original on 25 January 2007. 
  26. ^ Copyright, Designs and Patents Act 1988 Archived 13 November 2012 at the Wayback Machine.
  27. ^ "Copyright". Archived from the original on 3 July 2010. 
  28. ^ "GOSH.org". Archived from the original on 20 July 2007. Retrieved 25 July 2007. 
  29. ^ "What's happening now". Great Ormond Street Hospital Children's Charity. Archived from the original on 13 August 2013. Retrieved 24 June 2013. 
  30. ^ "Why we need your help". Great Ormond Street Hospital Children's Charity. Archived from the original on 8 July 2013. Retrieved 24 June 2013. 
  31. ^ "Jeans for Genes to set up as independent charity". UK Fundraising. Retrieved 14 April 2018. 
  32. ^ "Arsenal.com". Archived from the original on 10 May 2012. Retrieved 30 March 2012. 
  33. ^ "G.O.S.H. – Full Official Chart History". Official Charts Company. Official Charts Company. Archived from the original on 15 February 2016. Retrieved 20 January 2016. 
  34. ^ "X Factor Finalists 2009 – Full Official Chart History". Official Charts Company. Official Charts Company. Archived from the original on 15 February 2016. Retrieved 20 January 2016. 
  35. ^ "Channel 4's Comedy Gala". The O2. Retrieved 14 April 2018. 
  36. ^ ""The World Is Something You Imagine" for our Disney Appeal". gosh.org. 23 May 2011. Archived from the original on 25 April 2014. Retrieved 24 April 2014. 

External linksEdit