B43 (New York City bus)
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The Graham Avenue Line and Tompkins Avenue Line were two public transit lines in Brooklyn, New York City with the Graham Avenue Line running mainly along Graham Avenue and Manhattan Avenue and the Tompkins Avenue Line running mainly along Tompkins Avenue. The Graham Avenue line ran between Downtown Brooklyn and Greenpoint and the Tompkins Avenue Line ran between Prospect Lefferts Gardens and Williamsburg. Originally streetcar lines, they were replaced by the B47 and B62 bus routes which were then combined to form the B43 route which currently operates between Prospect-Lefferts Gardens and Greenpoint. The line is dispatched from Jackie Gleason Depot in Sunset Park, Brooklyn.
|Graham Avenue Line and Tompkins Avenue Line|
Southbound B43 on Brooklyn Avenue
|System||MTA New York City Bus|
|Operator||New York City Transit Authority|
|Garage||Jackie Gleason Depot|
New Flyer C40LF
New Flyer XN40
|Began service||July 1854 (Graham Avenue streetcar)|
September 10, 1995 (B43)
|Start||Greenpoint– Box Street|
|Via||Manhattan Avenue, Graham Avenue, Tompkins Avenue|
|End||Lefferts Gardens– Prospect Park |
|Annual patronage||3,099,517 (2017)|
The B43 bus route runs between Lincoln Road near Ocean Avenue and the Prospect Park subway station in Prospect-Lefferts Gardens and Manhattan Avenue and Box Street in Greenpoint via Manhattan Avenue, Graham Avenue, and Tompkins Avenue at all times.
The Brooklyn City Railroad opened the line, as the Flushing Avenue Line, in July 1854 as a branch of the Fulton Street Line continuing east along Flushing Avenue to Throop Avenue with an extension to Division Avenue (present-day Broadway) in April 1855. It was later extended north along Graham Avenue to North Second Street (present-day Metropolitan Avenue) in 1867 and to Van Cott Avenue (present-day Driggs Avenue) in October 1872.
On April 27, 1890, Brooklyn City opened new trackage on Flushing Avenue from Graham Avenue east to Metropolitan Avenue, with the service operating on it becoming the new Flushing Avenue Line, and the old Flushing Avenue Line being renamed the Flushing and Graham Avenues Line and afterwards, the Graham Avenue Line. The Graham Avenue Line was later extended north along existing trackage on Driggs Avenue and Manhattan Avenue to Hunters Point.
Buses on the Graham Avenue Line were substituted for streetcars on December 21, 1948, and the route was renumbered the B62.
On September 10, 1995, the B62 was merged with the B47 to form the present-day B43 route. The B47 had replaced the Tompkins Avenue Line running between Prospect-Lefferts Gardens and Williamsburg along Empire Boulevard, Kingston Avenue, Tompkins Avenue, and Harrison Avenue. When the routes were combined, the Harrison Avenue portion of the B47 was removed, along with the Flushing Avenue section of the B62.
- "Facts and Figures". mta.info. August 28, 2011. Retrieved July 13, 2018.
- John Homer French, Gazetteer of the State of New York, 1860, pages 66 and 67
- "Railroad Enterprise". Brooklyn Daily Eagle. Brooklyn, NY. December 19, 1867. p. 2.
- "The Lufaner Inquest Continued". Brooklyn Daily Eagle. Brooklyn, NY. January 25, 1868. p. 2.
- "City Railroad Extension". Brooklyn Daily Eagle. Brooklyn, NY. October 7, 1872. p. 11.
- "City Railroad Changes". Brooklyn Daily Eagle. Brooklyn, NY. April 25, 1890. p. 1.
- The New York Times, Coming Transit Reductions: What They Mean for You, August 20, 1995, section 13, page 10
- "AT-A-GLANCE BUS SERVICE CHANGES". Daily News (New York). September 17, 1995. Retrieved December 19, 2015.